Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Over the past few decades, risk assessments have become an important component of remedial investigations (RI) and feasibility studies (FS) for contaminated sediment sites. In the United States, the National Contingency Plan (NCP) requires that risk assessments be conducted to address the threat posed by the release of contamination to the environment. Risk assessment is typically viewed as an important early step in the process of determining whether remediation of contaminated sediment is necessary. Risk assessments have, however, become increasingly process oriented, with more emphasis on how to do the risk assessment and less on how to ensure that the assessment is useful for decision-making. Although following a defined process that is supported by guidance is advantageous, a process-dominated approach that lacks consideration of other important factors for managing contaminated sediments has shortcomings. The risk assessment needs to include early and explicit consideration of potential risk management options.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Achterman GL, Mauger R. 2010. The state and regional role in developing ecosystem service markets. Duke Environ Law Policy Forum 20:291–337.
Apitz SE, Power B. 2002. From risk assessment to sediment management: An international perspective. J Soils Sediment 2:61–68. CrossRef
Cal-EPA DTSC. 1994 (Second Printing 1999). Preliminary Endangerment Assessment (PEA) Guidance Manual. California Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Toxic Substances Control.
Chapman P. 2000. The sediment quality triad: Then, now and tomorrow. Int J Environ Pollut 13:1–6. CrossRef
Collison P. 1998. Of bombers, radiologists, and cardiologists: Time to ROC. Heart 80:215–217.
Efroymson RA, Nicolette JP, Suter GW. 2004. A framework for net environmental benefit analysis for remediation or restoration of contaminated sites. Environ Manag 34:315–331. CrossRef
Exponent. 2009. Baseline Risk Assessment, River Operable Unit: Wisconsin Public Service Corporation’s Sheboygan-Campmarina Former Manufactured Gas Plant, Sheboygan, Wisconsin, U.S. EPA Site ID: B5DA. Prepared for Integrys Business Support, LLC700 North, Green Bay, WI. Exponent, Alexandria, VA.
Huibregtse KR, Nilsson RK, Hutchens JL. 2007. Final Welch Creek Feasibility Study. Domtar Paper Company, LLC.
Hunt R, Sellers J, Franklin W. 1992. Resource and environmental profile analysis: A life cycle environmental assessment for products and procedures. Environ Impact Assess Rev 12:245–269. CrossRef
Kohavi R, Provost F. 1998. Glossary of terms. Mach Learn 30:271–274. CrossRef
Kroeger T, Casey F. 2007. An assessment of market-based approaches to providing ecosystem services on agricultural lands. Ecol Econ 6:321–332. CrossRef
Linkov I, Burmistrov D, Cura JJ, Bridges TS. 2002. Risk-based management of contaminated sediments: Consideration of spatial and temporal patterns in exposure modeling. Environ Sci Technol 36:238–246. CrossRef
MDEP (Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection). 1995. Guidance for Disposal Site Risk Characterization. Interim Final Policy #WSC/ORS-95-141. Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Waste Site Cleanup and Office of Research and Standards. July.
Menzie CA, Booth P, Law SA, von Stackelberg K. 2009. Use of decision support systems to address contaminated coastal sediments: experience in the United States. In Marcomini A, Suter II GW, Critto A, eds, Decision Support Systems for Risk-based Management of Contaminated Sites. Springer. Chapter 14.
Metz C. 1978. Basic principles of ROC analysis. Semin Nucl Med 8:283–298. CrossRef
Morrison AM, Coughlin K, Shine JP, Coull BA, Rex AC. 2003. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of beach water quality indicator variables. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:6405–6411. CrossRef
Munns WR, Helm RC, Adams WJ, Clements WH, Cramer MA, Curry M, DiPinto LM, Michael D. 2009. Translating ecological risk to ecosystem service loss. Integr Environ Assess Manag 5:500–514. CrossRef
NRT (Natural Resource Technology, Inc.). 2011. Feasibility Study Report, Revision 2, River Operable Unit, Wisconsin Public Service Corporation’s Sheboygan-Campmarina Former Manufactured Gas Plant, Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Prepared for Integrys Business Support, Inc., Natural Resource Technology, Inc.
Ohio EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2008. Guidance for Conducting Ecological Risk Assessment. DERR-00-RR–031. October 2006, Revised April 2008. State of Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Division of Emergency and Remedial Response.
Robberson B. 2006. Net environmental benefit analysis (NEBA) decision-making tool: Developing consensus for environmental decision-making in emergency response. Freshwater Spills Information Clearinghouse. http://www.freshwaterspills.net/neba.htm. Accessed March 7, 2012.
Shine JP, Trapp CJ, Coull BA. 2003. Use of receiver operating characteristic curves to evaluate sediment quality guidelines for metals. Environ Toxicol Chem 22:1642–1648. CrossRef
USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1989. Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund (RAGS) (Part A). EPA/540/1-89/002. USEPA, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response, Washington, D.C.
USEPA. 1997. Ecological Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund: Process for Designing and Conducting Ecological Risk Assessments. EPA 540-R-97-006. Interim Final. USEPA, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Edison, NJ.
USEPA. 1998. Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessment. EPA/630/R-95/002F. April 1998. Final. USEPA, Risk Assessment Forum, Washington, DC.
USEPA. 2005a. Contaminated Sediment Remediation Guidance for Hazardous Waste Sites. EPA-540-R-05-012. USEPA, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response.
USEPA. 2005b. Guidance for Developing Ecological Soil Screening Levels. OSWER 9285.7-55. USEPA, Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. February.
USEPA and USACE (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers). 1991. Evaluation of Dredged Material Proposed for Ocean Disposal. Testing Manual. EPA 503/8-91/001.
von Stackelberg K, Burmistrov D, Likkov I, Cura J, Bridgers TS. 2002. The use of spatial modeling in an aquatic food web to estimate exposure and risk. Sci Total Environ 288:97–110. CrossRef
von Stackelberg KE, Wickwire WT, Burmistrov D. 2005. Spatially-explicit wildlife exposure modeling tools for use in human health and ecological risk assessment: SEEM and FISHRAND-migration. WIT Trans Ecol Environ Volume 85. http://www.witpress.com/, ISSN 1743–3541 (on-line).
Wentsel RS, LaPoint TW, Simini M, Checkai RT, Ludwig D, Brewer LW. 1994. Tri-Service Procedural Guidelines for Ecological Risk Assessments. ADA297968. U.S. Army Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.
- Advances in Risk Assessment in Support of Sediment Risk Management
Susan Kane Driscoll
Ann Michelle Morrison
- Springer New York
- Chapter 5
Fallstudie Überschwemmungskarten/© Thaut Images | Fotolia