Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The concept of open data has rapidly permeated the design and implementation of local government systems. Coupled with appropriate requisite and appropriate Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), public services are delivered on open platforms and domains further opening up transparency and accountability. Embedded on Open Government Data and e-government, South Africa is pushing to mitigate corruption and inefficiency in its public delivery platforms, especially at the local government levels. Using extensive literature review exploring both scholarly sources, policy and strategy documents from both the public and private sector, this chapter aims to provide a deeper understanding of the role of open data by local municipalities in South Africa. It will briefly discuss the importance of open data to local government in order to benefit its community especially in the realm of contemporary public governance models, discuss ways of promoting citizen participation, and, most importantly, offer necessary aspects for municipal officials to consider before formalising transparency policies. It is intended to help local government officials take first steps in creating municipal transparency and openness policies.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Alexopoulos, C., Zuiderwijk, A., Charapabidis, Y., Loukis, E., & Janssen, M. (2014). Designing a second generation of open data platforms: Integrating open data and social media. In M. Janssen, H. J. Scholl, M. A. Wimmer, & F. Bannister (Eds.), 13th international conference on electronic government (EGOV), Sep 2014, Dublin, Ireland (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, LNCS-8653) (pp. 230–241). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. Electronic Government. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44426-9_19. hal-01401747.
Andersen, T. B. (2009). E-government as an anti-corruption strategy. Information Economics and Policy, 21(3), 201–210. CrossRef
Bagui, L., Sigwejo, A., & Bytheway, A. (2011). Public participation in government: Assessing m-participation in South Africa and Tanzania. In A. Koch & P. A. van Brakel (Eds.), Proceedings of the 13th annual conference on world wide web applications (pp. 5–26). Johannesburg: Cape Peninsula University of Technology.
Bélanger, F., & Carter, L. (2012). Digitizing government interactions with constituents: An historical review of E-government research in information systems. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 13(5), 363–394. CrossRef
Benyon, S. Sam Qaqamba Beynon on Twitter. Twitter. Accessed 30 June 2018.
Bertot, J. C., Jaeger, P. T., & Grimes, J. M. (2010). Using ICTs to create a culture of transparency: E-government and social media as openness and anti-corruption tools for societies. Government Information Quarterly, 27, 264–271. CrossRef
Bertot, J. C., Jaeger, P. T., & Grimes, J. M. (2012). Promoting transparency and accountability through ICTs, social media, and collaborative e-government. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 6(1), 78–91. CrossRef
Bertot, J. C., Gorham, U., Jaeger, P., Sarin, L., & Choi, H. (2014). Big data, open government and e-government: Issues, policies and recommendations. Information Polity, 19(1/2), 5–16. CrossRef
Birkinshaw, P. (2006). Transparency as a human right. In C. Hood & D. Heald (Eds.), Transparency: The key to better governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bonsón, E., Torres, L., Royo, S., & Flores, F. (2012). Local e-government 2.0: Social media and corporate transparency in municipalities. Government Information Quarterly, 29, 123–132. CrossRef
Bradshaw, P. (2014). Transparency opportunity: Holding power to account – or making power accountable? In N. Bowles, J. T. Hamilton, & D. Levy (Eds.), Transparency in politics and the media: Accountability and open government. London: I.B. Tauris.
Braunschwei, K., Eberius, J., Thiele, M., & Lehner, W. (2012). The state of open data: Limits of current open data platforms. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f567/00355734c88ecb04005b84eb80362e35803f.pdf (Accessed 18 March 2019).
Chigona, W., Beukes, D., Vally, J., & Tanner, M. (2009). Can mobile internet help prevent social exclusion in developing countries? The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries, 36(7), 1–16. CrossRef
Chun, S. A., & Luna Reyes, L. F. (2012). Editorial – social media in government. Government Information Quarterly, 29, 441–445. CrossRef
Clarke, A., & Francoli, M. (2014). What’s in a name? A comparison of “open government” definitions across Seven Open Government Partnership members. eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government, 6(1), 248–266. CrossRef
Conklin, A., Morris, Z., & Nolte, E. (2012). What is the evidence base for public involvement in health-care policy?: Results of a systematic scoping review. Health Expectations, 18, 153–165. CrossRef
Criado, J. I., Sandoval-Almazan, R., & Gil-Garcia, J. R. (2013). Government innovation through social media. Government Information Quarterly, 30, 319–326. CrossRef
Davis, T., & Mintz, M. (2009). Design features for the social web: The architecture of Deme. In Proceedings of 8th international workshop on web-oriented software technologies-IWWOST.
Dawes, S., Vidiasova, L., & Parkhimovich, O. (2016). Planning and designing open government data programs: An ecosystem approach. Government Information Quarterly, 33(1), 15–27. CrossRef
Dwivedi, Y. K., Weerakkody, V., & Janssen, M. (2012). Moving towards maturity: Challenges to successful e-government implementation and diffusion. ACM SIGMIS Database, 42(4), 11–22. CrossRef
Emery, F. (1993). The agenda for the next wave. In M. Emery (Ed.), Participative design for participative democracy (pp. 30–39). Canberra: Centre for Continuing Education, The Australian National University.
Florin, D., & Dixon, J. (2004). Public involvement in health care. British Medical Journal, 328, 159–161. CrossRef
Fung, A., Graham, M., & Weil, D. (2007). Full disclosure: The perils and promise of transparency. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Habermas, J. (1989). The structural transformation of the public sphere. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Harrison, T., & Sayogo, D. (2014). Transparency, participation and accountability practices in open government: A comparative study. Government Information Quarterly, 31, 513–525. CrossRef
Huijboom, N., & Van den Broek, T. (2011). Open data: An international comparison of strategies. European Journal of ePractice, 12(1), 1–13.
