Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
It is still hard to reach a consensus on the concept of creative tourism even if it emerged in 2000, with Richards and Raymond, as a new segment of tourism that can offer tourists the opportunity of co-creating and developing their creative potential. One of its characteristics is that it is quite open and flexible regarding its adaptation to local context. It can be seen as an evolution and as a new approach to cultural tourism which has reached a stage of massification in several world destinations, being Venice, Barcelona or London perfect examples of this. Authentic experiences and active involvement with the culture and contact with real people is a new challenge for the present decade and it is developing rapidly, mainly in Southern Europe. Until now there was little research on the networks and platforms/institutions dealing with creative tourism, and that is why we have developed an investigation, from 2017 to 2018, concerned with the identification and analysis of the existing practices at an international level. We intended also to evaluate the contribution of Portugal in what regards networks and platforms. This investigation was conducted within the scope of the CREATOUR project: Creative Tourism Destination Development in Small Cities and Rural Areas, funded under the joint activities of the “Portugal 2020 Programme” by COMPETE2020, PORLisboa, PORAlgarve and the Portuguese Foundation for Science, Research and Technology (FCT). This Project is going to be developed until 2020. For that we used qualitative methods focusing on content analysis. There was some research done on Google (web), a database with 20 items was created, as well as an analysis on the initiatives in creative tourism that are being developed worldwide. A deeper analysis was done after analysing the initiatives organised by each institution using interviews to the people in charge of the platforms/institutions. The main results tell us that the majority of the creative initiatives occur in Southern Europe. In Portugal’s case, the initiatives are “creative experiences” and have, in fact, to do with co-creation. This is not the case of other initiatives developed in other countries, where it has come to our knowledge that some of the institutions have more learning experiences than creative ones.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Ali, F., Ryu, K., & Hussain, K. (2016). Influence of experiences on memories, satisfaction and behavioral intentions: A study of creative tourism. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 33(1), 85–100. CrossRef
Álvarez-Garcia, J., Maldonado-Érazo, C., Río-Rama, M., & Sánchez-Fernández, M. (2018). Análisis de los Estudios Referentes a los Impactos del Turismo Creativo Indexados en la Base Scopus y WoS. Revista Portuguesa de Estudos Regionais, 48, 17–32.
Augusto Mateus & Associados. (2016). A economia criativa em Portugal. Relevância para a competitividade e Internacionalização da Economia Portuguesa. Augusto Mateus & Associados: Lisboa.
Boden, M. A. (1994). What is creativity? In M. A. Boden (Ed.), Dimensions of creativity (pp. 75–117). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Brouder, P. (2012). Creative outposts: Tourism’s place in rural innovation. Tourism Planning & Development, 9(4), 383–396. CrossRef
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1990). The domain of creativity. In M. A. Runco & R. S. Albert (Eds.), Theories of creativity (pp. 190–211). London: Sage.
Donaldson, R., Spocter, M., Du Plessis, D., & Van Niekerk, A. (2012). Towards generic interventions to stimulate growth potential in small towns of the Western Cape Province, South Africa. South African Geographical Journal, 94(2), 120–136. CrossRef
Florida, R. (2002). The rise of the creative class: And how it’s transforming work, leisure and everyday life. New York, NY: Basic Books.
Florida, R. (2005). Cities and the creative class. New York, NY: Routledge. CrossRef
Florida, R. (2006). The flight of the creative class – The new global competition for talent. Liberal Education, 92(3), 22–29.
Gibson, C. (2010). Creative geographies: Tales from the “margins”. Australian Geographer, 1(1), 1–10. CrossRef
Hung, W.-L., Lee, Y.-J., & Huang, P.-H. (2016). Creative experiences, memorability and revisit intention in creative tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(8), 763–770. CrossRef
INE. (2017). Conta Satélite do Turismo 2016. Instituto Nacional de Estatística: Lisboa.
Itaú Cultural. (2012). Relatório de Economia Criativa 2010: Economia criativa uma opção de desenvolvimento. São Paulo: Secretaria da Economia Criativa Retreived September 26, 2017, from http://unctad.org/pt/docs/ditctab20103_pt.pdf
Landry, C. (2000). The creative city: A toolkit for urban innovators. London: Earthscan.
