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Three of the four BRIC countries are located in Asia. However, there are more significant actors regarding chemicals industry. This chapter explores chemical regulation in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore. The previous chapter demonstrated that lack of financial, administrative and human resources as well as technical obstacles with domestic regulation resulted in very weak response to REACH. Countries analyzed in this chapter have significant chemical industry and sufficient resources and expertise to overcome problems related to developing countries. What was the response of Japan, South Korea, Taiwan or Singapore to REACH and to what extent their domestic regulation is comparable to the EU’s REACH?
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The Act on the Evaluation of Chemical Substances and Regulation of Their Manufacture (Kagakubushitu Shinsa Kisei Hou), Act No.117 of 16 October 1973.
The new chemical substance should be also notified according to Industrial Safety and Health Law (ISHL), which entered into force in 1972 aimed the protection of workers from chemicals. It regulates the use of „new substances “as well as other „prohibited“, „permitted“, „indicated “and notified substances used on the workplace and established ISHL inventory which is in some aspect parallel to inventory under CSCL.
As noted by Naiki ( 2010) industry responsibility is not explicitly stated in contrast to REACH and the burden on industry is much smaller than in the case of REACH. For example while in the EU industry is required to submit Chemical Safety Report, in Japan chemical safety assessment is conducted by the government (Naiki 2010: 186). The nature of the system thus differs in this way.
In full The Act on the Registration and Evaluation of Chemicals (AREC).
On January 2015 CCA was partially revised and Publisher as Law No. 13035, implemented on 21 July 2015.
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- REACH and the Far East
- Chapter 7