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The theme of this book is the ecological development of Zhejiang province under the guidance of “China Dream” policy. It reviews the policy and strategy for environmental protection and transition from the extensive economic growth model to ecological economy. The author explores ecological theories and practices in areas such as traditional culture, economic development, environmental protection, rural reconstruction, green urban development and the ecological civilization system in Zhejiang. As Zhejiang is one of the first economically well-off regions in China, the challenges faced by the government and its solutions under the guidance of the statecraft shall be of interest to scholars and policy makers worldwide.



Chapter 1. The Outlook on Ecological Civilization Leads the Building of a Beautiful Zhejiang

In the process of the market-oriented reform Zhejiang has always carried out concrete work to stay ahead and has made tremendous achievements, which have been hailed as the Zhejiang Model, the Zhejiang Experience and the Zhejiang Miracle. Zhejiang pushes forward the drive towards modernization under the condition that Zhejiang is small in terms of land area, natural resources and environmental capacity. Therefore, Zhejiang has also become the first to encounter the growing pains and thus initiate ecological development. Under the guidance of the outlook on ecological civilization that claims that equal emphasis should be placed on the “gold and silver mountains” and clean, clear waters and lush mountains, Zhejiang has upgraded the strategic goal of ecological development from a green Zhejiang to a beautiful Zhejiang, and so a modern Zhejiang which is beautiful and also presents a good life is emerging.
Manhong Chen

Chapter 2. The Development of a Conservation-Oriented and Environmentally Friendly Ecological Economy

The building of a beautiful Zhejiang and the creation of a good life need to be guaranteed by a beautiful economy including beautiful ecological industries and beautiful green consumption. As a province which met with the growing pains at the earliest, Zhejiang has the deepest understanding of the important significance of the transformation of the developmental mode and economic transformation and upgrading, so under the guidance of the developmental outlook through which clean, clear waters and lush mountains are the “gold and silver mountains”, Zhejiang has vigorously promoted the transformation from a black economy to a green economy, from a linear economy to a circular economy, from a high-carbon economy to a low-carbon economy, and it has made gratifying achievements in this regard, preliminarily demonstrating the charm of a conservation-oriented and environmentally friendly economy and providing the model for national economic transformation and upgrading.
Zhibin Li, Kaiwen Lin, Hongyan Tian

Chapter 3. The Protection of the Ecological Environment with Beautiful Mountains and Rivers

The ecological environment is the foundation for economic development and the guarantee for the quality of life. Thus, the building of an ecological environment which features marvelous scenery south of the Yangtze River with lush mountains, clean, clear waters, a blue sky and clean land has become the basic project for building a beautiful Zhejiang; the “811” action plan, “governing five waters in tandem”, “three renovations and one demolition” and “forested Zhejiang” have become the famous brands for Zhejiang’s ecological and environmental development
Zhibin Li, Qingkai Su, Hongyan Tian

Chapter 4. Inheritance of the Ecological Culture with Harmony Between People and Nature

The manners of production and life in the society of a certain area are guided by unique regional cultural forms; culture is the starting point of the philosophy relating to human activities in production and life; a civilization dominated by industrial culture constitutes an industrial civilization, while production and life modes dominated by an ecological culture give rise to an ecological civilization. The thoughts that “harmony between people and nature should be achieved”, “the objective law follows nature”, “care for all the people and animals should be shown” advocated in traditional Chinese culture reflect the spirits of an ecological culture. In traditional Chinese culture, the philosophical line of thought of the systematic relationship between the people and nature is mainly reflected in the “harmony between people and nature” which is a long-standing issue. According to the Commentaries on the Book of Changes, the people and all creatures arise out of heaven and earth, so nature and people are essentially identical. Only when people act in line with the virtues in heaven and earth, brightness in the sun and the moon and the time sequence of the four seasons can the people master the law of nature to achieve freedom. An ecological civilization is a new form of civilization following a primitive civilization, a farming civilization and an industrial civilization; it carries forward and inherits the achievements of the human civilization, it also embodies a profound reflection on and criticism of the issues concerning a traditional civilization, especially an industrial civilization, it discards the value outlook, in an industrial civilization, that people rule nature, and stresses that human development should conform to the law of ecology and that people and nature should coexist harmoniously; it changes the developmental mode of “treatment after pollution”, emphasizes the principle of giving priority to ecology, and calls for promoting economic and social development and ecological and environmental development at the same time; it changes the materialistic lifestyle, stresses an abstemious accumulation of material wealth, upholds a moderate rate of consumption and cultural enjoyment, and the lifestyle of meeting human needs and causing no damage to the natural environment. It is generally held that an ecological culture is a new cultural form which negates traditional culture and stresses coordinated development of people and nature.
Hongyu Li

