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Über dieses Buch

This book is the seventh volume in a series entitled “Contemporary Logistics in China,” authored by researchers from the Logistics Center at Nankai University. In the spirit of the six preceding annual volumes, this book carries on the ideal of providing a systematic exposition on the logistics development in China for the English-speaking community at large. Specially, this volume captures China’s logistics development at a crucial turning point. On the one hand, it reflects the new horizon advocated by the Government’s One-Belt-One-Road Initiative global cooperation strategy; on the other, it explores the Internet revolution, which has had major impacts on e-commerce and urban logistics in China. Subjects covered in this volume encompass the macro-factors pertaining to logistics development, region-specific plans, industry-wide transformation, globally-oriented moves, and current hot topics. The expositions on and analyses of these subjects are based on the latest available sources and statistical data. As with the previous volumes, the ultimate aim of this book is to present a timely portrait of the rapid growth of China’s logistics market and the status quo of its logistics industry. In so doing, the book offers an in-depth analysis of critical issues involved in the ongoing dynamic and multi-faceted development, and provides a valuable reference resource for interested readers in the academic and professional fields.



Chapter 1. Development of China’s Logistics Market

2015 marked the last year of the 12th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development in China. In this year, China’s logistics industry was confronted with complex domestic and international environment. As far as international environment is concerned, the world economic growth was sluggish, the price of commodities dropped considerably, and the global trade was in a slump. Domestically, China’s economy entered a stage of New Normal, in which the economic growth rate continued to slow down. To actively adapt to and respond to the New Normal, China’s Government, on the one hand, strived to adjust its economic structure, implement the innovation-driven strategy, so as to foster new driving forces for development; on the other hand, it continued to push forward the Belt and Road Initiative, the Going Abroad, the Pilot Free Trade Zone and other national strategies so as to expand the space of external development for the country.
Xiaomei Jiang

Chapter 2. Logistics Facilities and Technological Development

This chapter discusses the progress China made in 2015 in building the logistics nodes and channels, and presents the latest development in logistics facilities, logistics IT development and standardization in the country. In 2015, China’s comprehensive transportation network had kept improving with enhanced level of environmental protection of its transportation infrastructures.
Fan Qin

Chapter 3. Development of Regional Logistics Market in China

Regional development policies in China have gone through three stages, namely, the stages oriented by equity, by efficiency, and by both equity and efficiency. Presently, it has now evolved into the crucial phase of promoting balanced regional development. Modern logistics industry, being a key foundational industry affected by the long-standing characteristics of imbalanced regional economy, has exhibited apparent differences among the regions.
Lan-bing Li

Chapter 4. Development Status of China’s Manufacturing Logistics

As China’s economy getting more integrated into economic globalization and as China speeding up its restructuring and transformation of economic growth pattern, and being guided by the “Made in China 2025,” the “Internet Plus,” “the Belt and Road Initiative” and other strategies of economic growth, China’s manufacturing industry has been accelerating its transformation and upgrading. Along this process, the scale of logistics market for manufacturing industry has been expanding continually. As the production model of manufacturing industry changes, creating emerging logistics demands, and as service-oriented reform in manufacturing industry pushes forward the two-way extension of logistics service towards both upstream and downstream of the supply chain, the capability of manufacturing logistics in professional service has been enhanced.
Weihua Liu, Ling Wang

Chapter 5. Development of Logistics Parks in China

As China transforms and upgrades its industries and accelerates the development of its emerging industries, there has been greater demand for logistics parks with constantly adjusted demand structure. National policies, plans and standards improved, which have promoted the healthy and orderly development of logistics parks. In recent years China has witnessed larger number of logistics parks, better service capabilities, enhanced construction of information platforms, and diverse development models and types of capital input. In the future, the intermodal transport functions of logistics parks will be further strengthened. Logistics operations will move towards network development; green and low-carbon emphasis will become the development trend of logistics parks.
Ping Chen

Chapter 6. Development of Shipping Logistics in China

Since the 2008 international financial crisis, world economy and trade have been growing slowly with global shipping market remaining slump. Indicators that reflect the scale of shipping logistics market in China, such as cargo throughput, are growing conspicuously slowly. When the national economy in China entered the New Normal phase, the country has launched a number of strategic measures to promote transformation and upgrading of shipping logistics industry; shipping enterprises have kicked off a new round of merger and acquisition; port enterprises have also enhanced cooperation among them. Confronted with severe competitive environment, innovative development will become the theme of future development in shipping logistics enterprise.
Jinglei Yang

Chapter 7. Development of City Logistics in China

City logistics plays an important role in the “last-mile” of modern logistics, improves the livelihood of urban citizens, and ensures the normal operation of urban society and economy. In recent years, China continues to optimize its city logistics development environment, improve its city logistics infrastructures, and make innovations in its urban terminal distribution models. The country is gradually establishing efficient, green and convenient service system of city logistics.
Jianhua Xiao

Chapter 8. Review of Logistics Development in China (2011–2015)

During the 12th Five-year Plan period (2011–2015), while world economic growth lacked sufficient driving force, China focused its macro-economy on adjusting the economic structure and maintaining a steady economic growth. During this period, logistics industry in China maintained a medium to high pace of growth. The proportion of total logistics expense in GDP decreased, the logistics system kept improving, and the logistics enterprises gained evident strength.
Yong Liu

Chapter 9. Internet Revolution and Characteristics of Logistic Service Development in China

The still flourishing Internet revolution is an industrial one spearheaded by the new-tech revolution, which will produce far-reaching influence on all the sectors of Chinese national economy. The four processes in traditional commerce have been consolidated into online and offline activities. Information flow, capital flow and commerce flow can be realized on the Internet, while logistics become the last contact point for offline delivery of products. Logistics industry needs to address the change in this commercial system. On the one hand, it must keep expanding commercial services featured by face-to-face contacts with clients; on the other hand, it has to facilitate its own evolution to adapt to new requirements resulted from the Internet and information revolution. “Internet-plus logistics” have become an important factor that influences the development of logistics industry.
Zhi-lun Jiao

Chapter 10. Development of China’s Green Logistics

Over the past 30 years, China has made tremendous achievements in its economic growth. However, its environmental bearing capability has approached or even reached the upper limit. As a result, the Government has proposed accelerating the new means of green, low-carbon, and cyclic development, and speeding up building of a resource-conserving and environmentally-friendly society. Green logistics constitute the essential component in building the resource-conserving and environmentally-friendly society, the important means of realizing a green, low-carbon, cyclic and sustainable development, and the urgent requirement for implementing the national strategy of addressing the climate change. Developing green logistics is of vital importance for China’s logistics industry to shift towards an efficiency-enhancing and innovation-driven model, thus furthering the industrial upgrading and transformation of its economic structure.
Xiang Li
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