Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

Erschienen in: Environmental Earth Sciences 5/2011

01.03.2011 | Original Article

Redox evolution in glacial drift aquifers: role of diamicton units in reduction of Fe(III)

verfasst von: Nathaniel A. Barnes, Alan E. Kehew, R. V. Krishnamurthy, Carla M. Koretsky

Erschienen in: Environmental Earth Sciences | Ausgabe 5/2011

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
share
TEILEN

Abstract

High iron concentrations create water quality problems for municipal use in glacial drift aquifer units. The chemical evolution of oxic groundwater in shallow aquifer units to anoxic groundwater in deeper aquifer units, in which soluble Fe(II) is stable, is attributed to coupled reduction of Fe(III) on aquifer solids with oxidation of organic carbon. The objective of this study was to characterize the distribution of organic carbon in aquifer and aquitard sediments to determine the availability of potential electron donors to drive these reactions. To do this, four complete rotasonic cores in a glacial aquifer/aquitard system were sampled at close intervals for analyses of grain-size distribution and organic carbon content. The results indicate significantly higher organic carbon concentrations in diamicton (till) units that function as aquitards, relative to coarse-grained aquifer units. In addition, readily reducible iron content in the diamicton units and lower aquifer unit materials is sufficient to produce far more dissolved iron than is present in the aquifer. Groundwater evolves to the level of iron reduction as a terminal electron-accepting process as it moves downward through aquitard units along flow paths from upland recharge areas to downgradient discharge areas. Deeper aquifer units are therefore unlikely to contain groundwater with low iron concentration.
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat American Hydrogeology Corporation (AHC) (2003) Water exploration report American Hydrogeology Corporation (AHC) (2003) Water exploration report
Zurück zum Zitat Arnold RG, DiChristina TJ, Hoffmann MR (1986) Reductive dissolution of Fe(III) oxides by Pseudomonas sp. 200. Biotechnol Bioeng 32:1081–1096 Arnold RG, DiChristina TJ, Hoffmann MR (1986) Reductive dissolution of Fe(III) oxides by Pseudomonas sp. 200. Biotechnol Bioeng 32:1081–1096
Zurück zum Zitat Barnes NA (2007) Stratigraphy and organic carbon contents of glacial deposits in the City of Portage, MI, USA. Masters thesis, Western Michigan University Barnes NA (2007) Stratigraphy and organic carbon contents of glacial deposits in the City of Portage, MI, USA. Masters thesis, Western Michigan University
Zurück zum Zitat Benninghoff WS, Brunett FV (1984) A Pre-Woodfordian organic deposits at Acme, Grand Traverse County, Michigan: oral presentation, Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters presentation, 23 Mar 1984 Benninghoff WS, Brunett FV (1984) A Pre-Woodfordian organic deposits at Acme, Grand Traverse County, Michigan: oral presentation, Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters presentation, 23 Mar 1984
Zurück zum Zitat Bridge TAM, Johnson DB (2000) Reductive dissolution of ferric iron minerals by Acidiphilium SJH. Geomicrobiol J 17:193–206 CrossRef Bridge TAM, Johnson DB (2000) Reductive dissolution of ferric iron minerals by Acidiphilium SJH. Geomicrobiol J 17:193–206 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cooper WF (1906) Geological report on Bay County: Geological Survey of Michigan annual report for 1905, p 135–426 Cooper WF (1906) Geological report on Bay County: Geological Survey of Michigan annual report for 1905, p 135–426
Zurück zum Zitat Dong HL, Kukkadapu RK, Fredrickson JK, Zachara JM, Kennedy DW, Kostandarithes HM (2003) Environ Sci Technol 37:1268–1276 CrossRef Dong HL, Kukkadapu RK, Fredrickson JK, Zachara JM, Kennedy DW, Kostandarithes HM (2003) Environ Sci Technol 37:1268–1276 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Dorr JA Jr, Eschman DF (1970) The geology of Michigan. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, p 476 Dorr JA Jr, Eschman DF (1970) The geology of Michigan. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, p 476
