Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
With climate change adaptation emerging as a top priority in many developing countries, national governments and international and local organizations seek the most effective policy and governance mechanisms through which to foster progress. One avenue of keen interest is the devolution of authority for adaptation planning and implementation to the local level. To date, little research is available on the link between local governance effectiveness and progress on adaptation. To help address that need, this paper explores governance and climate change adaptation dynamics at the local level in Mali, focusing on the commune, the smallest-scale elected body. The discussion centers on a legally-mandated local planning process, for which community consultation is required, as the entry point to analyze the effectiveness of local efforts to identify and implement climate change adaptation priorities. The paper provides the results of activities undertaken by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), presenting findings from a qualitative study of five communes, together with a case study on Koro commune, which highlight lessons on integration of climate change adaption into commune level development plans. The discussion is intended to foster understanding of the opportunities and conditions that enable successful climate adaptation interventions at the local level, as well as the extent to which a decentralized system of government can confer an adaptive advantage. The key takeaway of the discussion is that even in the context of fundamental governance challenges, such as those Mali currently experiences, climate-resilient local planning is possible given adequate resources, technical expertise and commitment to engaging citizens in identifying priorities. This finding and others described here are relevant to national governments and other development actors investing in climate change adaptation at the local level.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR) Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security. (2014). How can effective dialogue be established between researchers and policy makers on climate change adaptation in Mali?. CGIAR, Washington, D.C.: Info Note.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). (2017). World fact book, Washington D.C.
Diarra, A., & Ag Anara, S. (2016). Mali’s local elections marred by boycotts, kidnapping. Reuters World News, November 20, 2016.
Diiro, G., Petri, M., Birhanu, Z. B., Sinare, B., Dicko, M., & Traore, D., et al. (2016). Gendered analysis of stakeholder perceptions of climate change, and the barriers to its adaptation in Mopti region in Mali. Research Report no. 68. Technical Report. ICRISAT, Patancheru, Telangana, India.
Direction Régional du tourisme et de l’hôtellerie in Mopti. (2017). Annual Report.
Human Rights Watch (HRW). (2017). World Report 2017. New York: HRW.
International Monetary Fund (IMF). (2015). Technical assistance report—implementing fiscal decentralization. Washington D.C.: IMF.
Kelsey, J.-C., Hughes, A. K., & Knox, A. (2011). The challenge of decentralization in Mali: Lesson 2 on focus on land in Africa, Brief. World Resources Institute in partnership with Landesa. Washington D.C.: Rural Development Institute.
Lippman, H., Lewis, B. (1998). Democratic decentralization in Mali: a work in progress. Washington D.C.: United States Agency for International Development.
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation and Centre d’Expertises pour la Decentralisation et le Developpement local. (2004). Decentralization in Mali: putting policy into practice. KIT development, policy and practice—series: Decentralization and local governance, Bulletin 362. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute.
Traore, B., Descheemaeker, K., van Wijk, M. T., Corbeels, M., Supit, I., & Giller, K. E. (2017). Modelling cereal crops to assess future climate risk for family food self-sufficiency in southern Mali. Field Crops Research,201, 133–145. CrossRef
Turner, M., McPeak, J., & Ayantunde, A. (2014). The role of livestock mobility in the livelihood strategies of rural peoples in semi-arid West Africa. Human Ecology,42, 231–247. CrossRef
United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2015). Country development cooperation strategy mali forward. Washington D.C.: USAID.
USAID Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS). (2017a). Climate change risk profile West Africa/Sahel. Washington D.C.: USAID ATLAS.
USAID Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS). (2017b). Decentralized governance and climate change adaptation: A case study on Mali. Washington D.C.: USAID ATLAS.
USAID Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). (2010). Mali livelihoods profile. Washington D.C.: USAID FEWS NET.
USAID Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). (2015). Mali livelihoods zone descriptions. Washington D.C.: USAID FEWS NET.
United States Geological Survey (USGS)/United States Agency for International Development (USAID). (2012). Climate trend analysis of Mali. Washington D.C.:USGS/USAID.
Walch, C. (2017). Fertile ground? Climate change and jihadism in Mali. New Security Beat Blog, The Wilson Center, May 2017, Washington D.C.
World Bank. (2017). Data bank for Mali. Washington D.C.:World Bank.
- Decentralized Governance and Climate Change Adaptation: Working Locally to Address Community Resilience Priorities
Fallstudie Überschwemmungskarten/© Thaut Images | Fotolia