Chapter 5. The Construction of a Beautiful Countryside with Harmony Between People and Nature

The No.1 Central Document in 2013 made the work arrangements for strengthening rural ecological development, environmental protection and comprehensive improvement and building a beautiful countryside. In the Central Rural Work Conference, Xi Jinping stressed, “To make China strong, agriculture must be strong; to make China beautiful, rural areas must be beautiful; to make China rich, farmers must be rich”. It is necessary to continue promoting the construction of a new socialist countryside and build a homeland of happiness and a beautiful countryside for farmers. The construction of a beautiful countryside is an important part of ecological development and of the building of a beautiful China.
Lei Zhang

Chapter 6. The Green and Low-Carbon Development of Ecological Cities

The development of ecological cities is an important sign that Zhejiang’s urbanization is changing from a quantitative increase to qualitative improvement; it is also one of the priorities for strengthening ecological development. Urbanization is one of the two main goals of modernization; in the new period, Zhejiang’s urban development cannot be pursued merely by controlling environmental pollution like that in the middle and later periods of the 20th century, Zhejiang should elevate urban development to sustainable development towards urban ecological progress. It is necessary to draw upon domestic and foreign experience in urbanization, build and renovate cities according to high standards and really achieve green and low-carbon development of ecological cities, and thus build a beautiful Zhejiang.
Shouxian Zhu

Chapter 7. Investigations on the Institutions for Ecological Development with Checks and Balances

Zhejiang has gained much successful experience in improving the institutions for ecological development. When Xi Jinping took charge of Zhejiang, he attached great importance to the improvement of those institutions, while the subsequent successive Secretaries of the Party Committee of Zhejiang Province also gave a great deal of attention to ecological development and made great efforts to investigate the institutions for ecological development suitable for Zhejiang’s reality. Thanks to the guarantee from those institutions, Zhejiang has made outstanding achievements in building an ecological province, a beautiful Zhejiang and promoting ecological development, and it has rapidly developed a green economy, a circular economy and a low-carbon economy.
Jian Liu

Chapter 8. Experience and Inspirations from the Building of a Beautiful Zhejiang

The report delivered during the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China incorporates ecological development into the five-sphere integrated plan for building socialism with Chinese characteristics, and calls for vigorously promoting ecological development, building a beautiful China and achieving the sustainable development of the Chinese nation. This means that ecological development has been given a newer and richer connotation, and also suggests that ecological development has become the important means for economic development and environmental protection. Therefore, it is essential to adopt the new philosophy of development established according to the Scientific Outlook on Development, give greater importance to ecological development, environmental protection and coordinated and sustainable development among the economy, society and the population, resources, environment. People’s Government of Zhejiang Province have followed the objective laws and sized up the situation to take a new path in building an ecological province and a green Zhejiang, thus they have accumulated the Zhejiang Experience which is unique and achieved a huge success. Summing up and promoting the Zhejiang Experience in ecological development is of important theoretical value and practical significance for practicing the Scientific Outlook on Development, vigorously promoting ecological development and achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Ran Wang


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