Zurück zum Zitat Eschman DF (1978) Pleistocene geology of the thumb area of Michigan. Geological Society of America, North-Central Section, Field Trip, pp 35–62 Eschman DF (1978) Pleistocene geology of the thumb area of Michigan. Geological Society of America, North-Central Section, Field Trip, pp 35–62
Zurück zum Zitat Farrand WR, Zahner RF, Benninghoff WS (1969) Cary-Port Huron: evidence from a buried bryophyte bed, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Geological Society of America Special Paper 123, pp 249–262 Farrand WR, Zahner RF, Benninghoff WS (1969) Cary-Port Huron: evidence from a buried bryophyte bed, Cheboygan County, Michigan. Geological Society of America Special Paper 123, pp 249–262
Zurück zum Zitat Gephart GD, Monaghan GW, Larson G (1982) A Mid-Wisconsinan event in the Lake Michigan Basin, vol 14. Geological Society of America, p 260 Gephart GD, Monaghan GW, Larson G (1982) A Mid-Wisconsinan event in the Lake Michigan Basin, vol 14. Geological Society of America, p 260
Zurück zum Zitat Hansel AK, Johnson WH (1996) Wedron and Mason Groups: lithostratigraphic reclassification of deposits of the Wisconsin Episode, Lake Michigan Lobe Area. Illinois State Survey Bulletin 104 Hansel AK, Johnson WH (1996) Wedron and Mason Groups: lithostratigraphic reclassification of deposits of the Wisconsin Episode, Lake Michigan Lobe Area. Illinois State Survey Bulletin 104
Zurück zum Zitat Holman JA (1976) A 25,000-year-old duck, more evidence for a Michigan Wisconsinan interstadial. Am Midl Nat 96:501–503 CrossRef Holman JA (1976) A 25,000-year-old duck, more evidence for a Michigan Wisconsinan interstadial. Am Midl Nat 96:501–503 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kapp RO (1970) A 24,000-year-old Jefferson mammoth from Midland County, Michigan. Mich Acad 3:95–99 Kapp RO (1970) A 24,000-year-old Jefferson mammoth from Midland County, Michigan. Mich Acad 3:95–99
Zurück zum Zitat Kehew AE (2001) Applied chemical hydrogeology. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River Kehew AE (2001) Applied chemical hydrogeology. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River
Zurück zum Zitat Kehew AE, Brewer MK (1992) Ground water quality variations in glacial drift and bedrock aquifers, Barry County, Michigan. Environ Sci Water Qual 20:105–115 Kehew AE, Brewer MK (1992) Ground water quality variations in glacial drift and bedrock aquifers, Barry County, Michigan. Environ Sci Water Qual 20:105–115
Zurück zum Zitat Kehew AE, Passero RN (1990) pH and redox buffering mechanisms in a glacial drift aquifer contaminated by landfill leachate. Ground Water 28(5):728–737 CrossRef Kehew AE, Passero RN (1990) pH and redox buffering mechanisms in a glacial drift aquifer contaminated by landfill leachate. Ground Water 28(5):728–737 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kehew AE, Straw WT, Steinmann WK, Barrese PG, Passarella G, Peng WS (1996) Ground water quality and flow in a shallow glaciofluvial aquifer impacted by agricultural contamination. Ground Water 34:491–500 CrossRef Kehew AE, Straw WT, Steinmann WK, Barrese PG, Passarella G, Peng WS (1996) Ground water quality and flow in a shallow glaciofluvial aquifer impacted by agricultural contamination. Ground Water 34:491–500 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kehew AE, Passero RN, Krishnamurthy RV, Lovett CK, Betts MA, Dayharsh BA (1998) Hydrogeochemical Interaction between a wetland and an unconfined glacial drift aquifer, southwestern Michigan. Ground Water 36(5):849–856 CrossRef Kehew AE, Passero RN, Krishnamurthy RV, Lovett CK, Betts MA, Dayharsh BA (1998) Hydrogeochemical Interaction between a wetland and an unconfined glacial drift aquifer, southwestern Michigan. Ground