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Kutlay develops a conceptual framework that explains persistence and change in reactive states. The chapter offers a much-needed reconceptualization of “state capacity” to make the term operationalizable. Kutlay argues that reform outcomes are the products of complex interplay between agents and institutional structures. Having relied on state capacity, critical junctures, and policy entrepreneurship literatures, the chapter proposes a three-stage framework that tries to capture this intricacy. The conceptual framework reveals why implementing economic reforms are so difficult in reactive states and explores when and how crises alter this recalcitrant path dependence. Kutlay offers crisis narrative approach as an organizing concept of the three-stage framework.
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- Reforming the Reactive States: A Framework for Analysis
- Chapter 2
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