A discussion of water phase change in unsaturated soils that develop capillary effects is first carried out in the paper. A distinction between the GR (geothermal reservoir) and the NUS (nonisothermal unsaturated soil) approaches is performed. Several aspects concerning advective and non advective fluxes of vapour are described secondly and some relationships concerning the case of mass motion in a closed system subjected to temperature gradients derived. Since the structure of unsaturated clays changes with moisture content, in order to correctly simulate the coupled phenomena induced by temperature gradients a model for intrinsic permeability as a function of humidity is required. A preliminary version of the model is presented and applied to interpret a laboratory test by means of a numerical simulation using CODE_BRIGHT.
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- Water Phase Change and Vapour Transport in Low Permeability Unsaturated Soils with Capillary Effects
- Springer Netherlands