Water 36(5):849–856 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kehew AE, Beukema PS, Bird BC, Kozlowski AL (2005) Fast flow of the Lake Michigan Lobe: evidence from sediment-landform assemblages in southwestern Michigan, USA. Quat Sci Rev 24:2335–2353 CrossRef Kehew AE, Beukema PS, Bird BC, Kozlowski AL (2005) Fast flow of the Lake Michigan Lobe: evidence from sediment-landform assemblages in southwestern Michigan, USA. Quat Sci Rev 24:2335–2353 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kostka JE, Luther GW III (1994) Partitioning and speciation of solid phase iron in saltmarsh sediments. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 58:1701–1710 CrossRef Kostka JE, Luther GW III (1994) Partitioning and speciation of solid phase iron in saltmarsh sediments. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 58:1701–1710 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kostka JE, Nealson KH (1995) Dissolution and reduction of magnetite by bacteria. Environ Sci Technol 1995(29):2535–2540 CrossRef Kostka JE, Nealson KH (1995) Dissolution and reduction of magnetite by bacteria. Environ Sci Technol 1995(29):2535–2540 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kostka JE, Stucki JW, Nealson KH, Wu J (1996) Reduction of structural Fe(III) in smectite by a pure culture of Shewanella putrefaciens strain MR-1. Clays Clay Miner 44:522–529 CrossRef Kostka JE, Stucki JW, Nealson KH, Wu J (1996) Reduction of structural Fe(III) in smectite by a pure culture of Shewanella putrefaciens strain MR-1. Clays Clay Miner 44:522–529 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Krishnamurthy RV, MacHavaram M (1998) Hydrogen isotope exchange in thermally stressed cellulose Krishnamurthy RV, MacHavaram M (1998) Hydrogen isotope exchange in thermally stressed cellulose
Zurück zum Zitat Lane AC (1900) Geological report on Huron County, Michigan. Michigan Geological Survey, vol VII, part II, 329 p Lane AC (1900) Geological report on Huron County, Michigan. Michigan Geological Survey, vol VII, part II, 329 p
Zurück zum Zitat Leverett F, Taylor FB (1915) The Pleistocene of Indiana and Michigan and the History of the Great Lakes. United States Geological Survey Monograph 53 Leverett F, Taylor FB (1915) The Pleistocene of Indiana and Michigan and the History of the Great Lakes. United States Geological Survey Monograph 53
Zurück zum Zitat Lovley DR (1991) Dissimilatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction. Microbiol Rev 55:259–287 Lovley DR (1991) Dissimilatory Fe(III) and Mn(IV) reduction. Microbiol Rev 55:259–287
Zurück zum Zitat Lovley DR (1997) Microbial Fe(III) reduction in subsurface environments. Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts. FEMS Microbiol Rev 20(1997):305–313 CrossRef Lovley DR (1997) Microbial Fe(III) reduction in subsurface environments. Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts. FEMS Microbiol Rev 20(1997):305–313 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat McMahon PB, Chapelle FH (2008) Redox processes and water quality of selected principal aquifer systems. Ground Water 46(2):259–271 CrossRef McMahon PB, Chapelle FH (2008) Redox processes and water quality of selected principal aquifer systems. Ground Water 46(2):259–271 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Nealson HK, Myers CR (1992) Microbial reduction of manganese and iron: new approaches to carbon cycling. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:439–443 Nealson HK, Myers CR (1992) Microbial reduction of manganese and iron: new approaches to carbon cycling. Appl Environ Microbiol 58:439–443
