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Unlike the several liberal states Macklin cites which have already, or will soon, deploy citizenship revocation as an anti-terrorism mechanism, the United States is unlikely to implement similar policies. The U.S. Constitution has been interpreted to prohibit unilateral citizenship-stripping as a tool of governance. Instead, denationalisation via expatriation in the U.S. requires the individual to specifically consent to relinquish the status, and such consent cannot be inferred from acts alone – even from acts which some (including some commentators in this symposium) would like to characterise as intrinsically antithetical to citizenship identity.
‘Stateless in the Dominican Republic: Residents stripped of citizenship’, Aljazeera America, 4 May 2014, available at http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/5/4/stateless-in-thedominicanrepublicresidentsstrippedofcitizenship.html
See ‘British terror suspects quietly stripped of citizenship… then killed by drones,’ The Independent, 28 February 2013, available at http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/british-terror-suspects-quietly-stripped-of-citizenship-then-killed-by-drones-8513858.html and ‘Britain Increasingly Invokes Power to Disown Its Citizens’, The New York Times, 9 April 2014, available at http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/10/world/europe/britains-power-to-disown-its-citizens-raises-questions.html?_r=3
Spiro, P. (2014), ‘Expatriating Terrorists’, Fordham Law Review 82 (5): 2169–2187, at 2177.
For more extensive discussion and citations, see Bosniak, L. (2013), ‘Soil and Citizenship’, Fordham L. Rev. 82 (5): 2069–2075.
Reid v. Covert, 354 U.S. 1 (1957).
E.g., Legomsky, S. H. (2005), ‘The Ethnic and Religious Profiling of Noncitizens: National Security and International Human Rights’, Boston College Third World Law Journal 25 (1): 161-196.
- Denationalisation, Assassination, Territory: Some (U.S.-Prompted) Reflections
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