Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
The chapter researches the role of the European Parliament (EP) in the politically charged Brexit process and outlines the opportunities and challenges that it implies. The EP’s role is explored within four specific dimensions: (1) constitutional dimension, (2) procedural dimension, (3) party-political dimension and (4) national-interest dimension. Within the constitutional dimension, the analysis focuses firstly on how the EP has reacted institutionally to Brexit (i.e. in terms of setting up special committees or working groups) and secondly on the relationship between the EP and other European Union (EU) institutions, reflecting on the interinstitutional balance and dynamics in the withdrawal process. The procedural dimension concentrates on the extent to which the EP has been able to influence the withdrawal process as opposed to only giving or withholding its consent to any final deal negotiated between the British government and the European Commission. In this context, attention is paid also to the balance between the EP’s formal and informal role(s) in the Brexit process. Within the party-political dimension, the chapter discusses the partisan influence, exploring if and how party-political ties impact EP’s performance vis-à-vis Brexit. Finally, the national-interest dimension addresses the extent to which members of the parliament (MEPs) are (or are not) split along national lines when it comes to taking positions on the UK’s withdrawal from the EU.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Archick, K. (2014, December 1). US–EU Cooperation Against Terrorism (CRS Report No. RS22030). https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS22030.pdf
Armstrong, K. (2016, October 27). Bootstrapping Brexit: A European Rescue of the Nation State? UK Constitutional Law Association. https://ukconstitutionallaw.org/2016/10/27/kenneth-armstrong-bootstrapping-brexit-a-european-rescue-of-the-nation-state/
Beach, D. (2007). The European Parliament in the 2000 IGC and the Constitutional Treaty Negotiations: From Loser to Winner. Journal of European Public Policy, 14(8), 1271–1292. CrossRef
Bressanelli, E., Chelotti, N., & Lehmann, W. (forthcoming). To Consent or not to Consent: The European Parliament and Brexit. Journal of European Integration (Special Issue).
Brexit Steering Group. (2017a, July). Assessment of the UK Paper “Safeguarding the Position of EU Citizens Living in the UK and UK Nationals Living in the EU”. Brexit Steering Group. http://www.epgencms.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/upload/95afb4b8-abc2-4cd5-8d9f-231348367198/BSG_Position_on_UK_Paper_on_Citizens_rights.pdf
Brexit Steering Group. (2017b, July 7). Remarks on Commission Position Papers on “Other Separation Issues”. Brexit Steering Group. http://www.epgencms.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/upload/e73e1a54-e3da-47b2-a541-68f31e53ac94/BSG_comments_COM_7_first_versions_of_position_papers.pdf
Brexit Steering Group. (2017c, September 20). Remarks on Commission Position Papers on “Other Separation Issues. Brexit Steering Group. http://www.epgencms.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/upload/b569097c-044a-4685-82a4-3e04bacd51bb/BSG_comments_COM_position_papers_6_September.pdf
Brexit Steering Group. (2017d, September 4). The Brexit Steering Group Comments on “EU/UK Positions on Citizens’ Rights”. Brexit Steering Group. http://www.epgencms.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/upload/95afb4b8-abc2-4cd5-8d9f-231348367198/BSG_Position_on_UK_Paper_on_Citizens_rights.pdf
Carmona, J., Cîrlig, C. C., & Sgueo, G. (2017, March). UK Withdrawal from the European Union: Legal and Procedural Issues. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/IDAN/2017/599352/EPRS_IDA%282017%29599352_EN.pdf
Casert, R., & Moulson, G. (2016, December 16). EU Rebuffs Legislature’s Bid for Bigger Role in Brexit Talks. AP News. https://apnews.com/e335774195f9459ab13e4f6668b722b8
Cooper, H. (2016, September 12). How the European Parliament Will Play Brexit. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/how-the-european-parliament-will-play-brexit/
De La Baume, M. (2017a, March 28). European Parliament to Play ‘Bad Cop’ in Brexit Talks. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/european-parliament-to-play-bad-cop-in-brexit-talks/
De La Baume, M. (2017b, May 4). MEPs Tell Britain: Without Us, No Deal. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/eu-to-u-k-on-brexit-beware-of-the-european-parliament-veto-negotiations-constitutional-committee/
De La Baume, M. (2017c, April 7). Parliament’s Brexit Man Has His Wings Clipped. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/parliaments-brexit-man-has-his-wings-clipped/
De La Baume, M. (2018, July 3). MEPs to Send UK Complaint Over Post-Brexit Plans for EU Citizens. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/guy-verhofstadt-meps-to-send-uk-complaint-over-post-brexit-plans-for-eu-citizens/
De La Baume, M., & Herszenhorn, D. (2017, September 1). Brexit Warning: Forget the European Parliament at Your Peril. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/brexit-warning-forget-the-european-parliament-at-your-peril/
Dinan, D. (2014). Governance and Institutions: The Unrelenting Rise of the European Parliament. Journal of Common Market Studies, 5, Annual Review, 109–124.