Zurück zum Zitat O’Reilly SE, Watkins J, Furukawa Y (2005) Secondary mineral formation associated with respiration of nontronite, NAu-1 by iron reducing bacteria. Geochem Trans 6:67–76 CrossRef O’Reilly SE, Watkins J, Furukawa Y (2005) Secondary mineral formation associated with respiration of nontronite, NAu-1 by iron reducing bacteria. Geochem Trans 6:67–76 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Parkin TB, Simpkins WW (1995) Contemporary ground water methane production from Pleistocene carbon. J Environ Qual 24(2):367–372 CrossRef Parkin TB, Simpkins WW (1995) Contemporary ground water methane production from Pleistocene carbon. J Environ Qual 24(2):367–372 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Rieck RL (1988) A Mid-Wisconsinan ice-free interval and paleosurface in Southwestern Michigan and its implications. In: Midwest friends of the Pleistocene field conference guide, 21–22 May 1988 Rieck RL (1988) A Mid-Wisconsinan ice-free interval and paleosurface in Southwestern Michigan and its implications. In: Midwest friends of the Pleistocene field conference guide, 21–22 May 1988
Zurück zum Zitat Roden EE, Zachara JM (1996) Microbial reduction of crystalline iron (III) oxides: influence of oxide surface area and potential for cell growth. Environ Sci Technol 1996(30):1618–1628 CrossRef Roden EE, Zachara JM (1996) Microbial reduction of crystalline iron (III) oxides: influence of oxide surface area and potential for cell growth. Environ Sci Technol 1996(30):1618–1628 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Sherzer WH (1917) Detroit folio. US Geological Survey Geologic Atlas of the United States of America, p 22 Sherzer WH (1917) Detroit folio. US Geological Survey Geologic Atlas of the United States of America, p 22
Zurück zum Zitat Simpkins WW, Parkin TB (1993) Hydrogeology and redox geochemistry of CH 4 in a Late Wisconsinan till and loess sequence in central Iowa. Water Resour Res 29(11):3643–3657 CrossRef Simpkins WW, Parkin TB (1993) Hydrogeology and redox geochemistry of CH 4 in a Late Wisconsinan till and loess sequence in central Iowa. Water Resour Res 29(11):3643–3657 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Steinmann WK (1994) Geological and hydrogeological characterization of the Schoolcraft aquifer, Schoolcraft, Michigan. Unpublished MS thesis, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo Steinmann WK (1994) Geological and hydrogeological characterization of the Schoolcraft aquifer, Schoolcraft, Michigan. Unpublished MS thesis, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo
Zurück zum Zitat Stuiver M, Heusser CJ, Yang IC (1978) North American glacial history extended to 75,000 years ago. Science 200:16–21 CrossRef Stuiver M, Heusser CJ, Yang IC (1978) North American glacial history extended to 75,000 years ago. Science 200:16–21 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat US Geological Survey (2006) 7.5′ topographic quadrangle, 1973. Site location map for four 2003 drilling sites, City of Portage, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. US Geological Survey, Michigan US Geological Survey (2006) 7.5′ topographic quadrangle, 1973. Site location map for four 2003 drilling sites, City of Portage, Kalamazoo County, Michigan. US Geological Survey, Michigan
Zurück zum Zitat Winters HA, Rieck RL, Kapp RO (1986) Significance and ages of Mid-Wisconsinan organic deposits in southern Michigan. Phys Geogr 7:292–305 Winters HA, Rieck RL, Kapp RO (1986) Significance and ages of Mid-Wisconsinan organic deposits in southern Michigan. Phys Geogr 7:292–305
Zurück zum Zitat Zumberge JH, Benninghoff WS (1970) A Mid-Wisconsin peat in Michigan. Pollen Spores 11:585–601 Zumberge JH, Benninghoff WS (1970) A Mid-Wisconsin peat in Michigan. Pollen Spores 11:585–601
Metadaten
Titel
Redox evolution in glacial drift aquifers: role of diamicton units in reduction of Fe(III)
verfasst von
Nathaniel A. Barnes
Alan E. Kehew
R. V. Krishnamurthy
Carla M. Koretsky
Publikationsdatum
01.03.2011
Verlag
Springer-Verlag
Erschienen in
Environmental Earth Sciences / Ausgabe 5/2011
Print ISSN: 1866-6280
Elektronische ISSN: 1866-6299
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-010-0590-7

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2011

Environmental Earth Sciences 5/2011 Zur Ausgabe