Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
One of the main challenges of aging societies is maintaining quality of life despite inevitable changes that occur in the lives of elderly people. This study examined the contribution of coping resources and coping patterns to successful aging among elderly persons following a decline in health and function. Data were collected from 262 elderly Israelis during two home interviews carried out at an interval of 12 months. Successful aging was assessed using a number of measures of subjective well-being. Predictive variables included change in health/functioning, coping resources, and coping patterns (proactive and reactive). Hierarchical regression analyses showed that the coping resources self-efficacy and social support and the proactive coping pattern of concrete planning positively predicted successful aging, while the proactive coping pattern deciding on preferences had a negative influence. These results indicate that elderly people have the ability to shape their quality of life in the presence of decline in health and functioning by using appropriate coping resources and coping patterns. Controlled interventions are recommended to help older people acquire and maintain effective resources and coping skills, thus further promoting their successful aging process.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Antonucci, T. C. (2001). Social relations: An examination of social networks, social support and sense of control. In J. E. Birren & E. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the psychology of aging. New York: Academic Press.
Aspinwall, L. (2005). The psychology of future-oriented thinking: From achievement to proactive coping, adaptation, and aging. Motivation & Emotion, 29(4), 203–235. CrossRef
Aspinwall, L., & Taylor, S. (1997). A stitch in time: Self-regulation and proactive coping. Psychological Bulletin, 121(3), 417–436. CrossRef
Atchley, R. C. (1971). Retirement and leisure participation: Continuity or crisis? The Gerontologist, 11(1), 13–17. CrossRef
Baltes, M. M. (1996). The many faces of dependency in old age. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Baltes, P. B., & Baltes, M. M. (1990). Psychological perspectives on successful aging: The model of selective optimization with compensation. In P. B. Baltes & M. M. Baltes (Eds.), Successful aging: Perspectives from the behavioral sciences. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Baltes, P. B., & Smith, J. (2003). New frontiers in the future of aging: From successful aging of the young old to the dilemmas of the fourth age. Gerontology, 49(2), 123–135. CrossRef
Bandura, A. (1997). Self Efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman & Company.
Benight, C. C., & Bandura, A. (2004). Social cognitive theory of posttraumatic recovery: The role of perceived self-efficacy. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 1129–1148. CrossRef
Bisschop, M. I., Kriegsman, D. M. W., Beekman, A. T. F., & Deeg, D. J. H. (2004). Chronic diseases and depression: The modifying role of psychosocial resources. Social Science and Medicine, 59(4), 721–733. CrossRef
Bode, C., De Ridder, D. J., Kuijer, R. G., & Bensing, J. M. (2007). Effects of an intervention promoting proactive coping competences in middle and late adulthood. The Gerontologist, 47(1), 42–51. CrossRef
Brandtstädter, J., & Renner, G. (1990). Tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment: Explication and age-related analysis of assimilation and accommodative strategies of coping. Psychology and Aging, 5(1), 58–67. CrossRef
Carmel, S. (2011). The will to live as an indicator of wellbeing and predictor of survival in old age. In L. Poon & J. Cohen-Mansfield (Eds.), Understanding well-being in the oldest-old. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Carmel, S., & Bernstein, J. (2003). Gender differences in physical health and psychosocial well being among four age-groups of elderly people in Israel. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 56(2), 113–131. CrossRef
Carmel, S., & Mutran, E. (1997). Wishes regarding the use of life-sustaining treatments among elderly persons in Israel: An exploratory model. Social Science and Medicine, 45(11), 1715–1727. CrossRef
Caro, F. G., Bass, S. A. & Chen, Y. P. (1993). Introduction: Achieving a productive aging society. In T. R. Cole, R. Kastenbaum, & R. E. Ray (Eds.), Handbook of Humanities and Aging (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Publishing Company (1999).
Cumming, E., & Henry, W. E. (1961). Growing old: The process of disengagement. New York: Basic Books.
Depp, C. A., & Jeste, D. V. (2006). Definitions and predictors of successful aging: A comprehensive review of larger quantitative studies. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 6–20. CrossRef
Diener, E., & Fujita, F. (1995). Resources, personal strivings, and subjective wellbeing: A nomothetic and idiographic approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(5), 926–935. CrossRef
Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., & Scollon, C. N. (2006). Beyond the hedonic treadmill. American Psychologist, 61(4), 305–314. CrossRef
Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). Personality, culture and subjective well-being: Emotional and cognitive evaluation of life. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 403–426. CrossRef
Dunkle, R., Roberts, B., & Haug, M. (2001). The oldest old in everyday life. New York: Springer.
Ebner, N. C., Freund, A. M., & Baltes, P. B. (2006). Developmental changes in personal goal orientation from young to late adulthood: From striving for gains to maintenance and prevention of loss. Psychology and Aging, 21, 664–678. CrossRef
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E., & McHugh, P. R. (1975). Mini-mental state: A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198. CrossRef
Freund, A. M., & Baltes, P. B. (1998). Selection, optimization and compensation as strategies of life management: Correlations with subjective indicators of successful aging. Psychology and Aging, 13(4), 531–543. CrossRef
Freund, A. M., & Baltes, P. B. (2002). Life-management strategies of selection, optimization and compensation measurement by self-report and construct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82(4), 642–662. CrossRef
Freund, A. M., & Riediger, M. (2001). What I have and what I do—The role of resource loss and gain throughout life. Applied Psychology, 50(3), 370–380. CrossRef
Gerstorf, D., Smith, J., & Baltes, P. B. (2006). A Systemic–Holistic approach to differential aging: Longitudinal findings from the Berlin aging study. Psychology and Aging, 21(4), 645–663. CrossRef
Greenglass, E. (2002). Proactive coping. In E. Frydenberg (Ed.), Beyond coping: Meeting goals, visions and challenges (pp. 37–62). London: Oxford University Press.
Greenglass, E. R., Schwarzer, R., & Taubert, S. (1999). The Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI): A multi-dimensional research instrument. Paper presented at the 20 th International Conference of the Stress & Anxiety Research Society (STAR), Cracow, Poland, 12–14 July. Available at www.psych.yorku.ca/greenglass/. Accessed 31 Oct 2012.
Havighurst, R. J. (1972). Development task and education (3rd ed.). New York: David McKay.
Jang, Y., Chiriboga, D. A., Lee, J., & Cho, S. (2009). Determinants of a sense of mastery in Korean American elders: A longitudinal assessment. Aging & Mental Health, 13(1), 99–105. CrossRef
Jonker, A., Comijs, H. C., Knipscheer, K., & Deeg, D. (2009). The role of coping resources on change in well-being during persistence health decline. Journal of Aging and Health, 21(8), 1063–1082. CrossRef
Jopp, D., & Rott, C. (2006). Adaptation in very old age: exploring the role of resources, beliefs, and attitudes for centenarians’ happiness. Psychology and Aging, 21(2), 266–280. CrossRef
Jopp, D., & Smith, J. (2006). Resources and life-management strategies as determinants of successful aging: On the protective effect of selection, optimization and compensation. Psychology and Aging, 21(2), 253–265. CrossRef
Kahana, E., & Kahana, B. (2003). Contextualizing successful aging: New directions in an age-old search. In R. J. Settersten (Ed.), Invitation to the life course: Toward new understanding of later life. New York: Baywood Publishing Company, Inc.
