Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Feral swine (wild hogs) are one of the most widely distributed free-ranging mammals in the world. In the United States, feral swine serve as game animals for the sport of hunting in some areas, while they are nuisance species at other locations. Increasing feral swine populations creates negative impacts to growing crops, native plant communities, and wildlife. Feral swine can also serve as reservoirs for a number of bacterial and viral diseases that can infect wild animals, livestock, and humans. The US state governments are adopting statutes and regulations to reduce the growth and dispersal of feral swine populations. An analysis of these provisions suggests that while they seek to control feral swine populations, they are unlikely to provide any significant relief from damages to crops and native ecosystems. More localized reduction plans and a national disease control program are suggested to assuage damages being wrought by these invasive animals.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Adams, C.E., B.J. Higginbotham, D.R. Rollins, R.B. Taylor, R. Skiles, M. Mapston, and S. Turman. 2005. Regional perspectives and opportunities for feral hog management in Texas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33: 1312–1320. CrossRef
Benjamin, L., E.R. Atwill, J. Jay-Russell, M. Cooley, D. Carychao, L. Gorski, and R.E. Mandrell. 2013. Occurrence of generic Escherichia coli, E. coli O157 and Salmonella spp. in water and sediment from leafy green produce farms and streams on the central California coast. International Journal of Food Microbiology 165: 65–76. CrossRef
Caldwell County Feral Hog Task Force. 2013. Task Force announces details for feral hog bounty, food bank donations and additional feral swine management programs set for Caldwell and Hays County, TX. Lockhart, TX: Caldwell County.
Campbell, T.A., and D.B. Long. 2009. Feral swine damage and damage management in forested ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 2319-2326. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://plumcreek.tamu.edu/media/22153/21Oct2013_CCFHTF_PressRelease.pdf.
Campbell, T.A., S.J. Lapidge, and D.B. Long. 2006. Using baits to deliver pharmaceuticals to feral swine in southern Texas. Wildlife Society Bulletin 34: 1184–1189. CrossRef
Carson, R. 2013. “Boared” to death: Rooting out the feral hog issue in Texas. Texas Tech Administrative Law Journal 14: 421–444.
CDC. 2009. Brucella suis infection associated with feral swine hunting—Three states, 2007–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 58: 618–621.
Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Undated. Wild hog hunting. Atlanta: CDC. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/brucellosis/pdf/brucellosis_and_hoghunters.pdf.
Center for Food Security and Public Health. 2009. Bovine Brucellosis: Brucella abortus. Ames, IA: Iowa State University. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/brucellosis_abortus.pdf.
Commonwealth of Australia. 2006. Threat abatement plan for predation, habitat degradation, competition and disease transmission by feral pigs. Federal Register of Legislative Instruments F2005L02259.
Corn, J.L., J.C. Cumbee, R. Barfoot, and G.A. Erickson. 2009. Pathogen exposure in freal swine populations geographically associated with high densities of transitional swine premises and commercial swine production. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 45: 713–721. CrossRef
Dart, T. 2013. An ‘aporkalypse’ has Texas fighting losing battle against feral pig menace. The Guardian (UK), 22 Aug 2013.
Eason, C.T., E.C. Murphy, S. Hix, and D.B. MacMorran. 2010. Development of a new humane toxin for predator control in New Zealand. Integrative Zoology 1: 31–36. CrossRef
Elsey, R.M., E.C. Mouton Jr., and N. Kinler. 2012. Effects of feral swine ( Sus scrofa) on alligator ( Alligator mississippiensis) nests in Louisiana. Southeastern Naturalist 11: 205–218. CrossRef
Engeman, R.M., A. Duffiney, S. Braem, C. Olsen, B. Constantin, P. Small, K.J. Dunlap, and J.C. Griffin. 2010. Dramatic and immediate improvements in insular nesting success for threatened sea turtles and shorebirds following predator management. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 395: 147–152. CrossRef
Engeman, R.M., A. Stevens, J. Allen, J. Dunlap, M. Daniel, D. Teague, and B.U. Constantin. 2007. Feral swine management for conservation of an imperiled wetland habitat: Florida's vanishing seepage slopes. Biological Conservation 134: 440–446.
Fogarty, E.P. 2007. National distribution of feral hogs and related stakeholder attitudes. M.S. Thesis, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, 1–88.
Hamrick, B., M. Smith, C. Jaworowski, and B. Strickland. 2011. A landowner’s guide for wild pig management: Practical methods for wild pig control. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University Extension Service & Alabama Cooperative Extension System 1–44.
