Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Informal entrepreneurship has been for a long time a major lifeline for many living in rural and urban economies in developing countries especially in sub-Saharan Africa and more particularly Ghana. Formalising the informal economy has become prominent within development circles but there has been no clear policy direction from the formal institutions in terms of their role in formalising informal entrepreneurship. This chapter seeks to evaluate critically the role of formal institutions in formalising entrepreneurship in the informal economy in Ghana. Formal institutions are seen as strategic leaders in this endeavour but they are also perceived as enemies of formalisation since they profit from the current bureaucratic impediments as informal entrepreneurs try to formalise their operations.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adom, K. (2014). Beyond the marginalization thesis: An examination of the motivations of informal entrepreneurs in Sub-Saharan Africa: Insights from Ghana. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 15(2), 113–125. CrossRef
Adom, K., & Williams, C. C. (2012). Evaluating the explanations for the informal economy in third world cities: Some evidence from Koforidua in the Eastern Region of Ghana. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 8(3), 309–324. CrossRef
Adu-Amankwah, K. (2015). Foreword. In J. Assens & E. Tabor (Eds.), Paving the way for formalisation of the informal economy. Copenhagen: LO/FTF Council.
Asamoah, K. (2015). Perspective and priorities for social dialogue with employers and government of Ghana. In J. Assens & E. Tabor (Eds.), Paving the way for formalisation of the informal economy (pp. 10–11). Copenhagen: LO/FTF Council.
De Soto, H. (1989). The other path. London: Harper and Row.
Croucher, R. (2007). Organising the Informal Economy: Results and Prospects – the Case of Ghana inComparative Perspective. In Wood, G and Chris, B., In Industrial Relations in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan ltd.
Debrah, Y. A. (2007). Promoting the informal sector as a source of gainful employment in developing countries: Insights from Ghana. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 18(6), 1063–1084.
Government of Ghana. (2015). National employment policy. Accra: Creative Alliance.
Hart, K. (2006). Bureaucratic form and the informal economy. In B. Guha-Khasnobis, R. Kanbur, & E. Ostrom (Eds.), Linking the formal and informal economy concepts and policies (pp. 21–34). Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Hawkes, C., & Popkin, B. M. (2015). Can the sustainable development goals reduce the burden of nutrition-related non-communicable diseases without truly addressing major food system reforms? BMC Medicine, 13(1), 143. CrossRef
ILO. (2002a). Effect to be given to resolutions adopted by the International Labour Conference at its 90th Session (2002), (b) Resolution concerning decent work and 25 the informal economy; Governing Body, 285th Session, Seventh item on the agenda. Geneva, doc. GB.285/7/2.
ILO. (2002b). Decent work and the informal economy. Geneva: International Labour Organization.
ILO. (2009). The informal economy in Africa: Promoting transition to formality: Challenges and strategies. International Labour Organisation. Geneva: International Labour Office.
ILO. (2015). Academy on formalisation of the informal economy. International Labour Organisation. Geneva: ITC.
ILO. (2016). Way out of informality: Facilitating fromalisation of informal economy in South Asia. International Labour Organisation. Co-Dhaka, ILO Country Office.
Palmer, R. (2007). Skills for work?: From skills development to decent livelihoods in Ghana’s rural informal economy. International Journal of Educational Development, 27(4), 397–420. CrossRef
Portes, A. (1994). The informal economy and its paradoxes. In N. J. Smelser & R. Swedberg (Eds.), The handbook of economic sociology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Sauka, A., Schneider, F., & Williams, C. C. (Eds.). (2016). Entrepreneurship and the shadow economy: A European perspective. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Small Business Council. (2004). Small business in the informal economy: Making the transition to the formal economy. London: Small Business Council.
United Nations. (2015). Sustainable development goals, Sixty-ninth Session. New York.
Williams, C. C. (2007). The nature of entrepreneurship in the informal sector: Evidence from England. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 12(02), 239–254
Williams, C. C. (2009a). The motives of off-the-books entrepreneurs: Necessity-or opportunity-driven? International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 5(2), 203–217. CrossRef
Williams, C. C. (2009b). Beyond legitimate entrepreneurship: The prevalence of off-the-books entrepreneurs in Ukraine. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 22(1), 55–68. CrossRef
Williams, C. C. (2014). Tackling enterprises operating in the informal sector in developing and transition economies: A critical evaluation of the neo-liberal policy approach. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, 4(1), 1–17. CrossRef
Williams, C. C. (2015). Out of the margins: Classifying economies by the prevalence and character of employment in the informal economy. International Labour Review, 154(3), 331–352. CrossRef
Williams, C. C., & Gurtoo, A. (Eds.). (2017). Routledge handbook of entrepreneurship in developing economies. London: Routledge.
Williams, C. C., & Horodnic, I. A. (2015). Self-employment, the informal economy and the marginalisation thesis: some evidence from the European Union. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 21(2), 224–242. CrossRef
Williams, C. C., & Horodnic, I. A. (2016). Cross-country variations in the participation of small businesses in the informal economy: an institutional asymmetry perspective. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 23(1), 3–24. CrossRef
Williams, C. C., & Shahid, M. (2016). Informal entrepreneurship and institutional theory: explaining the varying degrees of (in)formalisation of entrepreneurs in Pakistan. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 28(1–2), 1–25.
Williams, C. C., & Windebank, J. (1998). Informal employment in the advanced economies: Implications for work and welfare. London: Routledge.
Williams, C. C., & Youssef, Y. (2015). Theorizing entrepreneurship in the informal sector in urban Brazil: A product of exclusion or exit? Journal of Entrepreneurship, 24(2), 148–168. CrossRef
Williams, C. C., Shahid, M., & Martinez, A. (2016). Determinants of the level of informality of informal micro-enterprises: Some evidence from the city of Lahore, Pakistan. World Development, 84, 312–325. CrossRef
- Formalisation of Entrepreneurship in the Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa and the Role of Formal Institutions: An Analysis of Ghana’s Experience
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Neuer Inhalt/© julien tromeur | Fotolia