Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter finally descends from the heights of constitutional design to the domain of ‘ordinary’ politics: It analyzes a situation where lobbyists seek to influence decision-making in a legislature (or legislative committee) by offering payments to its members. While Chap. 1 has asked “who gets what” with respect to committee members themselves, Chaps. 2 and 3 have studied individual citizens’ ‘derivative’ influence on decisions in a committee of representatives. The present chapter considers the question how much clout lobbyists have with a legislative committee.
Lobbyists are assumed to share common interests with respect to the political outcome, whereby lobbying efforts become a public good for them, and incentives to free-ride arise. Each lobbyist prefers someone else to contribute so that he may enjoy the benefits from a more favorable political decision without incurring the costs of bringing it about. Although increasing returns to sharing these costs exist, which would imply the formation of a ‘grand coalition’ of lobbyists, “The Logic of Collective Action” (Olson, 1965) suggests that, in the absence of enforceable agreements, (rational) individual lobbyists cannot be expected to act on group interest, that is, to provide an efficient level of lobbying efforts. At the same time, in the real world, lobbyists often seem able to organize themselves in order to obtain changes in legislation or regulation.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aumann, R. J. (1959). Acceptable points and general n-person cooperative games. In A. W. Tucker & R. D. Luce (Eds.), Contributions to the theory of games IV, annals of mathematical studies 40 (pp. 287–324). Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Austen-Smith, D., & Wright, J. R. (1992). Competitive lobbying for a legislator’s vote. Social Choice and Welfare, 9(3), 229–257. CrossRef
Belleflamme, P. (2000). Stable coalition structures with open membership and asymmetric firms. Games and Economic Behavior, 30(1), 1–21. CrossRef
Bloch, F. (1996). Sequential formation of coalitions in games with externalities and fixed payoff division. Games and Economic Behavior, 14(1), 90–123. CrossRef
Bloch, F. (1997). Non-cooperative models of coalition formation in games with spillovers. In C. Carraro & D. Siniscalco (Eds.), New directions in the economic theory of the environment (pp. 311–352). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Damania, R., & Fredriksson, P. G. (2000). On the formation of industry lobby groups. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 41(4), 315–335. CrossRef
Denzau, A., & Munger, M. (1986). Legislators and interest groups: How unorganized interests get represented. American Political Science Review, 80(1), 89–106. CrossRef
Fordham, B. O., & McKeown, T. J. (2003). Selection and influence: Interest groups and congressional voting on trade policy. International Organization, 57(3), 519–549. CrossRef
Groseclose, T., & Snyder, J. M. (1996). Buying supermajorities. American Political Science Review, 90(2), 303–315. CrossRef
Hart, S., & Kurz, M. (1983). Endogenous formation of coalitions. Econometrica, 51(4),1047–1064. CrossRef
Helpman, E., & Persson, T. (2001). Lobbying and legislative bargaining. Advances in Economic Analysis & Policy, 1(1), Article 3.
Hojnacki, M. (1997). Interest groups’ decisions to join alliances or work alone. American Journal of Political Science, 41(1), 61–87. CrossRef
Jordan, A., & McLaughlin, A. (1993). The rationality of lobbying in Europe: Why are euro groups so numerous and so weak?. In S. Mazey & J. Richardson (Eds.), Lobbying in the European community (pp. 122–161). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lohmann, S. (1995). Information, access, and contributions: A signaling model of lobbying. Public Choice, 85(3), 267–284. CrossRef
Mahoney, C. (2007). Lobbying success in the united states and the European union. Journal of Public Policy, 27(1), 35–56. CrossRef
Mazey, S., & Richardson, J. (1993). Introduction: Transference of power, decision rules, and rules of the game. In S. Mazey & J. Richardson (Eds.), Lobbying in the European community (pp. 3–26). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
McLaughlin, A., Jordan, G., & Mahoney, W. A. (1993). Corporate lobbying in the European community. Journal of Common Market Studies, 31(2), 191–212. CrossRef
Michalowitz, I. (2004). EU lobbying – principals, agents and targets: Strategic interest intermediation in EU policy-making. Münster: Lit Verlag.
Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Pijnenburg, B. (1998). EU lobbying by ad hoc coalitions: An exploratory case study. Journal of European Public Policy, 5(2), 303–321. CrossRef
Ray, D., & Vohra, R. (1997). Equilibrium binding agreements. Journal of Economic Theory, 73(1), 30–78. CrossRef
Ray, D., & Vohra, R. (1999). A theory of endogenous coalition structures. Games and Economic Behavior, 26(2), 286–336. CrossRef
Romer, T., & Rosenthal, H. (1978). Political resource allocation, controlled agendas, and the status quo. Public Choice, 33(4), 27–43. CrossRef
Shenoy, P. (1979). On coalition formation: A game theoretical approach. International Journal of Game Theory, 8(3), 133–164. CrossRef
Shubik, M. (1982). Game theory in the social sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT.
Snyder, J. M. Jr. (1991). On buying legislatures. Economics and Politics, 3(2), 93–109. CrossRef
Steunenberg, B., Schmidtchen, D., & Koboldt, C. (1999). Strategic power in the European union. Journal of Theoretical Politics, 11(3), 339–366. CrossRef
Stigler, G. J. (1950). Monopoly and oligopoly by merger. American Economic Review, 40(2),23–34.
Van Schendelen, R. (2005). Machiavelli in Brussels (2nd ed.). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
Vaubel, R. (1997). The constitutional reform of the European union. European Economic Review, 41(3–5), 443–450. CrossRef
Von Neumann, J., & Morgenstern, O. (1944). Theory of games and economic behavior. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Wright, J. R. (1989). PAC contributions, lobbying and representation. Journal of Politics, 51(3), 713–729. CrossRef
Wright, J. R. (1990). Contributions, lobbying, and committee voting in the U.S. house of representatives. American Political Science Review, 84(2), 417–438.
Yi, S.-S. (1997). Stable coalition structures with externalities. Games and Economic Behavior, 20(2), 201–237. CrossRef
- Committees and Lobby Coalition Formation
Dr. Nicola F. Maaser
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Chapter 4
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Best Practices zu agiler Qualität