Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter is dedicated to fertility in Russia, in particular the probability of giving birth to the first child among women of fertile age (15–49) in 2000–2014 (the births of the higher order are investigated in Chap. 6). After a discussion of historical trends in fertility rates in Russia and of the theoretical background to childbirth determinants, we study the most important individual characteristics in women associated with a higher probability of having a first child. Second, we focus on a sub-sample of women living with a partner in registered or non-registered marriages and investigate whether the impact of individual characteristics changes when a partner’s characteristics are introduced into the set of explanatory characteristics. Third, recalling the transitional nature of the period under consideration, we address the role of uncertainty and insecurity on decisions to give birth. While in the Soviet period holding a job was not only a right but an obligation, unemployment and non-standard (e.g. temporary) employment appeared after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The share of temporary and part-time jobs has been expanding in Russia since the mid-1990s. To investigate the role of objective and subjective insecurity in the labour market on the probability of a first child birth, we extend the set of explanatory variables with type of contract, tenure, size of the enterprise, fear of losing a job and other characteristics.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adsera, A. (2005). Vanishing children: From high unemployment to low fertility in developed countries. American Economic Review, 95(2), 189–193. CrossRef
Adsera, A. (2011). Where are the babies? Labor market conditions and fertility in Europe. European Journal of Population, 21(1), 1–32. CrossRef
Adsera, A., & Menendez, A. (2011). Fertility changes in Latin America in the context of economic uncertainty. Population Studies, 65(1), 37–56. CrossRef
Ashwin, S., & Yakubovich, V. (2005). Cherchez la Femme: Women as supporting actors in the Russian labour market. European Sociological Review, 21(2), 149–164. CrossRef
Attwood, L. (1996). The post-soviet woman in the move to the market: A return to domesticity and dependence? In Women in Russia and Ukraine (pp. 255–266).
Avdeeva, M. (2010). Implementations of the French policy measures in Russia. In N. Schleinstein, D. Sucker, A. Wenninger, & A. Wilde (Eds.), Family patterns and demographic development (pp. 67–74). Social Sciences Eastern Europe: GESIS Leibniz Institut for the Social Sciences.
Bergmann, A., & Mertens, A. (2011). Job stability trends, lay-offs, and transitions to unemployment in West Germany. Labour, 25(4), 421–446. CrossRef
Bernardi, L., Klärner, A., & Von der Lippe, H. (2008). Job insecurity and the timing of parenthood: A comparison between eastern and western Germany. European Journal of Population/Revue Européenne de Démographie, 24(3), 287–313. CrossRef
Blossfeld, H. P., Klijzing, E., Mills, M., & Kurz, K. (Eds.) (2006). Globalization, uncertainty and youth in society: The losers in a globalizing world. Routledge. London.
Boyce, A. S., Ryan, A. M., Imus, A. L., & Morgeson, F. P. (2007). Temporary worker, permanent loser? A model of the stigmatization of temporary workers. Journal of Management, 33, 5–29. CrossRef
Cerami, A. (2010). Happiness and socio-economic transformations in the Russian federation. In B. Greve (Ed.), Social policy and happiness in Europe. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar
Ciganda, D. (2015). Unstable work histories and fertility in France: An adaptation of sequence complexity measures to employment trajectories. Demographic Research, 32(28), 843–876. CrossRef
Erlinghagen, M. (2006). Job stability, mobility and labour market restructuring. Evidence from German Microdata. Management Revue, 17(4), 372–394.
Giesecke, J. (2009). Socio-economic risks of atypical employment relationships: Evidence from the German labor market. European Sociological Review, 25, 629–646. CrossRef
Gimpelson, V. E., & Oshchepkov, A. Y. (2012). Does more unemployment cause more fear of unemployment? IZA Journal of Labor & Development, 1(6), 1–26.
Goldstein, J., Lutz, W., & Testa, M. R. (2003). The emergence of subreplacement family size ideals in Europe. Population Research and Policy Review, 22, 479–496. CrossRef
Grogan, L. (2006). An economic examination of the post-transition fertility decline in Russia. Post-Communist Economies, 18(4), 363–397. CrossRef
Farber, H. S. (1997). The changing face of job loss in the United States, 1981–1995. Brookings papers: Microeconomics, 55–142.
Farber, H. S. (1999). Mobility and stability: The dynamics of job change in labor markets. In O. C. Ashenfelter & D. Card (Eds.), Handbook of labor economics (Vol. 3B, pp. 2439–2484). North Holland: Amsterdam.
Houseman, S. N., & Osawa, M. (2003). The growth of nonstandard employment in Japan and the United States. In S. N. Houseman & M. Osawa (Eds.), Nonstandard work in developed economies: Causes and consequences (pp. 175–214). Kalamazoo: W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Kalleberg, A. L. (2000). Nonstandard employment relations: Part-time, temporary, and contract work. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 341–365. CrossRef
Kalleberg, A. L. (2011). Good and bad jobs: The rise of polarized and precarious employment systems in the United States, 1970s–2000s. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Kaneko, R. (2004). Shoushika no jinkougaku mekanizumu [The demographic mechanism of low birth rates]. In Ohbuchi, H., & S. Takahashi (Eds.), Shoushika no jinkougaku [The demographics of low birth rates] (pp.15–36). Hara Shobo.
Kapeliushnikov, R., Gimpelson, V. E., Brown, D., Earle, J., Lehmann, H. (2006). Nonstandart forms and measures of employment and unemployment in transition: A comparative study of Estonia, Romania and Russia. The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies,48(3), 435–457.