Hayes, R., S. Riffell, R. Minnis, and B. Holder. 2009. Survival and habitat use of feral hogs in Mississippi. Southeastern Naturalist 8: 411–426. CrossRef
Heger, T., A.T. Pahl, Z. Botta-Dukát, F. Gherardi, C. Hoppe, I. Hoste, K. Jax, L. Lindström, et al. 2013. Conceptual frameworks and methods for advancing invasion ecology. AMBIO 42: 527–540. CrossRef
Higginbotham, B. 2013. Wild pig damage abatement education and applied research activities. Overton, TX: Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension.
Holsman, R.H., J. Petchenik, and E.E. Cooney. 2010. CWD after “the fire”: Six reasons why hunters resisted Wisconsin’s eradication. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 15: 180–193. CrossRef
Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 2013. Feral hogs in Illinois. Springfield, IL: Division of Wildlife Resources.
Iowa Administrative Code. 2013. Chapter 77.
Jay, M.T., M. Cooley, D. Carychao, G.W. Wiscomb, R.A. Switzer, L. Crawford-Miksza, J.A. Farra, D.K. Lau, et al. 2007. Escherichia coli O157:H7 in feral swine near spinach fields and cattle, central California coast. Emerging Infectious Diseases 13: 1908–1911. CrossRef
Jay-Russell, M.T., A. Bates, L. Hardin, W.G. Miller, and R.E. Mandrell. 2012. Isolation of campylobacter from feral swine ( Sus scrofa) on the ranch associated with the 2006 Escherichia coli O157:H7 spinach outbreak investigation in California. Zoonoses and Public Health 59: 314–319. CrossRef
Kammermeyer, K., J. Bowers, B. Cooper, D. Forster, K. Grahl, T. Holbrook, C. Martin, S. McDonald, et al. 2011. Feral hogs in Georgia: Disease and control. Atlanta, GA: Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
Koichi, K., A. Cottrell, K.K. Sangha, and I.J. Gordon. 2013. What determines the acceptability of wildlife control methods? A case of feral pig management in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, Australia. Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal 18: 97–108. CrossRef
Krull, C.R., D. Choquenot, B.R. Burns, and M.C. Stanley. 2013. Feral pigs in a temperate rainforest ecosystem: Disturbance and ecological impacts. Biological Invasions 15: 2193–2204. CrossRef
Lapidge, S., J. Wishart, L. Staples, K. Fagerstone, T. Campbell, and J. Eisemann. 2012. Development of a feral swine toxic bait (HOG-GONE) and bait hopper (HOGHOPPER) in Australia and the USA. In Proceedings of the 14th wildlife damage management conference, 19–24.
Leiser, O.P., J.L. Corn, B.S. Schmit, P.S. Keim, and J.T. Foster. 2013. Feral swine brucellosis in the United States and prospective genomic techniques for disease epidemiology. Veterinary Microbiology 166: 1–10. CrossRef
Mapston, M.E. 2004. Feral hogs in Texas. Texas A&M AgriLife Extension, B-6149, 1–27. San Antonio, TX: Wildlife Services.
Morthland, J., and W. McSpadden. 2011. A plague of pigs. Smithsonian 42: 52–60.
Musante, A.R., K. Pedersen, and P. Hall. 2014. First reports of pseudorabies and winter ticks ( Dermacentor albipictus) associated with an emerging feral swine ( Sus scrofa) population in New Hampshire. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50: 121–124. CrossRef
New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated. 2013. Sections 467:3, 467:5.
New York Department of Environmental Conservation. 2013. Taking of free-ranging Eurasian boars and interference with department authorized eradication efforts. New York State Register XXXV: 4–5.
New York Environmental Conservation Law. 2013. Section 11-0514.
New Zealand Ministerial Panel. 2008. Managing numbers of deer, chamois, tahr and wild pigs. Hutt: New Zealand Ministerial Panel.
Oklahoma Statutes. 2013. Title 2, section 6-614; Title 29, sections 4-107.2, 4-135.
Olsen, S.C. 2010. Brucellosis in the United States: Role and significance of wildlife reservoirs. Vaccine 28S: F73–F76. CrossRef
Pennsylvania Game Commission. 2013. Wildlife; Feral Swine and Wild Boar Eradication. 43 Pennsylvania Bulletin 2039. Meadville: Pennsylvania Game Commission.
Pennsylvania Statutes Annotated. 2013. Section 2390.
Pimental, D. 2007. Environmental and economic costs of vertebrate species invasions into the United States. In Proceedings of an international symposium on Managing Vertebrate Invasive Species, 2–8. Fort Collins, CO: USDA/APHIS Wildlife Services.
Plasters, B.C., C. Hicks, R. Gates, and M. Titchenell. 2013. Feral swine in Ohio: Managing damage and conflicts. Ohio State University Extension W-26-13, 1–6. Columbus: Ohio State University.
Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. 2013. Class 2 Declared Animals. Brisbane. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.daff.qld.gov.au/plants/weeds-pest-animals-ants/pest-animals/declared-animals/class-2. Accessed 07 March 2014.
Queensland Parliamentary Council. 2013. Land Protection (Pest and Stock Route Management) Act 2002. Brisbane. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/SUPERSED/L/LandPrPSRMA02_130923_unauth.pdf.
Responsive Management/National Shooting Sports Foundation. 2008. The future of hunting and the shooting sports: Research-based recruitment and retention strategies, 1–261. Harrisonburg, VA: Responsive Management/National Shooting Sports Foundation. Retrieved March 7, 2014, from http://www.responsivemanagement.com/download/reports/Future_Hunting_Shooting_Report.pdf.
Seward, N.W., K.C. VerCauteren, G.W. Witmer, and R.M. Engeman. 2004. Feral swine impacts on agriculture and the environment. Sheep & Goat Research Journal 19: 34–40.
Sharp, T. 2012a. PIG001: Trapping of feral pigs. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Government and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences.
Sharp, T. 2012b. PIG002: Aerial shooting of feral pigs. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Government and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences.
Sharp, T. 2012c. PIG003: Ground shooting of feral pigs. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Government and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences.
Sharp, T. 2012d. PIG004: Use of Judas pigs. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Government and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences.
Sharp, T. 2012e. PIG005: Poisoning of feral pigs with sodium fluoroacetate (1080). Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Government and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences.
Sharp, T. 2013. GEN001: Methods of euthanasia. Canberra: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Government and Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences.
Sharp, T., and G. Saunders. 2012. Model code of practice for the humane control of feral pigs, 1–15. Canberra: Australian Department of Sustainability Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
Shaw, A. 2013. Feral hogs uprooting sugar cane, rice fields, levees across south Louisiana. The Times- Picayune, 07 Dec. 2013.
Siemann, E., J.A. Carrillo, C.A. Gabler, R. Zipp, and W.E. Rogers. 2009. Experimental test of the impacts of feral hogs on forest dynamics and processes in the southeastern US. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 546–553. CrossRef
Texas Administrative Code. 2013. Title 31, section 65.152.
Timmons, J.B., B. Alldredge, W.E. Rogers, and J.C. Cathey. 2012a. Feral hogs negatively affect native plant communities. Texas A&M AgriLIFE, SP-467. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University.
Timmons, J.B., B. Higginbotham, R. Lopez, J.C. Cathey, J. Mellish, J. Griffin, A. Sumrall, and K. Skow. 2012b. Feral hog population growth, density and harvest in Texas. Texas A&M AgriLIFE, SP-472. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University.
US Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2005. Feral/wild pigs: Potential problems for farmers and hunters. Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 799. Washington: USDA.
US Department of Interior. 2013. 2011 National survey of fishing, hunting, and wildlife-associated recreation, 1–172. Washington: US Fish and Wildlife Service and US Department of Commerce.
USDA 2012. National bovine brucellosis surveillance plan. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health National Surveillance Unit, 1–22. Washington: USDA.
USDA. 2013a. Feral swine: Damage and disease threats. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Program Aid No. 2086. Washington: USDA.
USDA. 2013b. Environmental impact statement; feral swine damage management. Federal Register 78: 27937–27939.
USDA. 2013c. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Feral Swine Damage Management Environmental Impact Statement Public Scoping Meeting, 149. Riverdale, MD: USDA. Retrieved March 3, 2014, from http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2013-0031.
USDA. 2013d. 2012 Feral Swine Management Report. USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service and Wildlife Services. Riverdale, Washington: USDA.
van Campen, H., and J. Rhyan. 2010. The role of wildlife in diseases of cattle. Veterinary clinics of North America: Food animal practice 26: 147–161.
West Virginia Code. 2013. Section 20-2-5a.
Wildlife Society. 2012. 2012 annual state summary report: Wild hog working group, 1–47. Bethesda, MD: Wildlife Society.
Witmer, G.W., R.B. Sanders, and A.C. Taft. 2003. Feral swine—Are they a disease threat to livestock in the United States? Proceedings of the Wildlife Damage Management Conference 10: 316–325.
Wyckoff, A.C., S.E. Henke, T.A. Campbell, D.G. Hewitt, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2012. Movement and habitat use of feral swine near domestic swine facilities. Wildlife Society Bulletin 36: 130–138. CrossRef
- Governmental Provisions to Manage and Eradicate Feral Swine in Areas of the United States
Terence J. Centner
Rebecca M. Shuman
- Springer Netherlands