Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter examines the scope and limits of mechanisms used to encourage social accountability (SAM) in local government in Bangladesh, particularly at the Union Parishad (UP) – the lowest unit of rural local government in Bangladesh. It focuses on two major mechanisms of social accountability – Participatory Planning (PP) and Participatory Budgeting (PB) – as provided for in the Local Government (Union Parishad) Act, 2009. The chapter particularly explores the extent to which there exists any gap between what has been prescribed in the statute and the way the role actors behave and examines the reasons that explain the divergence between rules and roles, if any. Many reasons – political, administrative, and social – account for the hiatus between the law and the reality. However, notwithstanding several drawbacks, PP and PB can be seen as beneficial from several standpoints. Direct fund transfer to UPs is now considered to be feasible, due to greater accountability and participation in spending such funds. The formal planning and budgeting practices have challenged the existing power structure in the local government institutions. UP officials have been rendered accountable and UP financial management has become more professional following the introduction of SAMs. The chapter has suggested some reforms to make PP and PB effective.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aminuzzaman, S. M. (2011). Local Governance Innovations: An Assessment of the Challenges for Mainstreaming Local Governance Support Program. In I. Jamil, S. M. Aminuzzaman, S. Askvik, & S. T. M. Haque (Eds.), Understanding Governance and Public Policy in Bangladesh. Dhaka: North South University.
Aziz, M. A. (1991). The Union Parishad in Bangladesh: An Analysis of Problems and Directions of Reform. Dhaka: National Institute of Local Government.
Cheema, G. S., & Rondinelli, D. A. (n.d.). From Government Decentralization to Decentralized Governance. Available at: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/press/ books/2007/decentralizinggovernance/decentralizinggovernance_chapter.pdf. Accessed 01 May 2013.
Chowdhury, M. S. (2015). Impact of ‘the Local Government (Union Parishad) Act, 2009’ on the Local Governance in Bangladesh: A Focus on People’s Participation and Accountability (Unpublished PhD Thesis). Rajshahi: Department of Public Administration, Rajshahi University.
Crook, R. C., & Manor, J. (1998). Democracy and Decentralization in South Asia and West Africa: Participation, Accountability and Performance. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Devas, N., & Delay, S. (2006). Local Democracy and the Challenges of Decentralizing the State: An International Perspective. Local Government Studies, 32(5), 677–695. CrossRef
Faruki, A. J. (2011). Resource Mobilization in Local Government Institutions: A Comparative Analysis of Five Union Parishads in South Western Region in Bangladesh. The Journal of Local Government, 37(2), 41–56.
GoB (Government of Bangladesh). (2009). The Local Government (Union Parishads) Act 2009. Dhaka: Ministry of Local Government.
GoB (Government of Bangladesh). (2012). Budget Booklet 2012–13. Dhaka: Finance Division, Ministry of Finance. Retrieved from http://www.mof.gov.bd/en/budget/booklet/booklet_en.pdf on 15 Jun 2014.
Khan, M. M. (2011). Local Government in Bangladesh: Some Contemporary Issues and Practices. Dhaka: A H Development Publishing House.
Malenat, C., Forster, R., & Singh, J. (2004). Social Accountability: An Introduction to the Concept and Emerging Practice. In World Bank, Participation and Civic Engagement (Paper No. 76). Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Olsen, H. B. (2007). Decentralization and Local Governance, Module-1: Definitions and Concepts. Retrieved from http://www.deza.admin.ch/ressources/resource_en_167288.pdf
Olum, Y. (2014). Decentralization in Developing Countries: Preconditions for Successful Implementation. Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance (15). Retrieved from http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/ojs/index.php/cjlg on 1 Dec 2015.
Panday, P. K., & Asaduzzaman, M. (2011). Politics, Problems and Trends of Decentralized Local Governance in Bangladesh. In I. Jamil, S. M. Aminuzzaman, S. Askvik, & S. T. M. Haque (Eds.), Understanding Governance and Public Policy in Bangladesh. Dhaka: North South University.
Rahman, A. (n.d.). Effective Participation: Community Engagements in Participatory Budgeting in Bangladesh. Bangladesh: Unnayan Shamanay, Shahbag, Dhaka. Retrieved from http://www.engagingcommunities2005.org/abstracts/Rahman-Atiur-final.pdf. On 07 Sept 2013.
Rahman, A. (2005). People’s Budgeting at the Local Government Level in Bangladesh. In United Nations, Participatory Planning and Budgeting at the Sub-national Level. Retrieved from http://www.unpan.org/Portals/0/60yrhistory/documents/Publications/Participatory%20Planning%20and%20Budgeting.2005.pdf on 7 Sept 2013.
Razzaque, F. (2016). Reality of Citizen Engagement in the Development Activities at Local Level in Bangladesh: A Study of Union Parishads. Asian Journal of Development and Governance, 1(1), 31–54.
Sarkar, S. K., & Dutta, A. (2011). Country Paper: Bangladesh-Democratic Accountability in Local Governance Institutions. In Democratic Accountability in Local Governance: Experience from South Asia. New Delhi: PRIA Global Partnership.
Ullah, M. A., & Pongquan, S. (2011). Revenue Mobilization Performance of Union Parishad in Bangladesh: Is It Convergence of Central-Local Relations. Asian Social Science Journal, 2, 25–40.
UNDP. (2010). Re-Thinking the Approaches to Local Governance Programming in Conflict Affected Countries in the Arab Region: An Exploratory Study. New York: UNDP.
Vijayalakshmi, V. (2002). Gender Mainstreaming in Sirajganj Local Governance Development Project. Bangalore: Institute for Social and Economic Change.
Wampler, B. (2007). A Guide to Participatory Budgeting. In A. Shah (Ed.), Participatory Budgeting. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
World Bank. (1998). Public Expenditure Management Handbook. Washington, DC: World Bank. Retrieved from http://www1.worldbank.org/publicsector/ pe/handbook/pem98.pdf. On 21 Aug 2014.
World Bank. (2007). A Guide to Participatory Budgeting. In A. Shah (Ed.), Participatory Budgeting. Public Sector Governance and Accountability Series. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Bank. (2014). Bangladesh Local Governance Support Project II: Overview. Retrieved from http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P124514/bangladesh-local-governance-support-project-ii?lang=en on 1 Oct 2014.
Yilmaz, S., Beris, Y., & Serrano-Berthet, R. (2008). Local Government Discretion and Accountability: A Diagnostic Framework for Local Governance. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Zahid, S. J. A., & Rahman, M. M. (1994). Framework on Management of Local Level Planning in Bangladesh. In A. Salehuddin & S. J. A. Anwar (Eds.), Strategies and Issues of Local Level Planning in Bangladesh. Comilla: BARD.
- Decentralized Planning and Budgeting as Social Accountability Tools: A Study of Social Accountability in Local Government in Bangladesh
- Chapter 12
Entwicklung einer Supply-Strategie bei der Atotech Deutschland GmbH am Standort Feucht