Skip to main content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

23.11.2022 | Original Paper

Effect of a Shock-Absorbing Material on Seismic Responses of the Longitudinal Buried Tunnel Using Theoretical Analysis and Finite Element Modeling

verfasst von: Hossein Khademi, Mehdi Mokhberi, Gholamreza Atefatdoost

Erschienen in: Geotechnical and Geological Engineering

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten
share
TEILEN

Abstract

Underground structures such as tunnels are one of the important elements in the transportation network that may show different seismic behavior compared to structures built on the ground due to being buried in the ground and bearing high stresses. Therefore, it is very important to pay attention to the behavior of these structures during seismic loading. In this study, in order to apply the damping approach in the soil-tunnel interaction system, a two-dimensional finite element model is employed with the help of ABAQUS software. For this purpose, the data of four known earthquakes are used to apply seismic load to the soil-tunnel system. Furthermore, depths of 15, 20, 25, 30 and 40 m for the tunnel and thicknesses of 0, 15 and 25 cm for the damper are considered, during which various parameters such as horizontal displacement, stress and tunnel strain response are evaluated. Moreover, to evaluate the effect of the type of damper, the results of the strain and stress applied to the tunnel crown for two types of dampers were compared with each other. It is important to state that the optimum thickness of the damper layer was reported to be 25 cm. The results show that putting a damper layer between the tunnel and the soil can reduce the tunnel’s maximum stress and strain for different seismic waves excitation up to 47% and 37%, respectively. The horizontal displacement of the tunnel in the saturated state is slightly higher than that of the unsaturated state. By and large, the application of shock-absorbing material, especially those with higher elastic modulus, can have an acceptable damping effect on the seismic response of the tunnel-soil interaction system, which is quite helpful for the anti-seismic design of tunnels.
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Argyroudis S, Tsinidis G, Gatti F, Pitilakis K (2017) Effects of SSI and lining corrosion on the seismic vulnerability of shallow circular tunnels. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 98:244–256 CrossRef Argyroudis S, Tsinidis G, Gatti F, Pitilakis K (2017) Effects of SSI and lining corrosion on the seismic vulnerability of shallow circular tunnels. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 98:244–256 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Avanaki MJ (2019) Response modification factors for seismic design of steel fiber reinforced concrete segmental tunnels. Constr Build Mater 211:1042–1049 CrossRef Avanaki MJ (2019) Response modification factors for seismic design of steel fiber reinforced concrete segmental tunnels. Constr Build Mater 211:1042–1049 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bao X, Xia Z, Ye G et al (2017) Numerical analysis on the seismic behavior of a large metro subway tunnel in liquefiable ground. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 66:91–106 CrossRef Bao X, Xia Z, Ye G et al (2017) Numerical analysis on the seismic behavior of a large metro subway tunnel in liquefiable ground. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 66:91–106 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Bao Y, Huang Y, Zhu C (2021) Effects of near-fault ground motions on dynamic response of slopes based on shaking table model tests. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 149:106869 CrossRef Bao Y, Huang Y, Zhu C (2021) Effects of near-fault ground motions on dynamic response of slopes based on shaking table model tests. Soil Dyn Earthq Eng 149:106869 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Chopra AK (1995) Dynamics of structures: theory and applications to earthquake engineering. Prentice Hall. Inc, Upper Saddle River, NJ Chopra AK (1995) Dynamics of structures: theory and applications to earthquake engineering. Prentice Hall. Inc, Upper Saddle River, NJ
Zurück zum Zitat Davarnia D, Farahmand Azar B (2020) A new method for scaling of earthquake records using input energy of structures. Struct Des Tall Special Build 29:e1736 CrossRef Davarnia D, Farahmand Azar B (2020) A new method for scaling of earthquake records using input energy of structures. Struct Des Tall Special Build 29:e1736 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Ding J-H, Jin X-L, Guo Y-Z, Li G-G (2006) Numerical simulation for large-scale seismic response analysis of immersed tunnel. Eng Struct 28:1367–1377 CrossRef Ding J-H, Jin X-L, Guo Y-Z, Li G-G (2006) Numerical simulation for large-scale seismic response analysis of immersed tunnel. Eng Struct 28:1367–1377 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jamali H, Tolooiyan A (2021) Effect of sand content on the liquefaction potential and post-earthquake behaviour of Coode Island Silt. Geotech Geol Eng 39:549–563 CrossRef Jamali H, Tolooiyan A (2021) Effect of sand content on the liquefaction potential and post-earthquake behaviour of Coode Island Silt. Geotech Geol Eng 39:549–563 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jamali H, Tolooiyan A, Dehghani M et al (2018) Post-long-term cyclic behaviour of coode island silt (CIS) containing different sand content. Appl Ocean Res 80:11–23 CrossRef Jamali H, Tolooiyan A, Dehghani M et al (2018) Post-long-term cyclic behaviour of coode island silt (CIS) containing different sand content. Appl Ocean Res 80:11–23 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Jiang L, Chen J, Li J (2010) Seismic response of underground utility tunnels: shaking table testing and FEM analysis. Earthq Eng Eng Vib 9:555–567 CrossRef Jiang L, Chen J, Li J (2010) Seismic response of underground utility tunnels: shaking table testing and FEM analysis. Earthq Eng Eng Vib 9:555–567 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Liu J, Wang D, Bao X (2021) Longitudinal integral response deformation method for the seismic analysis of a tunnel structure. Earthq Eng Eng Vib 20:887–904 CrossRef Liu J, Wang D, Bao X (2021) Longitudinal integral response deformation method for the seismic analysis of a tunnel structure. Earthq Eng Eng Vib 20:887–904 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Möller SC (2006) Tunnel induced settlements and structural forces in linings. Univ Stuttgart, Inst. f. Geotechnik Stuttgart, Germany Möller SC (2006) Tunnel induced settlements and structural forces in linings. Univ Stuttgart, Inst. f. Geotechnik Stuttgart, Germany
