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This chapter presents the main challenges to be overcoming in order to have sustainable and smart cities in Africa in the future. The analysis highlines confirm the existence of huge challenges, problems, and restrictions about social, economic, and environmental and political issues in Africa. This chapter analyzes the main constraints of urban development on the African continent and confirms that smart cities will be possible in Africa when the current problems of sustainable development (economic, social, environmental, and political) are overcome. However, the chapter allows us to understand why this is the first chapter in the literature to address the topic of smart cities in Africa. It should be noted that in this continent there are at least two of the world’s largest cities in terms of inhabitants, and the population growth rate of the African continent is about 2.5%. So, this is a world problem to minimize. The concern about the problems of sustainable development in this region and how to promote it toward sustainable cities competes to all and the follow way will affect all of the world sustainable development.
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- Toward Sustainable and Smart Cities in Africa: A Review and Challenges
Maria Lampreia Dos Santos
- Chapter 10