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Working and interacting in foreign languages is widespread. While the relationship between language and behavior has been discussed for many years, empirical evidence for behavioral effects of foreign language use is surprisingly scarce. This work disentangles possible effects of foreign language use and culture and contributes to the experimental evidence of language-related effects. Findings from an international series of laboratory studies, conducted to investigate language-related effects on creativity and cooperation, are presented and discussed. Insights are drawn from a cross-country dataset with pairings between three languages.
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Mid and long-term future of the world’s linguistic diversity and foreign language use seem more uncertain. On the one hand, our world is becoming increasingly globalized, which should promote foreign language use and drive linguistic consolidation. On the other hand, technologies for automated simultaneous translations are on the rise (see, e.g., Brynjolfsson & McAfee, 2004; Brynjolfsson, Hui, & Liu, 2018), potentially leading to a decrease of foreign language use and counterbalancing the consolidation pressure.
52 participants with several mother tongues or a mother tongue that was neither English, French, or German had to be excluded from analysis.
i.e., emotional reactions are weakened in a foreign language setting (see, e.g. Dewaele, 2004; 2010; Pavlenko, 2005)
Explicit memory can be subdivided into episodic and semantic memory. Episodic memory stores events and experiences and is believed to be more easily retrieved when the linguistic environment of the storage matches the linguistic environment of retrieval. Semantic memory stores general facts and is believed to be independent of the linguistic context. (see Bartolotti and Marian, 2013)
39 Participants whose mother tongue structure prevented a random assignment to either the treatment or the control group were excluded from analysis.
Kahneman’s (e.g., 2003; 2011) dual process theory of cognition distinguishes between intuitive, fast and automatic processing (type 1), and slower, deliberate processing with conscious judgments (type 2).
- Introduction and Overview
- Chapter 1
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