Zurück zum Zitat Rezaei AH, Shirzehhagh M, Golpasand MRB (2019) EPB tunneling in cohesionless soils: a study on tabriz metro settlements. Geomech Eng 19:153–165 Rezaei AH, Shirzehhagh M, Golpasand MRB (2019) EPB tunneling in cohesionless soils: a study on tabriz metro settlements. Geomech Eng 19:153–165
Zurück zum Zitat Sun B, Deng M, Zhang S et al (2021) Application of the endurance time methodology on seismic analysis and performance assessment of hydraulic arched tunnels. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 115:104022 CrossRef Sun B, Deng M, Zhang S et al (2021) Application of the endurance time methodology on seismic analysis and performance assessment of hydraulic arched tunnels. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 115:104022 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tsinidis G, Karatzetzou A, Stefanidou S, Markogiannaki O (2022) Developments in seismic vulnerability assessment of tunnels and underground structures. Geotechnics 2:209–249 CrossRef Tsinidis G, Karatzetzou A, Stefanidou S, Markogiannaki O (2022) Developments in seismic vulnerability assessment of tunnels and underground structures. Geotechnics 2:209–249 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Tsinidis G, Pitilakis K, Mantikas G (2016) Deformation patterns of rectangular tunnels in soft soils subjected to ground shaking. In: Proceedings of the 1st ICONHIC international conference on natural hazards & infrastructure. Chania, Greece. pp 1–9 Tsinidis G, Pitilakis K, Mantikas G (2016) Deformation patterns of rectangular tunnels in soft soils subjected to ground shaking. In: Proceedings of the 1st ICONHIC international conference on natural hazards & infrastructure. Chania, Greece. pp 1–9
Zurück zum Zitat Yan L, Haider A, Li P, Song E (2020) A numerical study on the transverse seismic response of lined circular tunnels under obliquely incident asynchronous P and SV waves. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 97:103235 CrossRef Yan L, Haider A, Li P, Song E (2020) A numerical study on the transverse seismic response of lined circular tunnels under obliquely incident asynchronous P and SV waves. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 97:103235 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Yesane PM, Ghugal YM, Wankhade RL (2016) Study on soil-structure interaction: a review. Int J Eng Res 5:737–741 Yesane PM, Ghugal YM, Wankhade RL (2016) Study on soil-structure interaction: a review. Int J Eng Res 5:737–741
Zurück zum Zitat Zaid M, Mishra S, Rao KS (2020) Finite element analysis of static loading on urban tunnels. Geotechnical characterization and modelling. Springer, Berlin, pp 807–823 CrossRef Zaid M, Mishra S, Rao KS (2020) Finite element analysis of static loading on urban tunnels. Geotechnical characterization and modelling. Springer, Berlin, pp 807–823 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Zhang J, Yan Q, Sun M et al (2021) Experimental study on the vibration damping of two parallel shield tunnels connected by an assembled transverse passage. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 107:103659 CrossRef Zhang J, Yan Q, Sun M et al (2021) Experimental study on the vibration damping of two parallel shield tunnels connected by an assembled transverse passage. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 107:103659 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Zhao X, Wang G, Lu W et al (2018) Effects of close proximity underwater explosion on the nonlinear dynamic response of concrete gravity dams with orifices. Eng Fail Anal 92:566–586 CrossRef Zhao X, Wang G, Lu W et al (2018) Effects of close proximity underwater explosion on the nonlinear dynamic response of concrete gravity dams with orifices. Eng Fail Anal 92:566–586 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Zhuang H (2006) Study on nonlinear dynamic soil-underground structure interaction and its large-size shaking table test. Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing Zhuang H (2006) Study on nonlinear dynamic soil-underground structure interaction and its large-size shaking table test. Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing
Zurück zum Zitat Zou Y, Zhang Y, Liu H et al (2021) Performance-based seismic assessment of shield tunnels by incorporating a nonlinear pseudostatic analysis approach for the soil-tunnel interaction. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 114:103981 CrossRef Zou Y, Zhang Y, Liu H et al (2021) Performance-based seismic assessment of shield tunnels by incorporating a nonlinear pseudostatic analysis approach for the soil-tunnel interaction. Tunn Undergr Space Technol 114:103981 CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Effect of a Shock-Absorbing Material on Seismic Responses of the Longitudinal Buried Tunnel Using Theoretical Analysis and Finite Element Modeling
verfasst von
Hossein Khademi
Mehdi Mokhberi
Gholamreza Atefatdoost
Publikationsdatum
23.11.2022
Verlag
Springer International Publishing
Erschienen in
Geotechnical and Geological Engineering
Print ISSN: 0960-3182
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-1529
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10706-022-02330-3