Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Based on ethnographic research in South Korea, this article investigates the gendered production of migrant rights under the global regime of temporary migration by examining two groups of Filipina women: factory workers and hostesses at American military camptown clubs. Emphasizing gendered labor processes and symbolic politics, this article offers an analytical framework to interrogate the mechanisms through which a discrepancy of rights is generated at the intersection of workplace organization and civil society mobilization. I identify two distinct labor regimes for migrant women that were shaped in the shadow of working men. Migrant women in the factories labored in the company of working men on the shop floor, which enabled them to form a co-ethnic migrant community and utilize the male-centered bonding between workers and employers. In contrast, migrant hostesses were isolated and experienced gendered stigma under the paternalistic rule of employers. Divergent forms of civil society mobilization in South Korea sustained these regimes: Migrant factory workers received recognition as workers without attention to gender-specific concerns while hostesses were construed as women victims in need of protection. Thus, Filipina factory workers were able to exercise greater labor rights by sharing the dignity of workers as a basis for their rights claims from which hostesses were excluded.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Bloemraad, Irene. 2006. Becoming a citizen in the United States and Canada: Structured mobilization and immigrant political incorporation. Social Forces 85(2): 667–695. CrossRef
Calavita, Kitty. 1998. Immigration, law, and marginalization in a global economy: Notes from Spain. Law and Society Review 32(3): 529–566. CrossRef
Chant, Sylvia, and Cathy McIlwaine. 1995. Women of a lesser cost: Female labor foreign exchange and Philippine development. London: Pluto Press.
Cheng, Catherine M., and Hae Yeon Choo. 2015. Women’s migration for domestic work and cross-border marriage in east and Southeast Asia: Reproducing domesticity, contesting citizenship. Sociology Compass 9(8): 654–667. CrossRef
Cheng, Sealing. 2010. On the move for love: Migrant entertainers and the U.S. military in South Korea. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Cheng, Sealing. 2011. Sexual protection, citizenship and nationhood: Prostituted women and migrant wives in South Korea. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37(10): 1627–1648. CrossRef
Choo, Hae Yeon. 2013. The cost of rights: Migrant women, feminist advocacy, and gendered morality in South Korea. Gender & Society 27(4): 445–468. CrossRef
Choo, Hae Yeon 2016. Selling fantasies of rescue: Intimate labor, Filipina migrant hostesses, and US GIs in a shifting global order. Positions: Asia Critique 24(1):179–203.
Chun, Jennifer J. 2009. Organizing at the margins: The symbolic politics of labor in South Korea and the United States. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Coutin, Susan B. 2000. Legalizing moves: Salvadoran immigrants’ struggle for US residency. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Constable, Nicole. 2014. Born out of place: Migrant mothers and the politics of international labor. Berkeley: University of California Press. CrossRef
De Genova, Nicholas P. 2002. Migrant “illegality” and deportability in everyday life. Annual Review of Anthropology 31: 419–447.
Gleeson, Shannon. 2009. From rights to claims: The role of civil society in making rights real for vulnerable workers. Law & Society Review 43(3): 669–700. CrossRef
Glenn, Evelyn N. 2011. Forced to care: Coercion and caregiving in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Goldring, Luin, Carolina Berinstein, and Judith K. Bernhard. 2009. Institutionalizing precarious migratory status in Canada. Citizenship Studies 13(3): 239–265. CrossRef
Gordon, Jennifer, and Robin A. Lenhardt. 2008. Rethinking work and citizenship. UCLA Law Review 55: 1161–1238.
Höhn, Maria, and Seungsook Moon, eds. 2010. Over there: Living with the U.S military empire from World War Two to the present. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette. 2008. God’s heart has no borders: How religious activists are working for immigrant rights. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kim, Denis. 2011. Catalyzers in the promotion of migrants’ rights: Church-based NGOs in South Korea. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37(10): 1649–1667. CrossRef
Kim, Hyun Mee. 2001. Work, nation and hypermasculinity: The “woman” question in the economic miracle and crisis in South Korea. Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 2(1): 53–68. CrossRef
Kim, Joon. 2003. Insurgency and advocacy: Unauthorized foreign workers and civil society in South Korea. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 12(3): 237–269. CrossRef
Kim, Seung-kyung. 2013. The Korean women’s movement and the state: Bargaining for change. New York: Routledge.