Eckers, C. (2015). How the European Parliament’s Participation in International Relations Affects the Deep Tissue of the EU’s Power Structures. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 12(4), 904–929. CrossRef
EPP Group. (2018). Hot Topic – Brexit. EPP Group in the European Parliament. http://www.eppgroup.eu/hot-topic/brexit
European Council. (2016, December 15). Statement After the Informal Meeting of the 27 Heads of State or Government, 15 December 2016. European Council. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2016/12/15/statement-informal-meeting-27/
European Parliament. (2016). European Parliament Resolution of 28 June 2016 on the Decision to Leave the EU Resulting from the UK Referendum (2016/2800(RSP). http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2016-0294+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN
European Parliament. (2017a). European Parliament Resolution of 3 October 2017 on the State of Play of Negotiations with the United Kingdom (2017/2847(RSP)). http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2017-0361+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN
European Parliament. (2017b). European Parliament Resolution of 5 April 2017 on Negotiations with the United Kingdom Following Its Notification That It Intends to Withdraw from the European Union (2017/2593(RSP)). http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2017-0102+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN
European Parliament. (2017c). European Parliament Resolution of 13 December 2017 on the State of Play of Negotiations with the United Kingdom (2017/2964(RSP)). http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2017-0490+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN
European Parliament. (2017d, March 31). Motion for a Resolution to Wind Up the Debate on Negotiations with the United Kingdom Following Its Notification that It Intends to Withdraw from the European Union Pursuant to Rule 123(2) of the Rules of Procedure. European Parliament. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?language=EN&reference=B8-2017-0243&type=MOTION
European Parliament. (2018a). Brexit. European Parliament. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/unitedkingdom/en/ukevents/brexit.html
European Parliament. (2018b, March 14). Debates – Wednesday, 14 March 2018 – Strasbourg. European Parliament. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+CRE+20180314+ITEM-009-01+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=EN
European Parliament. (2018c). European Parliament Resolution of 14 March 2018 on the Framework of the Future EU-UK Relationship (2018/2573(RSP)). http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2018-0069+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=EN
Farrand, B. (2015). Lobbying and Lawmaking in the European Union: The Development of Copyright Law and the Rejection of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 35(3), 487–514. CrossRef
Frennhoff Larsen, M. (2017). The Increasing Power of the European Parliament: Negotiating the EU-India Free Trade Agreement. International Negotiation, 22(3), 1–26. CrossRef
Gostyńska-Jakubowska, A. (2017, February). Parliamentarians in Brexit Talks: Bulls in a China Shop? Centre for European Reform.
Horten, M. (2017, December 22). Consent and Consensus: 5 Ways the European Parliament Influences Brexit. IPtegrity. http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php/brexit/1075-consent-and-consensus-5-ways-the-european-parliament-influences-brexit
Guarascio, F. (2017, May 5). EU Lawmakers Adopt Brexit Resolution, Reject Pro-Gibraltar Hint. Reuters. https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-eu-europeanparliament/eu-lawmakers-adopt-brexit-resolution-reject-pro-gibraltar-hint-idUKKBN1771BN
GUE/NGL. (2018). Brexit Working Group. http://guengl-brexit.eu/index.php/a-propos-de/
Jupille, J., & Caporaso, J. A. (1998). States, Agency, and Rules: The European Union in Global Environmental Politics. In C. Rhodes (Ed.), The European Union in the World Community. Boulder: Westview Press.
Kaeding, M., & Obholzer, L. (2012). Pulling the Strings: Party Group Coordinators in the European Parliament. EIPAScope, 1, 13–18.
Kaunert, C., et al. (2015). The European Parliament in the External Dimension of EU Counterterrorism: More Actorness, Accountability and Oversight 10 Years on? Intelligence and National Security, 30(2–3), 357–376. CrossRef
Macdonald, A., & Guarascio, F. (2016, December 15). EU parliament Warns Talks Plan Risks Brexit Deal Veto. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-britain-eu-parliament/eu-parliament-warns-talks-plan-risks-brexit-deal-veto-idUSKBN1441LG
Meissner, K. (2016). Democratizing EU External Relations: The European Parliament’s Informal Role in SWIFT, ACTA, and TTIP. European Foreign Affairs Review, 21(2), 269–288.
McGowan, L. (2018). Preparing for Brexit: Actors, Negotiations and Consequences. London: Palgrave Macmillan. CrossRef
McTague, T., & Herszenhorn, D. (2018, March 9). UK’s New Brexit Best Friend … Guy Verhofstadt. Politico. https://www.politico.eu/article/brexit-negotiation-uk-open-to-eu-association-agreement/
Miller, V., et al. (2017). Brexit: How Does the Article 50 Process Work? Research Briefing–Parliament. http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7551#fullreport
Nugent, N. (2017). The Crisis and the EU’s Institutions, Political Actors and Processes. In D. Dinan et al. (Eds.), The European Union in Crisis (pp. 167–188). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Pufleau, M. V. (2017). The Impact of Parliamentary Diplomacy, Civil Society and Human Rights Advocacy on EU Strategic Partners: The Case of Mexico. In S. Stavridis & D. Jančić (Eds.), Parliamentary Diplomacy in European and Global Governance. Diplomatic Studies Series (Vol. 13, pp. 134–155). Leiden: Brill Nijhoff. CrossRef
Rankin, J., & Boffey, D. (2017, December 12). David Davis Scrambles to Salvage EU Relations After ‘Damaging Trust’. https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/dec/12/david-davis-has-damaged-trust-in-the-uk-for-brexit-talks-says-verhofstadt
Richardson, L. (2012). The Post-Lisbon Role of the European Parliament in the EU’s Common Commercial Policy: Implications for Bilateral Trade Negotiations (EU Diplomacy Paper 05). Brugge, College of Europe.
Rittberger, B. (2003). The Creation and Empowerment of the European Parliament. Journal of Common Market Studies, 41(2), 203–225. CrossRef
Robinson, D. (2017, March 29). Trigger Morning. Financial Times. https://www.ft.com/content/ce8db6bd-e45c-389e-9889-115ad1ff8484
Roederer-Rynning, C. (2017). Parliamentary Assertion and Deep Integration: The European Parliament in the CETA and TTIP Negotiations. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 30(5–6), 507–526. CrossRef
Rosén, G. (2015). EU Confidential: The European Parliament’s Involvement in EU Security and Defence Policy. Journal of Common Market Studies, 53(2), 383–398. CrossRef
S&D. (2018, March 4). Labour MEPs: UK Must Keep New EU Rule Enabling Travellers to Watch Netflix and Other Digital Subscriptions Abroad. http://www.socialistsanddemocrats.eu/newsroom/labour-meps-uk-must-keep-new-eu-rule-enabling-travellers-watch-netflix-and-other-digital
Scotti, V. R. (2016). The European Parliament and Counterterrorism in the Euro-Mediterranean Area. Mediterranean Quarterly, 27(4), 81–99. CrossRef
Schulz, M. (2016). Speech of the President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz at the European Council of 15 December 2016. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/former_ep_presidents/president-schulz-2014-2016/de-en/press-room/speech
Servent, A. R. (2014). The Role of the European Parliament in International Negotiations After Lisbon. Journal of European Public Policy, 21(4), 568–586. CrossRef
Stoll, P. T. (2017). The Role and Powers of the European Parliament in the Brexit Process. European Parliament, Directorate General for Internal Policies: Policy Department A Economic And Scientific Policy.
Thalassites, J. (2018, March 13). BREXIT News: Splits Emerge in European Parliament as Guy Verhofstadt Goes AGAINST Tusk. The Daily Express. https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/930950/brexit-news-guy-verhofstadt-european-parliament-EU-association-agreement
The Business Times. (2016, December 15). EU Parliament Warns Talks Plan Risks Brexit Deal Veto. The Business Times. http://www.businesstimes.com.sg/government-economy/eu-parliament-warns-talks-plan-risks-brexit-deal-veto
Vlassis, A. (2015). The European Parliament Within the Global Governance of Culture: Voice and Influence. CONGRES AFSP Aix 2015 ST 43: Le Parlement européen, acteur international et institution parlementaire international (IPI): exemples et comparaisons avec d’autres IPIs. https://orbi.uliege.be/bitstream/2268/183739/1/ST43Vlassis.pdf
Waterfield, B., & Coates, S. (2016, December 13). Theresa May Must Stop David Davis Becoming a Threat to Brexit Talks, Say MEPs. The Times. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/theresa-may-must-stop-david-davis-becoming-a-threat-to-brexit-talks-say-meps-3lx60399c
Yan, S. (2015). The Actorness of the European Parliament in EU-China Bilateral Investment Treaty Negotiations. EU-China Observer, 3, 23–28.
+ interviews and correspondence with selected MEPs. (January–April 2018).
- The European Parliament in the Brexit Process: Leading Role, Supporting Role or Just a Small Cameo?
Monika Brusenbauch Meislova
- Chapter 10