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Health in the Arctic is not a new concern due to the region’s remoteness and historic inequities in health service provision and access to health care particularly for Indigenous populations, but it is also an issue severely exacerbated today by the effects of climate change. Communities in circumpolar regions have distinct health needs, but they also face shared challenges related to water quality, species and biodiversity loss, sea rise, increased non-communicable and infectious diseases, and food security, all of which are directly or indirectly impacted by climate change. This chapter surveys contemporary health issues in the Arctic and explores innovative responses to health challenges for populations in the Arctic in Canada, Greenland (Denmark), and the United States, including a Pan-Arctic Inuit health collaboration between Canada and the US. It concludes with a non-exhaustive resource list of academic and medical programs related to Arctic health and wellbeing and Circumpolar Health and related networks.
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Arctic Human Health. The Circumpolar Health Journal Supplements. 2010.
Young, K., et al. (Eds.). (2012). Circumpolar health atlas. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Health and well-being in the Canadian North: Recent advances and remaining knowledge gaps and research opportunities. Canadian Polar Commission. 31 March 2014.
Peter Bjerregaard, & Kue Young T, Health transitions in Arctic populations, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 2008.
Social determinants of Inuit Health in Canada, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK), September 2014.
State of the Knowledge: Inuit Public Health, National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health, 2011.
Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium : Center for Climate & Health.
Arctic Health, University of Alaska Anchorage, USA.
Arctic Health, Norwegian Institute of Public. Health.
Arctic Health portal University of Alaska. Anchorage’s Alaska Medical Library.
Arctic Health Research The Arctic University of Norway. (on Russia).
Arctic Human Health Expert Group. within Arctic Council.
Arctic Survival and Safety. University of Svalbard UNIS, Norway.
Center for Alaska Native Health Research, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA.
Center for Arctic Health, Aarhus University, Denmark.
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland.
International School of Public Health at Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk., Russia.
Kirov State Medical Academy., Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, Russia.
The Centre for Arctic and Global Health, The Arctic University of Norway.
UArctic The University of the Arctic (UArctic) is a cooperative network of universities, colleges, research institutes and other organizations concerned with education and research in and about the North.
University of Akureyri, Health Sciences, Iceland.
University of Alberta, Canada.
University of Greenland. Medical School.
University of Manitoba, College of Medicine, Canada.
University of Oulu, Finland.
University of Umeå. Arctic Research Center, Sweden.
Yakutsk State University, Saska Republic, Russia.
Circumpolar Health Journal.
Circumpolar Health Observatory.
Circumpolar Health Research Network.
Institute for Circumpolar Health Research.
International Arctic Science Committee.
International Arctic Social Sciences Association.
International Network for Circumpolar Health Research.
International Union for Circumpolar Health.
Inuit Circumpolar Council.
- Contemporary Circumpolar Health Issues and Innovative Responses in the Anthropocene