Koo, Hagen. 2001. Korean workers: The culture and politics of class formation. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Lamont, Michèle. 2002. The dignity of working men: Morality and the boundaries of race, class, and immigration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Lan, Pei-Chia. 2006. Global cinderellas: Migrant domestics and newly rich employers in Taiwan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press. CrossRef
Lan, Pei-Chia. 2007. Legal servitude and free illegality: Migrant “guest” workers in Taiwan. In Asian diasporas: New formations, new conceptions, Eds . Rhacel S. Parreñas and Lok C. D. Siu, 153–277. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Lee, Ching Kwan. 1998. Gender and the south China miracle: Two worlds of factory women. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Menjívar, Cecilia. 2006. Liminal legality: Salvadoran and Guatemalan immigrants’ lives in the United States. American Journal of Sociology 111(4): 999–1037. CrossRef
Ministry of Justice of South Korea. 2010. http://www.moj.go.kr. Accessed on 19 July 2014
Moon, Katharine. 1997. Sex among allies: Military prostitution in U.S.-Korea relations. New York: Columbia University Press.
Moon, Katharine. 1999. South Korean movements against militarized sexual labor. Asian Survey 39(2): 310–327. CrossRef
Moselina, Leopoldo. 1979. Olongapo’s rest and recreation industry: A sociological analysis of institutionalized prostitution—With implications for a grassroots-oriented sociology. Philippine Sociological Review 27(3): 181–193.
Otis, Eileen M. 2009. The dignity of working women: Service, sex, and the labor politics of localization in China’s City of eternal spring. American Behavioral Scientist 52(3): 356–376. CrossRef
Parreñas, Rhacel S. 2001. Transgressing the nation-state: The partial citizenship and “imagined (global) community” of migrant Filipina domestic workers. Signs 26(4): 1129–1154. CrossRef
Parreñas, Rhacel Salazar. 2010. Homeward bound: The circular migration of entertainers between Japan and the Philippines. Global Networks 10(3): 301–323. CrossRef
Parreñas, Rhacel S. 2011. Illicit flirtations: Labor, migration, and sex trafficking in Tokyo. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Roces, Mina. 2009. Prostitution, women’s movements and the victim narrative in the Philippines. Women's Studies International Forum. 32(4): 270–280. CrossRef
Rodriguez, Robyn Magalit. 2010. Migrants for export: How the Philippine state brokers labor to the world. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. CrossRef
Sturdevant, Saundra Pollock, and Brenda Stoltzfus. 1992. Let the good times roll: Prostitution and the US military in Asia. New York: New Press.
Seol, Dong-Hoon. 2005. Global dimensions in mapping the foreign labor policies of Korea: A comparative and functional analysis. Development and Society 34(1): 75–124.
Seol, Dong-Hoon, and John D. Skrentny. 2009. Why is there so little migrant settlement in East Asia? International Migration Review 43(3): 578–620. CrossRef
Seol, Dong-Hoon. 2012. The citizenship of foreign workers in South Korea. Citizenship Studies 16(1): 119–133. CrossRef
Walia, Harsha. 2010. Transient servitude: Migrant labor in Canada and the apartheid of citizenship. Race & Class 52(1): 71–84. CrossRef
Walsh, James. 2014. From nations of immigrants to states of transience: Temporary migration in Canada and Australia. International Sociology 29(6): 584–606. CrossRef
Yuh, Ji-Yeon. 2002. Beyond the shadow of camptown: Korean military brides in America. New York: New York University Press.
- In the Shadow of Working Men: Gendered Labor and Migrant Rights in South Korea
Hae Yeon Choo
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia