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Über dieses Buch

This volume is the result of a 2013 conference held by the Asan Institute for Policy Studies (South Korea) on the 'middle power' countries of Mexico, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Turkey and Australia (MIKTA). Experts and policymakers discussed how members of the MIKTA can work to advance global governance in emerging global issue areas.



1. Introduction: G20 Middle Powers (MIKTA) and Global Governance

To meet important global challenges, the middle powers among the G20—Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea, Turkey, and Australia (MIKTA)—formed an informal consultation group to facilitate international cooperation in both economic and security matters. This chapter proposes potential policy priorities for the MIKTA in three stages: international economic cooperation, economic-security linkages, and traditional security cooperation.
Mo Jongryn

2. Middle Powers and the Multilateral Pivot

The international order will face increasing challenges over the coming decades, including climate change, management of maritime territorial disputes, resource competition, new conventional arms technologies, cyberweapons, and human rights abuses. However, the current order is inadequate for meeting these challenges. The growing disconnect between the intent and consequence of the order calls for greater multilateralism and transformation. Within this framework, middle powers are best positioned to promote a multilateral pivot. Albeit divergent in interests and perspectives, middle powers can help reform and strengthen global structures by virtue of their special interest in a healthy and rule-based international order.
Thomas Wright

3. G20 Middle Powers and Initiatives on Development

This chapter addresses how the category of middle powers (MPs) can potentially utilize the opportunity for leadership through the MIKTA initiative. What distinguishes MPs from both big and small states is the functional focus on issue-specific niche efforts. As potential “bridges” in the global governance architecture within the context of the G20, non-traditional MPs have special capacity for leveraging their specific diplomatic attributes. Because of the diversity in experiences, the mode of leadership among these MPs in development policy is highly salient. The role of the Republic of Korea is especially relevant in refining—potentially through the MIKTA initiative—the 2010 Seoul Development Consensus.
Andrew F. Cooper

4. Middle Power Cooperation for Climate Change and Green Growth

Climate change is a global problem that requires international cooperation. Unfortunately, developed and developing countries are divided in their commitment to tackling the issue. These different national interests undermine efforts to establish an environmentally effective global regime. With the expiration of the Kyoto Protocol, there is space for MIKTA to facilitate a new agreement—one that will be “applicable to all parties”. By playing the crucial bridging role between developed and developing states, middle power countries can help create a collaborative agenda that focuses on different national circumstances to establish a more nation-driven approach to effectively mitigating the effects of climate change.
Park Siwon

5. Middle Power Cooperation and Related Issues in the G20

The major global financial crises of 1997 and 2008 demonstrated the need for multilateral economic cooperation and prompted the creation and growth of the G20 forum. Made up of leaders of advanced and emerging economies, the G20 promotes discussion and collaboration on how to mitigate the amplified effects of financial shocks on the increasingly interconnected and interdependent global economy. Within this multilateral body, the middle powers have the potential to play an important role in mediating the opinions of different economies and ensuring that global financial measures are comprehensively adopted by all. While numerous obstacles still inhibit the formal setup for middle power cooperation, there are several areas of financial regulatory reform that can bring middle powers together and lend them the opportunity to facilitate effective dialogue among the G20 members.
Choi Heenam

6. Middle Powers and the G20: Modest Proposals for Cooperation

The chapter explores the possibility of further strengthening the G20 with the active cooperation among middle powers. While the G8 and BRICS become more cohesive and the G20 grows less influential, the five middle powers have a stake in making the G20 a relevant forum of multilateral discussion of the most pressing issues. Even though they lack strong ties to form a cohesive bloc like the G8 or BRIGS, they can cooperate and coordinate in different ways. The middle powers have to exercise their diplomatic capabilities to reach out to other multilateral institutions as well as their regional neighbors. Issues such as development, human security, reform of the international financial institutions, and climate change and green growth are some of the promising issues that the middle powers can focus on.
Richard Gowan

Luncheon Keynote Speech: Korea’s Middle Power Diplomacy: How Is It Pursued in the G20 Framework?

Dr. Hahm Chaibong, President of the Asan Institute for Policy Studies, distinguished scholars, ladies and gentlemen. Good afternoon and thank you for giving me this opportunity to offer a few reflections at this meaningful conference.
Kim Sung-han


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