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Covers in a comprehensive fashion all aspects of cosmic hazards and possible strategies for contending with these threats through a comprehensive planetary defense strategy. This handbook brings together in a single reference work a rich blend of information about the various types of cosmic threats that are posed to human civilization by asteroids, comets, bolides, meteors, solar flares and coronal mass ejections, cosmic radiation and other types of threats that are only recently beginning to be understood and studied, such as investigation of the “cracks” in the protective shield provided by the Van Allen belts and the geomagnetosphere, of matter-antimatter collisions, orbital debris and radiological or biological contamination. Some areas that are addressed involve areas about which there is a good deal of information that has been collected for many decades by multiple space missions run by many different space agencies, observatories and scientific researchers. Other areas involving research and studies that have only recently gotten underway are discussed by some of the world’s foremost experts in each of these areas, who provide up-to-date and scientifically verifiable information. Although much of the work in these various areas have been conducted by space agencies, an expanding range of work is also being carried out by observatories, by universities and other research centers, and even by private foundations and professional organizations. The purpose of this work is thus several-fold: to include the latest information and most systematic research from around the world in a single reference work; to note where there are significant gaps in knowledge where new research, spacecraft, observatories, or other initiatives are needed to fill in critical missing information; and to give the best possible information about preventative actions that might be taken against cosmic threats and identify various alternative strategies that are now under way or planned to cope with these various threats.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Introduction

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Introduction to the Handbook of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense

Joseph N. Pelton, Firooz Allahdadi

Solar Flares

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Solar Flares

Frederick M. Jonas

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Solar Flares and Impact on Earth

Mikhail Ya. Marov, Vladimir D. Kuznetsov

Coronal Mass Ejections

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Coronal Mass Ejections

Maher A. Dayeh

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Fundamental Aspects of Coronal Mass Ejections

Carlos Alexandre Wuensche

Sun and Solar Wind Monitors

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Early Solar and Heliophysical Space Missions

Joseph N. Pelton

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

NASA Wind Satellite (1994)

Adam Szabo

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) (1995)

B. Fleck, O. C. St. Cyr

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)

W. Dean Pesnell

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

STEREO as a ‘Planetary Hazards’ Mission

M. Guhathakurta, B. J. Thompson

The Earth’s Natural Protective Systems and the Van Allen Belts

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Earth’s Natural Protective System: Van Allen Radiation Belts

Sayavur I. Bakhtiyarov

Cosmic Radiation

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Basics of Solar and Cosmic Radiation and Hazards

Joseph N. Pelton

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Medical Concerns with Space Radiation and Radiobiological Effects

Tore Straume

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Solar Radiation and Spacecraft Shielding

David F. Medina

Geomagnetic Storm and Substorm Missions

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cluster Technical Challenges and Scientific Achievements

C. P. Escoubet, A. Masson, H. Laakso, M. G. G. T. Taylor, J. Volpp, D. Sieg, M. Hapgood, M. L. Goldstein

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

IMAGE Mission: Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration

James L. Green

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

International Sun Earth Explorers 1 & 2

C. T. Russell

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

ISAS-NASA GEOTAIL Satellite (1992)

A. Nishida, Toshifumi Mukai

The NOAA Space Weather Program

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Dashboard Display of Solar Weather

Su-Yin Tan

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

NOAA Satellites and Solar Backscatter Ultra Violet (SBUV) Subsystems NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Solar Backscatter Ultra Violet (SBUV) SBUV Solar Backscatter Ultra Violet (SBUV)

Su-Yin Tan

Micrometeorites, Asteroids, and Comets

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

Frederick M. Jonas, Firooz Allahdadi

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Key Reports on Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense Issues and Initiatives

Joseph N. Pelton

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Deep Impact and Related Missions

Michael F. A’Hearn, Lindley N. Johnson

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission

Michele Gates, Lindley N. Johnson

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

OSIRIS-REx Asteroid Sample-Return Mission

Dante S. Lauretta

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Sentinel: A Space Telescope Program to Create a 100-Year Asteroid Impact Warning

Harold J. Reitsema, Edward T. Lu

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Space-Based Infrared Discovery and Characterization of Minor Planets with NEOWISE

A. Mainzer, J. Bauer, T. Grav, R. Cutri, J. Masiero, R. S. McMillan, C. Nugent, S. Sonnett, R. Stevenson, R. Walker, E. Wright

Ground-Based Discovery Efforts

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

European Operational Initiative on NEONear Earth Object (NEO) Hazard Monitoring

Simonetta Di Pippo, Ettore Perozzi

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

NEO Near-Earth Objects (NEO) NEO Near-Earth Objects (NEO) Discovery and Follow-up Surveys

Donald K. Yeomans

Impact Risk Assessment and Estimation

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Impact Risk Estimation and Assessment Scales

Steve Chesley, Paul Chodas

Impact Consequences

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Airburst Airburst Modeling

Mark Boslough

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Water Impact Modelling

Souheil M. Ezzedine, Paul L. Miller

Information Resources

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Minor Planet CenterMinor Planet Center (MPC)

Gareth V. Williams, Timothy B. Spahr

Defending Against Planetary Threats

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Defending Against AsteroidsAsteroids and CometsComets

David P. S. Dearborn, Paul L. Miller

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

International Astronomical Union and the Neo Hazard

Karel A. van der Hucht, Johannes Andersen

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

NEOSHIELD - A Global Approach to Near-earth ObjectNEAR-EARTH OBJECT Impact ThreatIMPACT THREAT Mitigation

L. Drube, A. W. Harris, T. Hoerth, P. Michel, D. Perna, F. Schäfer

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

United Nation Activities

Joseph N. Pelton, Sergio Camacho-Lara

Mounting Hazards of Man-Made Threats in Space

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Hazard of Orbital Debris

Heiner Klinkrad

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Nature of the Threat / Historical Occurrence

Frederick M. Jonas

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Possible Institutional and Financial Arrangements for Active Removal of Orbital Space Debris

Joseph N. Pelton

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Potentially HazardHazard ous AsteroidsPotentially hazardous asteroids (PHAs) Asteroids and CometsComets

Frederick M. Jonas, Firooz Allahdadi

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Strategies to Prevent Radiological Damage from Debris

Curt Botts

Future of Planetary Defense

Frontmatter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Active Orbital Debris Removal Active orbital debris removal and the Sustainability of Space

Joyeeta Chatterjee, Joseph N. Pelton, Firooz Allahdadi

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Directed Energy for Planetary Defense

Philip Lubin, Gary B. Hughes

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Economic Challenges of Financing Planetary Defense

Henry R. Hertzfeld, Pierre-Alain Schieb

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

International Cooperation and Collaboration in Planetary Defense Efforts

Joseph N. Pelton

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

International Legal Consideration of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense

Fabio Tronchetti

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Major Gaps in International Planetary Defense Systems: Operation and Execution

Michael Potter

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Planetary Defense, Global Cooperation Global cooperation and World Peace

Michael K. Simpson

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Regulatory Aspects Associated with Response to Man-Made Cosmic Hazards

Ram S. Jakhu

2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Risk Management and Insurance Industry Perspective on Cosmic Hazards

Scott Ross

Backmatter

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