Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
A human factors team was tasked with assessing best practices for developing a crewed space vehicle that is both reliable and robust. The team identified two broad dimensions of human factors relevant to reliability and robustness, namely, the attributes of the product, and the processes used to develop the product. The “product” includes hardware, software, documentation, training systems, and procedures throughout all phases of the system life, including construction, testing, operation and maintenance. Three key attributes of the product are the extent to which task demands are within human capabilities, the capacity of the system to cope with human error, and the ability of the system to make use of unique human capabilities during non-routine situations. The “process” dimension of human factors relates to the human systems engineering program that starts in the early stages of design, and continues throughout the life of the system. There are, of course, no guarantees that a formal consideration of human factors throughout the design process will identify all the relevant human issues. However, in the absence of such a consideration, problems are virtually assured.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2012). Space Flight Program and Project Management Requirements). NASA Procedural Requirement NPR 7120.5E. Washington DC: Author.
Adelstein, B., Hobbs, A., O’Hara, J., & Null, C. (2006). Design, development, testing, and evaluation: Human factors engineering (NASA/TM-2006-214535). Hampton, VA: NASA Langley Research Center.
Reason, J. (1997). Managing the risk of organisational accidents. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Reason, J. (2009). The human contribution. Unsafe acts, accidents and heroic recoveries. Aldershot: Ashgate.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2004). Human Rating Requirements for Space Systems. NASA Procedural Requirement NPR 8705.2A. Washington DC: Author.
Department of Defense (2000 ). Standard practice for System Safety. MIL-STD-882D. Washington DC: Author.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2008). General Safety Program Requirements. NASA Procedural Requirement NPR 8715.3C. Washington DC: Author.
O'Hara, J., Higgins, J., Fleger, S. & Pieringer, P. (2012). Human factors engineering program review model. (NUREG-0711, Rev. 3). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
U.S. Navy. (2005). Human systems integration guide. Washington DC: Author.
Department of Defense. (2006). Defense acquisition guidebook. Washington DC: Author.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2013). NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements. NASA Procedural Requirement 7123.1B. Washington DC: Author.
Department of Defense. (2011). Human Engineering Requirements for Military Systems, Equipment and Facilities. (MIL-STD-46855A). Washington, D.C.: Office of Management and Budget.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2007). Systems engineering handbook. NASA/SP-2007-6105. Washington DC: Author.
Billings, C. (1997). Aviation automation: The search for a human-centered approach. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Kirwan, B. & Ainsworth, L.K. (1992). A guide to task analysis. London: Taylor and Francis
NASA. (2002). Human reliability analysis (HRA) Final Report. Volume VII: Human Error Analysis Methodology. (JSC report 29867). Johnson Space Center, TX: Author.
O'Hara, J., Stubler, W., Brown, W. & Higgins, J., (1997). Integrated-system validation: Methodology and review criteria (NUREG/CR-6393). U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C.
Charlton, S. & O'Brien, T. (Eds.) (2002). Handbook of Human Factors Testing and Evaluation (2nd Edition). Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, Associates, Inc.
Meister, D. (1986). Human factors in testing and evaluation. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
- Defining Reliability and Robustness from a Human Factors Perspective
Neuer Inhalt, AVL List GmbH/© AVL List GmbH, dSpace, BorgWarner, Neuer Inhalt, Neuer Inhalt, Smalley, Valeo Logo/© Valeo, FEV