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This white paper is part of a series that promotes knowledge about language technology and its potential. It addresses educators, journalists, politicians, language communities and others. The availability and use of language technology in Europe varies between languages. Consequently, the actions that are required to further support research and development of language technologies also differ for each language. The required actions depend on many factors, such as the complexity of a given language and the size of its community. META-NET, a Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission, has conducted an analysis of current language resources and technologies. This analysis focused on the 23 official European languages as well as other important national and regional languages in Europe. The results of this analysis suggest that there are many significant research gaps for each language. A more detailed expert analysis and assessment of the current situation will help maximise the impact of additional research and minimize any risks. META-NET consists of 54 research centres from 33 countries that are working with stakeholders from commercial businesses, government agencies, industry, research organisations, software companies, technology providers and European universities. Together, they are creating a common technology vision while developing a strategic research agenda that shows how language technology applications can address any research gaps by 2020.



Chapter 1. Resumo

A lingua é o modo esencial de comunicación entre humanos. A lingua permítenos expresar ideas e sentimentos, axúdanos a aprender e ensinar, é esencial para vivir, é o vehículo preferido para a transmisión de cultura, e é un símbolo de identidade.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 2. Un Risco Para as Nosas Linguas E Un Reto Para a Tecnoloxía Lingüística

Estamos a presenciar unha revolución dixital que ten importantes repercusións nas comunicacións e na sociedade. Os recentes avances na tecnoloxía da comunicación dixital e en rede equipáranse ás veces coa invención da imprenta de Gutenberg.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 3. O Galego Na Sociedade Europea Da Información

O galego pertence á familia das linguas románicas. É a lingua cooficial na rexión española de Galicia. Galicia ten máis de 2.800.000 de habitantes. Aproximadamente dous millóns de persoas son falantes habituais de galego e medio millón máis emprégao como segunda lingua.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 4. Apoio Da Tecnoloxía Lingüística Para O Galego

As Tecnoloxías Lingüísticas son tecnoloxías da información que están especializadas no tratamento da linguaxe humana. É por iso que estas tecnoloxías tamén se poden agrupar baixo o termo Tecnoloxías da Linguaxe Humana. A linguaxe humana prodúcese tanto en forma oral como escrita.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 5. Acerca De Meta-Net

META-NET é unha Rede de Excelencia financiada parcialmente pola Unión Europea. Actualmente está formada por 54 membros, que representan a 33 países europeos.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 6. Executive Summary

Language is the primary means of communication between humans. It allows us to express ideas and feelings, helps us to learn and teach, is essential for living, is the primary vehicle for the transmission of culture, and is a symbol of identity.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 7. Risk for Our Languages and a Challenge for Language Technology

We are witnesses to a digital revolution that is dramatically impacting communication and society. Recent developments in digital information and communication technology are sometimes compared to Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press. What can this analogy tell us about the future of the European information society and our languages in particular?
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 8. Galician in the European Information Society

Galician is part of the Romance family of languages. It’s the co-official language in the Spanish region of Galicia. Galicia has over 2,800,000 inhabitants. Approximately, two million persons are speakers of Galician and the rest speaks it as a second language.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 9. Language Technology Support for Galician

Language technologies are information technologies that are specialised for dealing with human language. Therefore these technologies are also often subsumed under the term Human Language Technology. Human language occurs in spoken and written form. Whereas speech is the oldest and most natural mode of language communication, complex information and most of human knowledge is maintained and transmitted in written0020texts.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez

Chapter 10. About Meta-Net

META-NET is a Network of Excellence partially funded by the European Commission. The network currently consists of 54 research centres in 33 European countries. META-NET forges META, the Multilingual Europe Technology Alliance, a growing community of language technology professionals and organisations in Europe.
Carmen García Mateo, Montserrat Arza Rodríguez


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