Landry, C. (2010). Experiencing imagination: Travel as a creative trigger. In R. Wurzburger, T. Aageson, A. Pattakos, & S. Pratt (Eds.), Creative tourism: A global conversation (pp. 33–42). Santa Fe: Sunstone Press.
Lee, A. H. J., Lee, D. B. H., Shin, Y., & Wall, G. (2016). Creativity and traditional cultural accommodations in sustainable community development: The case of ‘Hanok-stay’ Program in South Korea. Wall Journal of Rural and Community Development, 11(1), 16–29.
Mitchell, C. J. (2013). Creative destruction or creative enhancement? Understanding the transformation of rural spaces. Journal of Rural Studies, 32, 375–387. CrossRef
Pearce, D., & Butler, R. (Eds.). (1993). Tourism research: Critiques and challenges. London: Routledge.
Peck, J. (2005). Struggling with the creative class. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29(4), 740–770. CrossRef
Raymond, C. (2007). Creative tourism New Zealand: the practical challenges of developing creative tourism. In G. Richards & J. Wilson (Eds.), Tourism, creativity and development (pp. 146–157). London: Routledge.
Remoaldo, P. C., Ribeiro, J. C., Vareiro, L., & Santos, J. F. (2014). Tourists’ perceptions of world heritage destinations: The case of Guimarães (Portugal). Tourism and Hospitality Research, 14(4), 206–218. CrossRef
Remoaldo, P.C., Matos, O., Freitas, I., Lopes, H., Ribeiro, V., Gôja, R., Pereira, M. (2018). “Good and not-so-good practices in creative tourism networks and platforms: An international review”. In G. Richards, N. Duxbury A research agenda for creative tourism, London, Edward Elgar 20.
Richards, G., & Raymond, C. (2000). Creative tourism. ATLAS News, 23, 16–20.
Richards, G., & Wilson, J. (2007). Tourism, creativity and development. London: Routledge. CrossRef
Richards, G., & Wilson, A. (2008). From cultural tourism to creative tourism – part 1: The changing context of cultural tourism. Cambridge, MA: ATLAS.
Richards, G. (2011). Creativity and tourism the state of art. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(4), 1225–1253. CrossRef
Richards, G., & Marques, L. (2012). Exploring_creative_tourism – Introduction. Journal of Tourism Consumption and Practice, 4(2), 1–11.
Richards, G. (2014). Creativity and tourism in the city. Current Issues in Tourism, 17(2), 119–144. CrossRef
Robinson, K. (2011). Out of our minds: Learn to be creative. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Smith, M. (2016). Issues in cultural tourism studies (3rd ed.). Routledge: London.
Sternberg, R. J., & Lubart, T. I. (1999). The concept of creativity: Prospects and paradigms. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Tan, S.-K., Kung, S.-F., & Luh, D.-B. (2013). A model of ‘creative experience’ in creative tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 41, 153–174. CrossRef
Tan, S.-K., Luh, D.-B., & Kung, S.-F. (2014). A taxonomy of creative tourists in creative tourism. Tourism Management, 42, 248–259. CrossRef
United Nations. (2016). Trade and development report, 2016. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development: New York, NY.
Yankholmes, A., & Akyeampong, O. (2010). Tourists’ perceptions of heritage tourism development in Danish-Osu, Ghana. International Journal of Tourism Research, 12(5), 603–616.
Câmara Municipal de Loulé. Retrieved May 11, 2018., from http://www.cm-loule.pt/pt/default.aspx
Câmara Municipal da Lousã. Retrieved May 11, 2018., from http://www.cm-lousa.pt/home/
Creative Tourism Austria. Retrieved July 5, 2017., from http://www.kreativreisen.at/en
Creative Tourism New Zealand. Retrieved July 26, 2017., from http://www.creativetourism.co.nz
Creative Paris. Retrieved July 7, 2017., from http://www.creativeparis.info/en/
The Creative Tourism Network. Retrieved July 27, 2017., from http://www.creativetourismnetwork.org
Creative Cities Network. Retrieved September 26, 2017., from http://en.unesco.org/creative-cities/home
- Creative Tourism as a New Challenge to the Development of Destinations: The Portuguese Case Study
- Chapter 5
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia