An explosive growth and development in coherent-backscatter radar techniques for studying the structure and dynamics of the troposphere and stratosphere has occurred in the past two decades. Ultra-High Frequency (UHF) and Very High Frequency (VHF) radars can detect echoes caused by Bragg scatter from refractive index structure due to variations in humidity and temperature in both the clear and cloudy atmosphere, and they have now become accepted in the radar meteorology community as a valuable complement to the weather radar measurement techniques that make use of Rayleigh scattering from hydrometeors. The UHF and VHF radars typically operate in the frequency range from the low VHF band (40–50 MHz) to the upper UHF band (3 GHz). In the low VHF band, Bragg scatter from electron density variations in the mesosphere can also be detected.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- UHF/VHF Radar Techniques for Atmospheric Research and Wind Profiler Applications
M. F. Larsen
- American Meteorological Society
- Chapter 21a