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The limited available of fossil energy carriers and the environmental impacts of energy consumtion demand mid-and long-term strategies both for the rational use of energy and for increased renewable energy utilization. Concepts of renewable energy conversion have been proposed and implemented during recent decades allover the world and their remarkable potential has been demonstrated. However, large scale implementation in the context of the requirements above has not yet taken place. The EUREC (European Renewable Energy Centres) Agency - an association of 25 European research centres from 11 EC countries, provides a framework of leading experts in the field of renewable energies, focusing on assessment studies, joint projects in research and development and on proposing future strategies in a European context. Under the leadership of Professor Wrixon, with the assistance and contributions of experts from the EUREC Agency, the document 'Renewable Energy - 2000' has been elaborated. This document critically evaluates the potential of renewable energies, focusing on the most relevant sources and methodologies, namely: wind energy, solar heating, cooling and daylighting, photovoltaics and biomass. It also proposes strategies for implementing components and systems to achieve economic operation in different regions of the European Community. It thereby makes use of the expert knowledge and experience concentrated in EUREC Agency member institutions.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Executive Summary The Study

Abstract
This Study was prepared by the NMRC, Ireland for the European Renewable Energy Centres Agency, in response to a request from the Directorate General XII (Science, Research & Development) of the Commission of the European Communities.
Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

1. Introduction

Abstract
The Community’s main rationale for developing renewables is to increase the security of energy supply for its Member States and to contribute to a better environment.
Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

2. Wind Energy

Abstract
Wind technology in Europe has gained considerable maturity over the last decade. The industry has gone through several shake-out phases and has gained real strength through market developments in California as well as its Member States -most notably Denmark. Countries like Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, Spain and Greece are quickly catching up.
Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

3. Solar Heating & Cooling and Daylighting

Abstract
Active solar energy systems may be employed in residential and commercial/industrial buildings for the provision of space conditioning (heating and/or cooling) and/or hot water. Another common application is the heating of swimming pool water.
Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

4. Photovoltaics

Abstract
Photovoltaics is the direct conversion of sunlight into electricity using devices made of thin semiconductor layers.
Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

5. Biomass

Abstract
Figure 10 gives an overview of 1992 and year 2000 EC biomass resources.
Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

6. Conclusions: Prospects for the Development of Renewable Energy in Europe to the year 2000

Gerard T. Wrixon, Anne-Marie E. Rooney, Wolfgang Palz

Backmatter

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