Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Definitions of sustainability in social settings can vary widely across contexts and age groups. The aim of this experiment is to identify actions college students classify as sustainable within their everyday context, how such actions are grouped into behavioral categories, the perceived effort and impact of actions, and ways that public spaces can limit these actions. A card-sort, co-current interview, and ranking task was conducted with ten students (ages 20–27). Student listed sustainable actions and behavioral categories were compared against a researcher-generated list of categorized actions possible within their college environment. Ranking data of perceived effort and impact was used to identify which behaviors would be easy and difficult to encourage in college buildings. Key findings are that students’ perceptions of effort and impact varied widely, students categorized actions based on many types of commonalities, students consistently placed actions appropriately in predetermined categories, and that educational environments contain social and physical norms limiting perceived ability to act. In the future, these methods could be replicated to identify perceptions influencing sustainable behaviors in multiple contexts.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Barlett, P. F., & Chase, G. W. (2004). Sustainability on campus: Stories and strategies for change. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Block, L. G., & Keller, P. A. (1995). When to accentuate the negative: The effects of perceived efficacy and message framing on intentions to perform a health-related behavior. Journal of Marketing Research, XXXII, 192–203.
Canter, D., Brown, J., & Groat, L. (1985). A multiple sorting procedure for studying conceptual systems. 27th research interview: uses and approaches. London: Academic.
Davis, J. J. (1995). The effects of message framing on response to environmental communications. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly,72(2), 285–299. CrossRef
DiMaggio, P. (1997). Culture and cognition. Annual review of sociology, 23, 263–287.
Dinas, E. (2010). The impressionable years: The formative role of family, vote and political events during early adulthood. Florence: European University Institute.
Everitt, B. S., Landau, S., Leese, M., & Stahl, D. (2011). Hierarchical clustering. Cluster Analysis, 5th Edition, 2011, 71–110.
Fincher, S., & Tenenberg, J. (2005). Making sense of card sorting data. Expert Systems,22(3), 89–93. CrossRef
Franklin, C. G. (2014). The impact of energy information upon small business owners. Lawrence: University of Kansas.
Kleider, H. M., Pezdek, K., Goldinger, S. D., & Kirk, A. (2008). Schema-driven source misattribution errors: Remembering the expected from a witnessed event. Applied Cognitive Psychology,22(1), 1–20. CrossRef
Lindley, R. H. (1966). Recoding as a function of chunking and meaningfulness. Psychonomic Science,6(8), 393–394. CrossRef
Markman, A. B., & Ross, B. H. (2003). Category use and category learning. Psychological bulletin,129(4), 592. CrossRef
Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological review,63(2), 81. CrossRef
Nadkarni, S., & Narayanan, V. K. (2007). Strategic schemas, strategic flexibility, and firm performance: The moderating role of industry clockspeed. Strategic management journal,28(3), 243–270. CrossRef
Paul, C. L. (2014). Analyzing card-sorting data using graphic visualization. Journal of Usability Studies,9(3), 87–104.
Princeton Review. (2016). Guide to Green Colleges 2016.
Righi, C., James, J., Beasley, M., Day, D. L., Fox, J. E., Gieber, J., et al. (2013). Card sort analysis best practices. Journal of Usability Studies,8(3), 69–89.
Tulving, E., & Craik, F. I. (2000). The Oxford handbook of memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Re-shuffling the Deck on Environmental Sustainability: Using a Card Sort to Uncover Perceived Behavioral Categories, Effort, and Impact in a College Environment
Casey G. Franklin
Fallstudie Überschwemmungskarten/© Thaut Images | Fotolia