Kim, J. (2011). The mediating effects of lifestyle factors on the relationship between socioeconomic status and self-rated health among middle-aged and older adults in Korea. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 73(2), 153–173. CrossRef
Lachman, M. E., & Weaver, S. L. (1998). The sense of control as a moderator of social class differences in health and well being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 763–773. CrossRef
Lawton, M. P. (1975). The Philadelphia geriatric center morale scale: A revision. Journal of Gerontology, 30, 85–89. CrossRef
Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and contrast validation. Social Indicators Research, 46(2), 137–155. CrossRef
Maddox, G. L. (1968). Persistence of life style among the elderly: A longitudinal study of patterns of social activity in relation to life satisfaction. In B. L. Neugarten (Ed.), A reader in social psychology (pp. 181–183). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Miller, G., & Wrosch, C. (2007). You’ve gotta know when to fold ‘em. Psychological Science, 18(9), 773–777. CrossRef
Mirowsky, J. (1995). Age and the sense of control. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58, 31–43. CrossRef
Moody, H. R. (2001). Productive aging and the ideology of old age. In N. Morrow-Howell, J. Hinterlong, & M. Sherraden (Eds.), Productive aging concepts and challenge. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
Neugarten, B. L., Havighurst, R. J., & Tobin, S. S. (1961). The measurement of life satisfaction. The Journal of Gerontology, 16(2), 134–143. CrossRef
Pinquart, M., & Sorensen, S. (2002). Psychological outcomes of preparation for future care needs. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 21(4), 452–470. CrossRef
Pressey, S. I., & Simcoe, E. (1950). Case study comparisons of successful and problem old people. Journal of Gerontology, 5, 168–175. CrossRef
Ross, C. E., & Mirowsky, J. (2010). Gender and the health benefits of education. The Sociological Quarterly, 51, 1–19. CrossRef
Ross, C. E., & Wu, C. L. (1996). Education, age, and the cumulative advantage in health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 37(1), 104–120. CrossRef
Rowe, J., & Kahn, T. R. L. (1997). Successful aging. The Gerontologist, 37(4), 433–440. CrossRef
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Exploration on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069–1081. CrossRef
Schindler, I., & Staudinger, U. M. (2008). Obligatory and personal life investment in old and very old age: Validation and functional relations. Motivation and Emotion, 32(1), 23–36. CrossRef
Schulz, R., & Heckhausen, J. (1996). A life span model of successful aging. American Psychologist, 51(7), 702–714. CrossRef
Schwarzer, R. (2001). Social-cognitive factors in changing health-related behaviors. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10(2), 47–51. CrossRef
Schwarzer, R., & Taubert, S. (2002). Tenacious goal pursuits and striving toward personal growth: Proactive coping. In E. Frydenberg (Ed.), Beyond coping: Meeting goals, visions and challenges (pp. 19–35). London: Oxford University Press.
Sherer, M., Maddux, J. E., Mercadent, B., Prentice-Dunn, S., Jacobs, B., & Rogers, R. W. (1982). The self-efficacy scale: Construction and validation. Psychological Reports, 51(2), 663–671. CrossRef
Simon, W. J., Higgs, P., & Katz, S. (2012). Neuroculture, active aging and the older brain: Problems, promises and prospects. Sociology of Health & Illness, 34(1), 64–78. CrossRef
Skinner, E. A., Edge, K., Altman, J., & Sherwood, H. (2003). Searching for the structure of coping: A review and critique of category systems for classifying ways of coping. Psychological Bulletin, 129(2), 216–269. CrossRef
Sohl, S., & Moyer, A. (2009). Refining the conceptualization of a future-oriented self-regulatory behavior: Proactive coping. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 139–144. CrossRef
Sorensen, S., & Pinquart, M. (2001). Developing a measure of older adults’ preparation for future care needs. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 53(2), 137–165. CrossRef
Taylor, S. E., & Stanton, A. (2007). Coping resources, coping processes, and mental health. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 3, 129–153. CrossRef
Thoits, P. A. (1995). Stress, coping and social support process: Where are we? What next? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35, 53–79. CrossRef
Thoits, P. A. (2010). Stress and health: Major findings and policy implications. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 51(1), s41–s53. CrossRef
Wrosch, C., Dunne, E., Scheier, M. F., & Schultz, R. (2006). Self-regulation of common age-related challenges: Benefits for older adults’ psychological and physical health. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29(3), 299–306. CrossRef
Wrosch, C., Scheier, M., Miller, E., Schulz, R., & Carver, S. (2003). Adaptive self-regulation of unattainable goals: Goal disengagement, goal reengagement, and subjective well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29(12), 1494–1508. CrossRef
Yazicioglu, K., Duyan, V., Karatas, K., Ozgul, A., Yilmaz, M. B., Duyan, G. C., et al. (2006). Effects of sociodemographic characteristics, illness process and social support on the levels of perceived quality of life in veterans. Military Medicine, 171(11), 1083–1088.
- Maintaining Successful Aging: The Role of Coping Patterns and Resources
- Springer Netherlands