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2022 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Decarbonizing Emissions in the Electricity Sector of the Mekong Subregion: Policy Implications

verfasst von : Han Phoumin

Erschienen in: Revisiting Electricity Market Reforms

Verlag: Springer Nature Singapore

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Abstract

The Mekong subregion faces tremendous challenges regarding the future energy landscape and how the energy transition will embrace a new architecture. This includes sound policies and technologies to ensure energy access, affordability, energy security, and energy sustainability. Fossil fuels (oil, coal, and natural gas) comprise almost 80% of the region’s current energy mix. Moreover, the region will continue to rely on fossil fuels for economic growth in the foreseeable future. Thus, decarbonising emissions in the Mekong subregion is critically important to redirect the energy trajectory of fossil fuel–based energy system to low-carbon and green energy systems. This chapter discusses the energy landscape, including the rising electricity demand in the region, explores the potential of renewables in replacing fossil fuels in the electricity sector, and examines the possibility of carbon capture, utilisation, and storage for remaining emissions from coal and natural gas power generation. It also examines the power generation sector’s market structure and policy challenges to embrace electricity market liberalisation in the region. Finally, the chapter will provide policy recommendations to stakeholders, such as electricity authorities and business players in this market.

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Fußnoten
1
The Mekong subregion here refers to the Lower Mekong subregion consisted of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand,, and Viet Nam.
 
2
The business-as-usual scenario (BAU) was developed for each East Asia Summit country, outlining future sectoral and economy-wide energy consumption, assuming no significant changes to government policies.
 
3
The alternative policy scenario (APS) was set to examine the potential impacts if additional energy efficiency goals, action plans, or policies being or likely to be considered were developed.
 
Literatur
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Zurück zum Zitat Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) (2018b) Study on the formation of the ASEAN power grid generation and transmission system planning institution (Internal document shared with HAPUA) Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) (2018b) Study on the formation of the ASEAN power grid generation and transmission system planning institution (Internal document shared with HAPUA)
Zurück zum Zitat Han P (2020) Embracing renewable, clean technologies to decarbonize emissions in ASEAN Post-COVID-19. The Korea Times Han P (2020) Embracing renewable, clean technologies to decarbonize emissions in ASEAN Post-COVID-19. The Korea Times
Zurück zum Zitat Mitsuru M, Jongkyun L, Ichiro K, Han P (eds) (2017) Improving emission regulations for coal-fired power plants in ASEAN. Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, Jakarta Mitsuru M, Jongkyun L, Ichiro K, Han P (eds) (2017) Improving emission regulations for coal-fired power plants in ASEAN. Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, Jakarta
Metadaten
Titel
Decarbonizing Emissions in the Electricity Sector of the Mekong Subregion: Policy Implications
verfasst von
Han Phoumin
Copyright-Jahr
2022
Verlag
Springer Nature Singapore
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-4266-2_10