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2015 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Entering the Bio Based Economy—Verification of Demand on Education in the Field of Green Economy

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Abstract

So far worldwide economy was oil-based. Oil and other examples of fossil energy were used for fuel, for heating, for the production of a wide range of products like plastics, medicines, food additives, etc. This oil-based economy has many consequences—global warming due to a growing production of carbon dioxide, limited quantities of oil, dependency on unstable countries and/or governments. These consequences have led to a search for alternatives for oil in many sectors:
  • renewable energy, like wind and solar energy,
  • bio-fuel, like bio-diesel and bio-gas,
  • production of raw materials for further processing, like fibres and dyes,
  • additives, alternatives for plastics, etc.
From this point of view, global climate changes, the greenhouse gas emissions and reduced sources of traditional fossil fuels are one of the most serious environmental problems of present time. This fact was the starting point for Directive 2009/28/EC, which defined two objectives in the area of RES, the mandatory 20 % share of RES in gross final energy consumption in the European Community and the mandatory 10 % share of RES in transport, which all Member States must achieve by 2020. In 2011 was the share of renewable energy sources in total energy production in the European Union 13 % (http://​epp.​eurostat.​ec.​europa.​eu/​portal/​page/​portal/​statistics/​search_​database). The article presents general state in the Bio Based Economy (Green Economy or BBE) and a way how to increase the attractiveness and accessibility of vocational education and training for employees in green economy in the selected European countries.

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Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat R.W.F. Hardy, The bio-based economy. Trends in new crops and new uses, pp. 11–16 (ASHS Press, Alexandria, 2002) R.W.F. Hardy, The bio-based economy. Trends in new crops and new uses, pp. 11–16 (ASHS Press, Alexandria, 2002)
2.
Zurück zum Zitat J. Sanders, D. Van der Hoeven, Opportunities for a bio-based economy in the Netherlands. Energies 1, 105–119 (2008) CrossRef J. Sanders, D. Van der Hoeven, Opportunities for a bio-based economy in the Netherlands. Energies 1, 105–119 (2008) CrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat R.M. Rowell, in The state of art and future development of bio-based composite science and technology towards the 21st century, ed. by Y.S. Hadi. Proceedings: The Fourth Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composite Symposium (Bogor, Indonesia, 1998) R.M. Rowell, in The state of art and future development of bio-based composite science and technology towards the 21st century, ed. by Y.S. Hadi. Proceedings: The Fourth Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composite Symposium (Bogor, Indonesia, 1998)
Metadaten
Titel
Entering the Bio Based Economy—Verification of Demand on Education in the Field of Green Economy
verfasst von
Zuzana Palkova
Copyright-Jahr
2015
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16901-9_3