Wireless sensor networks promise a new paradigm for gathering data via collaboration among sensors spreading over a large geometrical region. Many real-time applications impose stringent delay requirements and ask for time-efficient schedules of data aggregations in which sensed data at sensors are combined at intermediate sensors along the way towards the data sink. The
Minimum Data Aggregation Time
(MDAT) problem is to find the schedule that routes data appropriately and has the shortest time for all requested data to be aggregated to the data sink.
In this paper we study the MDAT problem with uniform transmission range of all sensors. We assume that, in each time round, data sent by a sensor reaches exactly all sensors within its transmission range, and a sensor receives data if it is the only data that reaches the sensor in this time round. We first prove that this problem is NP-hard even when all sensors are deployed a grid and data on all sensors are required to be aggregated to the data sink. We then design a (Δ–1)-approximation algorithm for MDAT problem, where Δ equals the maximum number of sensors within the transmission range of any sensor. We also simulate the proposed algorithm and compare it with the existing algorithm. The obtained results show that our algorithm has much better performance in practice than the theoretically proved guarantee and outperforms other algorithm.