Janssen, M., Charalabidis, Y., & Zuiderwijk, A. (2012). Benefits, adoption barriers and myths of open data and open government. Information Systems Management, 29(4), 258–268. CrossRef
Madumo, O. S. (2012). The promotion of developmental local government to facilitate a developmental state. Administratio Publica, 20(3), 40–54.
Margo, M. J. (2012). A review of social media use in E-government. Administrative Sciences, Administrative Sciences, 2(2), 148–161.
Meijer, A. J. (2012). The do it yourself state. The future of participatory democracy. Information Polity, 17(3–4), 303–314. CrossRef
Meijer, A., Curtin, D., & Hillebrandt, M. (2012). Open government: Connecting vision and voice. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 78(1), 10–29. CrossRef
Netswera, F. G., & Kgalane, T. S. (2014). The underlying factors behind violent municipal service delivery protests in South Africa. Journal of Public Administration, 49, 261–273.
Noveck, B. S. (2009). Wiki Government: How technology can make government better, democracy stronger, and citizens more powerful. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
OECD, ISOC and UNESCO. (2013). The relationship between local content, internet development and access prices (OECD digital economy papers, no. 217). Paris: OECD Publishing.
Open Government Partnership. http://www.opengovpartnership.org. Accesses 24 June 2018.
Republic of South Africa. (1996). Constitution of the Republic of South Africa. As adopted on 8 May 1996 and amended on 11 October 1996 by the Constitutional Assembly. Pretoria: Parliament of South Africa Republic of South Africa. http://www.justice.gov.za/legislation/constitution/SAConstitutionweb-eng.pdf. Accessed 12 July 2018.
Republic of South Africa. (2000). Promotion of access to information act 2 of 2000. Pretoria: Parliament of South Africa, Republic of South Africa. http://www.dfa.gov.za/department/accessinfo_act.pdf. Accessed 10 July 2018.
Sandoval-Almazan, R., & Ramon Gil-Garcia, J. (2016). Toward an integrative assessment of open government: Proposing conceptual lenses and practical components. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 26(1–2), 170–192. https://doi.org/10.1080/10919392.2015.1125190. CrossRef
Schuler, D., & Namioka, A. (Eds.). (1993). Participatory design: Principles and practices. Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.
Shkabatur, J. (2013). Transparency with (out) accountability: Open government in the United States. Yale Law and Policy Review, 31(1), 79–140.
South Africa. (1998). The Local Government Municipal Systems Act 117 of 1998. Pretoria: Government Printer.
South Africa. (2011). The South African National Development Plan (NDP), (2030). Cape Town: Planning Commission.
South Africa. Local Development Plan 2030. https://www.gov.za/issues/national-development-plan-2030. Accesed 18 March 2019.
Srivastava, S. C. (2011). Is e-government providing the promised returns?: A value framework for assessing e-government impact. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, 5(2), 107–113. CrossRef
Srivastava, S. C., & Teo, T. S. H. (2007). What facilitates e-government development? A cross-country analysis. Electronic Government, 4(4), 365–378.
Strömbäck, J. (2005). In search of a standard: Four models of democracy and their normative implications for journalism. Journalism Studies, 6(3), 331–345. CrossRef
Teo, T. S. H., Srivastava, S. C., & Jiang, L. (2009). Trust and electronic government success: An empirical study. Journal of Management Information Systems, 25(3), 99–132.
Thornhill, C. (1995). Local government: Government closest to the people. Pretoria: HSRC Publishers.
Thurston, A. (2013). Transparency can “break cycle of poor governance” in developing world. Guardian Professional. Retrieved at 19 December. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/public-leaders-network/2013/mar/12/transparency-break-cycle-poor-governance.
Ubaldi, B. (2013). Open government data: Towards empirical analysis of open government data initiatives. OECD Working Papers on Public Governance, No. 22.
Van den Hoven, J. (2005). E-democracy, e-contestation and the monitorial citizen. Ethics and Information Technology, 7, 51–59. CrossRef
Van der Waldt, G. (2015). Unpublished draft UJ internal handbook. Local governance: Leading sustainable communities. Johannesburg: University of Johannesburg.
Veljković, N., Bogdanović-Dinić, S., & Stoimenov, L. (2014). Benchmarking open government: An open data perspective. Government Information Quarterly, 31, 278–290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2013.10.011. CrossRef
Verhulst, S., & Young, A. (2016). Open data impact, when demand and supply meet. Key findings of the open data impact case studies. Available at: http://odimpact.org/static/files/open-data-impact-key-findings.pdf. Accessed 1 July 2018.
Wijnhoven, F., Ehrenhard, M., & Kuhn, J. (2015). Open government objectives and participation motivations. Government Information Quarterly, 32, 30–42. CrossRef
Yu, H., & Robinson, D. (2012). The new ambiguity of “open government”. Princeton CITP/Yale ISP Working Paper. Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2012489. Accessed 2 July 2018.
Zuiderwijk, A., & Janssen, M. (2014). Open data policies, their implementation and impact: A framework for comparison. Government Information Quarterly, 31, 17–29. CrossRef
- Empowering Communities and Improving Public Services Through Open Data: South African Local Government Perspective
Bwalya Kelvin Joseph