Urban water supply problems are not limited to depletion of reserves, but include issues such as surface and groundwater contamination, deterioration of distribution systems, water table rise or decline, landslides, land subsidence, and increased seismic hazard. These problems often have social implications that can lead to serious economic damage. Analysis of the situation associated with the use and protection of urban groundwater in Azerbaijan, and of the Absheron peninsula in particular (where in our view there are major issues to be resolved), suggests that special approaches are necessary within urban hydrogeology. Evaluation of both static and time variant factors has allowed the setting up of a hydrogeological zoning system which has been trialled in the Absheron Peninsula, with encouraging results. It is hoped that this approach will form a sound basis for prognostic evaluation in urban areas elsewhere.
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- ANTHROPOGENIC CHANGES TO HYDROGEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS IN URBAN AREAS
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