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Any adequate comparison between the lecture and the case educational methodologies necessarily requires a comparison of their underlying philosophies. This is based on the premise that foundational philosophies underlie educational philosophies, and each educational philosophy favors a certain educational methodology. This chapter, therefore, builds on the previous chapter that discussed how any foundational philosophy can be positioned on a continuum formed by four basic paradigms: functionalist, interpretive, radical humanist, and radical structuralist. This chapter discusses the major educational philosophies, namely: realism; idealism and pragmatism; reconstructionism; and Marxism. It also notes the correspondence between these educational philosophies and the four paradigms. It, furthermore, notes that each educational philosophy favors a certain instructional methodology and when any educational method is utilized, it is used within the bounds of that educational methodology which is based on its educational philosophy and foundational philosophy. That is, different educational methodologies use a given educational method differently.
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- Educational Philosophies
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