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Among the serious economic problems faced by developed countries like Japan, decreasing population and unemployment are the most difficult to deal with. One of the reasons is that these two phenomena are supposedly contradictory—a decreasing population usually implies a shortage of workers. In Japan, temporary economic recession generates a large number of unemployed persons—as many as 3.67 million as of September 2009 and around 1 million more than the October 2008 figures. The working-age population of Japan has been decreasing since 1995, and it has become necessary to introduce foreign workers to sustain long-term economic performance. However, recent economic conditions have diverted attention from this impending issue to the pressing problem of how to supply enough job opportunities to domestic labor.
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- Unemployment, Environmental Policy, and International Migration
- Springer Singapore
- Chapter 10
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