Karabchuk, T. (2012a). Temporary employment in Russia: Why mostly men? The European Journal of Comparative Economics, 9(2), 279–303.
Karabchuk, T. (2012b) Informal employment in Russia: Why is it so sustainable? Economic Sociology – The European Electronic Newsletter, 13(2), 29–36.
Karabchuk, T. (2012c). Part-time and temporary workers in Russia: Winners or losers? Journal for Labour Market Research, 45(1), 23–39.
Karabchuk, T., Mironova, A., & Remezkova, V. (2015). Vtorie i posleduyushchie rozhdenia v Rossii. Voprosi Economiki, 6 (in Russian).
Kohler, H. P., Billari, F. C., & Ortega, J. A. (2006). Low fertility in Europe: Causes, implications and policy options. In F. R. Harris (Eds.), The baby bust: Who will do the work? Who will pay the taxes? (pp.48–109). Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.
Kreyenfeld, M., & Konietzka, D. (2004). Angleichung oder Verfestigung von Differenzen? Geburtenentwicklung und Familienformen in Ost-und Westdeutschland, (No. WP-2004-025). Rostock: Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research.
Kreyenfeld, M., Andersson, G., & Pailhé, A. (2012). Economic uncertainty and family dynamics in Europe: Introduction. Demographic Research, 27, 835–852. CrossRef
Kumo, K. (2012). Determinants of childbirth in Russia: A micro-data approach. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 53(1), 49–69.
Maleva, S. & Sinyavskaya O. (2007a). Socialno-ekonomicheskie factori rozhdaemosti v rossii: empiricheskie izmerenia i vizovi socialnoi politike. Collection of analytical articles. №1. ed by T. Maleva and O. Sinyavskaya. M.: NISP (pp. 171–217) (in Russian).
Myrskylä, M., Kohler, H. P., & Billari, F. C. (2009). Advances in development reverse fertility declines. Nature, 460(7256), 741–743. CrossRef
Ogloblin, C., & Brock, G. (2005). Wage determination in urban Russia: Underpayment and the gender differential. Economic Systems, 29(3), 325–343. CrossRef
Oppenheimer, V. K., Kalmijn, M., & Lim, N. (1997). Men’s career development and marriage timing during a period of rising inequality. Demography, 34(3), 311–330. CrossRef
Perelli-Harris, B., & Gerber, T. P. (2011). Nonmarital childbearing in Russia: Second demographic transition or pattern of disadvantage? Demography, 48(1), 317–342. CrossRef
Roschin, S. Yu., & Roschina, Ya. M. (2007). Zaklyuchenie i rastorzhenie braka v sovremennoy Rossii: mikroekonomicheskiy analiz. Mir Rossii. – T. 16. – #. 4. – S. 113–147 (in Russian).
Roshina. (2006). Modelirovanie factorov veroyatnosti imet rebenka v Rossii . SPERO, 5, 98–133 (in Russian).
Roshina, Ya. & Cherkasova A. (2009). Differenciacia factorov rozhdaemosti dlya raznih socialno economicheskih grup zhenshchin. SPERO, 10 159–180 (in Russian).
Roshina, Ya. M., & Boikov, A.V. (2006). Faktory fertil’nosti v sovremennoi Rossii. Moscow: EERC (in Russian).
Rosstat. (2008) . Semia v Rossii. Statisticheski sbornik. Rosstat. – M. (p. 310) (in Russian).
Schmieder, J. F., von Wachter, T., & Bender, S. (2009). The long-term impact of job displacement in Germany during the 1982 recession on earnings, income and employment. Columbia University Department of Economics Discussion Paper Series No. 0910-07.
Secret, M., & Green, R. G. (1998). Occupational status differences among three groups of married mothers. Journal of Women and Social Work, 13, 47–70. CrossRef
Sinyavskaya, S. & Suhova A. (2009). Institusionalnie uslugi po uhodu za detmi: Neravenstvo dostupa: Unequal access. Collection of analytical articles “Family is in the center of demographic policies” NISP, (p. 73–96) (in Russian).
Sobotka, T. (2004). Is lowest-low fertility in Europe explained by the postponement of childbearing? Population and Development Review, 30(2), 195–220.
Sousa-Poza, A. (2004). Job stability and job security: A comparative perspective on Switzerland’s experience in the 1990s. European Journal of Industrial Relations, 10(1), 31–49. CrossRef
Swader, C. (2013). The capitalist personality: Face-to-face sociality and economic change in the post-communist world (238 p). Routledge.
UNDP. (2008). Demographic policy in Russia: From reection to action. Tech. rep., UNDP.
Vishnevskii, A. G. (2006). Demograficheskaya modernizatsiya Rossii 1900–2000, Novoe izdatel’stvo, Moscow. (in Russian).
Yu, W.-h. (2012). Better off jobless?: Scarring effects of contingent employment in Japan. Social Forces, 90, 735–768. CrossRef
Zakharov, S. (2008). Russian federation: From the first to second demographic transition. Demographic Research, 19(24), 907–972. CrossRef
Zakharov, S. (2012). Rost rozhdaemosti v 2007-2010: est li prichini dlia optimzma?: Cause for optimism? Demoscope Weekly, 495–496 (In Russian). http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2012/0495/tema01.php
Zudina, A. (2013). Do informal workers make an underclass? An analysis of subjective social status. Working papers by NRU Higher School of Economics. Series SOC “Sociology”. No. 24/SOC/2013.
- Fertility and Uncertainty in Modern Russia
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta