Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter uses her voting behaviour model to examine South Africa’s voting behaviour within the UN in the field of human rights between 1994 and 2014. The chapter sets out to investigate the context behind South Africa’s reputation going from that in 1994—of a country wholly committed to human rights and democracy promotion around the world, to having a tarnished human rights status in 2007. The Chapter finds that South Africa’s voting behaviour on human rights is mixed. More specifically three considerations have, at times, trumped human rights in South Africa’s voting conduct: incongruence in foreign policymakers’ position on human rights, respect for state sovereignty and solidarity, and an unwillingness to be dominated by the West.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Alden, C., & Le Pere, G. (2003). South Africa’s post-apartheid foreign policy—From reconciliation to revival? In Adelphi paper 362, international institute for strategic studies. New York: Oxford University Press Inc.
Baehr, R. B., & Gordenker, L. (2005). The united nations: Reality and ideal. Hampshire: Palgrave. CrossRef
Baker, P.H., & Lyman, P.N. (2008). South Africa: From beacon of hope to rogue democracy. Working paper: Power and principles: International leadership in a shrinking world. Muscatine, IA: The Stanley Foundation.
Barber, J. (2005). The new South Africa’s foreign policy: Principles and practice. International Affairs, 81(5), 1079–1096. CrossRef
Black, D. (2001). Lever or cover? South Africa, multilateral institutions and the promotion of human rights. In P. Nel, I. Taylor, & J. Van der Westhuizen (Eds.), South Africa’s multilateral diplomacy and global change: The limits of reformism. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Black, D., & Wilson, Z. (2004). Rights, region and identity: Exploring the ambiguities of South Africa’s regional human rights role. Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies, 31(1), 27–47. CrossRef
Clapham, A. (2007). Human rights: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Cornelissen, S. (2006). Displaced multilateralism? South Africa’s participation at the United Nations, disjunctures, continuities and contrasts. In D. Lee, I. Taylor, & P. D. Williams (Eds.), The new multilateralism in South African diplomacy. Palgrave Macmillan: Houndmills.
Corrigan, T. (2009a). South Africa’s foreign engagement: Whither human rights? Workshop report. Johannesburg: South African Institute of International Affairs.
Davidson, S. (2004). Introduction. In A. Conte, S. Davidson, & R. Burchillo (Eds.), Defining civil and political rights: The jurisprudence of the UN human rights committee. England: Ashgate.
Dickey, S. (Ed.) (2001). Worldmark encyclopedia of the nations: United Nations. Farmington Hills: Detroit Gale Group.
Donnelly, J. (2003). Universal human rights in theory and practice. New York: Cornell University Press.
Fasulo, L. (2004). An insider’s guide to the UN. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Graham, V. (2006). How firm the handshake? South Africa’s use of quiet diplomacy in Zimbabwe from 1999 to 2006. African Security Review, 15(4), 114–127. CrossRef
Holloway, S. (1990). Forty years of United Nations general assembly voting. Canadian Journal of Political Science, 23(2), 279–296. CrossRef
Jacobs, C., & Kollapen, J. (2009). The UN human rights council: New wine in old bottles? In A. Adebajo (Ed.), From global apartheid to global village: Africa and the United Nations. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.
Jordaan, E. (2008). Barking at the big dogs: South Africa’s foreign policy towards the middle east. The Round Table, 97(397), 547–559. CrossRef
Kagwanja, P. (2009). Cry sovereignty: South Africa in the UN Security Council, 2007–2008. In P. Kagwanja & K. Kondlo (Eds.), State of the Nation: South Africa 2008. Cape Town: HSRC Press.
Kaufmann, J. (1996). Conference diplomacy. London: Macmillan Press Ltd. CrossRef
Landman, T., & Carvalho, E. (2010). Measuring human rights. London: Routledge.
Le Pere, G., & Van Nieuwkerk, A. (2002). Facing the new millennium: South Africa’s foreign policy in a globalising world. In K. G. Adar & R. Ajulu (Eds.), Globalisation and emerging trade in African States foreign policy-making process. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Mandela, N. (1993). South Africa’s future foreign policy. Foreign Affairs, 72(5), 86–97. CrossRef
Mashaba, M. (2008) Analysis of the department of foreign affairs annual report: 2007– 2008. Cape Town: Parliament Research Unit.
Mbeki, T. (2003, December 4). “Guardian” Lecture of the President of South Africa; Thabo Mbeki: Nigerian Institute of International Affairs; Lagos. Retrieved February 1, 2012, from http://www.polity.org.za/article/mbeki-guardian-lecture-nigerian-institute-of-international-affairs-04122003-2003-12-04
M2 Presswire. (2001, November 28). Third Committee’s adoption of draft resolution on State sovereignty and human rights draws strong debate. Retrieved June 20, 2009, from http://www.m2.com/m2/web/story.php/200140A9374419A1A97580256B1100804667
Nathan, L. (2005). Consistency and inconsistencies in South African foreign policy. International Affairs, 81(2), 361–372. CrossRef
Nathan, L. (2008). Anti-imperialism trumps human rights: South Africa’ s approach to the Darfur conflict. Crisis States Research Centre, Working Paper, No. 31.
Oberleitner, G. (2007). Global human rights institutions: Between remedy and ritual. Cambridge: Polity.
Olivier, G. (2003). Is Thabo Mbeki Africa’s saviour? International Affairs, 79(4), 815–828. CrossRef
Olivier, G. (2006). Ideology in South African foreign policy. Politeia, 25(2), 168–182.
Pfister, R. (2000). South Africa’s post-apartheid foreign policy towards Africa. Electronic Journal of Africana Bibliography, 6, 1–41.
Ronen, Y. (2008). Qaddafi’s Libya in World politics. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Ryall, D. (1997). Caught between two worlds: Understudy South Africa’s foreign policy options. Third World Quarterly, 18(2), 397–402. CrossRef
Selebi, J. (1999). South Africa’s foreign policy: Setting new goals and strategies. South African Journal of International Affairs, 6(2), 207–216. CrossRef
Serrão, O., & Bischoff, P.-H. (2009). Foreign policy ambiguity on the part of an emergent middle power: South African foreign policy through other lenses. Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies, 36(3), 363–380. CrossRef
Shubin, V. (1995). Flinging the doors open: Foreign policy of the new South Africa. Southern African Perspectives: A Working Paper Series, No. 43.
Sidiropoulos, E. (2008). South African foreign policy in the post-Mbeki period. South African Journal of International Affairs, 15(2), 107–120. CrossRef
Smith, C. B. (2006). Politics and process at the United Nations: The global dance. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Sutterlin, J. S. (2007). South Africa enters the Security Council. Focus, 46, 14–17.
Suttner, R. (1995). Some Problematic Questions in Developing Foreign Policy After April 27. Bellville: University of the Western Cape: Centre for Southern African Studies.
Van Aardt, M. (1996). A foreign policy to die for: South Africa’s response to the Nigerian crisis. Africa Insight, 26(2), 107–119.
Van der Westhuizen, J., Taylor, I., & Nel, P. (2001). Of rogues, rebels, renegades and reformers: South African multilateralism in context. In P. Nel, I. Taylor, & J. Van der Westhuizen (Eds.), South Africa’s multilateral diplomacy and global change: The limits of reformism. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Van Nieuwkerk, A. (2007). A critique of South Africa’s role on the UN Security Council. South African Journal of International Affairs, 14(1), 61–77. CrossRef
Voeten, E. (2000). Clashes in the assembly. International Organisation, 54(2), 185–215. CrossRef
White Paper for Social Welfare. (1997, August), Republic of South Africa.
Allison, S. (2014). Analysis: South Africa’s strange bedfellows at the UN's Human Rights Council. Daily Maverick. Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2014-05-22-analysis-south-africas-strange-bedfellows-at-the-human-rights-council/#.Vk8mq3YrLIU
Amnesty International. (2008). Zimbabwe violence reaches crisis levels. Retrieved March 20, 2010, from https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2008/05/zimbabwe-violence-reaches-crisis-levels-20080516/
Basel. (2011). Parties to the basel convention. Retrieved September 20, 2011, from http://www.basel.int/Countries/Statusofratifications/PartiesSignatories/tabid/1290/language/en-US/Default.aspx
BBC News. (2004). Mercenaries in Africa’s conflicts. British Broadcasting Corporation, 15 March. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3501632.stm
BBC News. (2007). Opposition to Darfur resolution. British Broadcasting Corporation, 17 July. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/6902400.stm
Bogert, C. (2008). South Africa’s human rights reputation tarnished. Retrieved September 15, 2008, from http://www.hrw.org/news/2008/09/07/south-africas-human-rights-reputation-tarnished
Borer, T. A., & Mills, K. (2009). South Africa and international responsibilities: Unsettled identity and unclear interest. Paper Prepared for the International Studies Association 2009 Annual Meeting, 15–18 February. Retrieved March 12, 2012, from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p_mla_apa_research_citation/3/1/1/3/8/pages311385/p311385-1.php
Camerer, S. (2007). SA ambassador opposes UN “rape as war weapon” resolution. Retrieved March 13, 2008, from http://thoughtleader.co.za/sheilacamerer/2007/11/12/sa-ambassador-opposes-un-rape-as-war-weapon-resolution/
Corrigan, T. (2009b). Human rights and wrongs. Diplomatic Pouch. Retrieved December 8, 2009 http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/human-rights-and-wrongs
DFA (2006a) ‘South Africa’s non-permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council (2007 and 2008)’. Presentation to Roundtable Discussion, Department of Foreign Affairs, 22 November 2006.
DFA. (2006b). Non-aligned movement, Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved August 28, 2011, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/foreign/Multilateral/inter/nam.htm
DFA. (2007a). Welcome remarks and introduction by Minister of Defence, 14 February 2007, Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved March 7, 2011, http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/speeches/2007/leko0215.htm
DFA. (2008). South Africa within the United Nations Security Council, Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved March 20, 2010, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/images/gallery2/sa_un.pdf
DFA. (2010). Iran (Islamic Republic of), Department of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved October 2, 2010, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/foreign/bilateral/iran.html
DFA News and Events. (2007a). Foreign Affairs Minister Professor Dlamini-Zuma honoured by the Belarusian State University. Retrieved March 20, 2010, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2007/bela0713.htm
DFA News and Events. (2007b). South African vote in the United Nations Security Council. Retrieved March 2, 2008, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2007pq/pq22.htm
DFA News and Events. (2007c). Banquet remarks of the President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, in honour of the President of Sudan, Omar Hassan Ahmed El Bashir: Tuynhuys, Cape Town, November 6, 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2008, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/speeches/2007/mbek1107.htm
DFA News and Events. (2007d). Notes following media briefing by Deputy Minister Aziz Pahad, Media Centre, 20 November 120 Plein Street, Cape Town Tuesday 20 November 2007. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/speeches/2007/paha1121.htm
DIRCO. (2010a). Department of International Relations and Cooperation. The government of South Africa votes on the proposed US amendment on the resolution on extra judicial, summary and arbitrary executions. South African Government Information: Department of International Relations and Cooperation. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/2010/judi-sum1223.html
DLA. (2005). Threat to the peace: A call for the UN Security Council to act in Burma, DLA Piper Rudnick Gray Cary, US. Retrieved April 20, 2010, from http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs3/threat.pdf
Europe-Solidaire. (2009). A resolution at the UN on economic, social and cultural rights of religious minorities and other persons in vulnerable situations. Retrieved October 20, 2015, from http://www.europe-solidaire.org/spip.php?article13362
EWN. (2015b). Zuma finally speaks out on xenophobic attacks. Retrieved November 5, 2015, from http://ewn.co.za/2015/04/10/Zuma-speaks-out-on-xenophobic-attacks
Freedom House. (2014). Freedom in the World 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2015, from https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2014
Heinlein, P. (2007). Britain wants UN Security Council attention on Zimbabwe. Retrieved April 18, 2009, from http://www.voanews.com/content/a-13-2007-03-16-voa73/347516.html
HRC. (2007, October 2). Human Rights Council, ‘Round-up: Human Rights Council concludes fifth special session. Retrieved June 30, 2011, from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=2227&LangID=E
Human Rights Watch. (2009). World report. Retrieved January 4, 2010, from http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/wr2009_web.pdf
Human Rights Watch. (2015). World report 2015; South Africa. Retrieved October 20, 2015, from https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2015/country-chapters/south-africa
Kumalo, D.S. (2000, October 31). Statement by D.S. Kumalo, Ambassador for South Africa at the United Nations, to the Fourth Committee under item 84 “UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)”. Retrieved April 11, 2009, from http://www.nam.gov.za/media/001031pal.htm
Kumalo, D.S. (2006b). Statement by D.S. Kumalo, Ambassador for South Africa at the United Nations, on behalf of the Group of 77 and China to the UN on agenda item 65: comprehensive implementation and follow-up to the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action, in the Third Committee of the General Assembly, 6 November 2006, New York. Retrieved June 15, 2010, from http://www.g77.org/Speeches/110606.html
Kumalo, D.S. (2008). Security Council resolution 1850 (2008) [on the implementation of the Quartet Performance-based Road Map to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict], 16 December, New York (S/PV.6045).
Kumalo, D.S. (2008, October 6). Statement by Ambassador Dumisani S. Kumalo, Permanent Representative of the Republic of South Africa, on the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples at the Special Political and Decolonisation Committee (Fourth Committee), UNGA. Retrieved October 24, 2015, from http://www.southafrica-newyork.net/speeches_pmun/view_speech.php?speech=2969272
Kumalo, D.S. (2008a). Peace and security in Africa, UNSC, 11 July, New York (S/PV.5933).
Mail & Guardian Online. (2007c, November 10). SA responds to US in UN rape resolution row. Retrieved June 15, 2011, http://mg.co.za/article/2007-11-10-sa-responds-to-us-in-un-rape-resolution-row
Mbeki, M., & Sidiropoulos, E. (2008). An alternative foreign policy. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.saiia.org.za/diplomatic-pouch/an-alternative-foreign-policy.html
Neuer, H. (2007). South Africa opposes UN human rights resolutions, 9 December 2007, Retrieved July 23, 2011, from http:/blog.unwatch.org/index.php/2007/12/09/south-africa-opposes-un-human-rights-resolutions/ .
OHCHR. (1998). South Africa’s National Plan of Action for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (NAP)’, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/PlansActions/Pages/PlansofActionIndex.aspx
OHCHR. (2015). South Africa’, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/PlansActions/Pages/PlansofActionIndex.aspx
Pambazuka News. (2010). South Africa’s role at the UN undermines its own constitution’, Issue 507, 25 November, Retrieved March 3, 2011, from http://www.pambazuka.org/en/category/advocacy/69056/print
Politicsweb. (2013). 2006 Prohibition of Mercenary Activities Act not yet in operation - Jeff Radebe’, Retrieved October 20, 2015, from http://www.politicsweb.co.za/archive/2006-prohibition-of-mercenary-activities-act-not-y
SAHRC. (2015). SAHRC welcomes Government's decision to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)’, Human Rights Commission, Retrieved August 18, 2015, from http://www.sahrc.org.za/home/index.php?ipkArticleID=318
South Africa, Embassy in Jakarta. (2015). South African-Indonesia Relations’, Retrieved November 25, 2015, from http://www.dirco.gov.za/jakarta/bilateral.html
Stuijt, A. (2008). Opinion: South Africa supports oppression, torture abroad warns Bosnian Refugee-journalist’, Retrieved March 10, 2009, from http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/263513
The Independent. (2000). Ogoni nine hanged as indifferent West failed to respond’, 19 September, Retrieved March 10, 2010, from http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/ogoni-nine-hanged-as-indifferent-west-failed-to-respond-699325.html
The New York Times. (2007b). U.S. measure against rape fails at U.N’, 17 November, Retrieved June 13, 2011, from http://www.genocidewatch.org/images/U.S._17Nov07_Measure_Against_Rape_Fails_at_U.N._-_New_York_T.pdf
The Washington Post. (2007). South Africa’ s U.N. votes disappoint some’, 16 April, Retrieved July 18, 2011, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/15/AR2007041500996.html
Tupy, M.L. (2003). South Africa helps Libya gain U.N. human rights seat’, CATO Institute. Retrieved December 8, 2009, from http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=2976
UN. (2001a). World conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance’, United Nations, Retrieved May 2, 2010, from http://www.un.org/WCAR/durban.pdf
UNCHR. (2003). United Nations Commission on Human Rights , ‘ Commission on Human Rights approves measures on promotion and protection of human rights and other issues’, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, 24 April Press Release (HR/CN/1045), Retrieved April 10, 2014, from http://www.un.org/press/en/2003/hrcn1045.doc.htm
UN Dag Hammarskjöld Library. (2009). General Assembly: resolutions/decisions’, Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://research.un.org/en/docs/ga/resolutions
UNifeed. (2008) 2 April, UN/Kumalo, Retrieved February 10, 2015, from http://www.unmultimedia.org/tv/unifeed/asset/U080/U080402a/
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) South Africa. (2011). A Review of Equity and Child Rights’, Retrieved May 10, 2014, from http://www.unicef.org/southafrica/SAF_resources_factschildrens11.pdf
UN Press Release. (2007a). Security Council fails to adopt draft resolution on Myanmar, owing to negative vote by China, Russia Federation, 12 January 2007 (SC/8939). Security Council, 5619th meeting, New York’, Retrieved March 10, 2008, from http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2007/sc8939.doc.htm
UN Watch. (2007a). South Africa’s UN Votes Against Human Rights’, Retrieved November 2, 2015, from http://www.unwatch.org/south-africas-un-votes-against-human-rights/
UN Watch. (2007b). South Africa at the UN: Your Freedom and Mine’.9 December 2007, Retrieved November 25, 2015, from http://www.unwatch.org/south-africa-opposes-un-human-rights-resolutions/
Van der Merwe, S. (2008a). Reflections on 10 years of bilateral relations, South Africa and the PRC: a view from South Africa, 19 August 2008, Parliament’, Retrieved June 13, 2010, from http://www.dfa.gov.za/docs/speeches/2008/merwe0821.html
VOA News. (2009). South Africa unrepentant over UN Security Council role’, 20 February, Retrieved December 8, 2009, from http://www.voanews.com/content/a-13-2009-02-20-voa23-68712827/409628.html
A/48/PV.95 (1994). Agenda item 38: Elimination of apartheid and establishment of a united, democratic and non-racial South Africa. New York: UNGA.
A/52/PV.70 (1997). New York human rights situations and reports of special rapporteurs and representatives: Situation of human rights in Nigeria. New York: UNGA.
A/54/PV.65 (1999). Question of Palestine. New York: UNGA.
A/56/PV.88 (2001). Reports of the Third Committee. New York: UNGA.
A/61/PV.81 (2006). Report of the Third Committee. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/61/L.39 (2006). Situation of human rights in Uzbekistan. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/61/L.41 (2006). Situation of human rights in Iran, draft resolution. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/61/L.42 (2006). Situation of democracy and human rights in the USA, draft Resolution. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/61/L.48 (2006). Inadmissibility of certain practices that contribute to fuelling contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/61/L.53 (2006). Elimination of racism and racial discrimination. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/65/L.65 (2010). Draft resolution on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/61/L.31/Rev.1 (2006). Belarus and Uzbekistan: draft resolution: Promotion of equitable and mutually respectful dialogue on human rights. New York: UNGA.
A/C.3/62/L.16/Rev.2 (2007). Advancement of women: Eliminating rape and other forms of sexual violence in all their manifestations, including as instruments to achieve political objectives. New York: UNGA.
A/CONF.157/23 (1993). General Assembly World Conference on Human Rights Vienna 14 25 June 1993. New York: UNGA.
A/HRC/6/17 (2007). Agenda item 3: promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development. Geneva: HRC.
A/HRC/RES/S-51 (2007). Situation of human rights in Myanmar. Geneva: HRC.
A/HRC/RES/17/19 (2011). Human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity. Geneva: HRC.
A/RES/50/197 (1995). Situation of human rights in the Sudan. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/50/198 (1995). Situation of human rights in Cuba. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/54/168 (1999). Respect for the principles of national sovereignty and non interference in the internal affairs of States in their electoral processes. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/56/165 (2001). Globalization and its impact on the full enjoyment of all human Rights. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/56/174 (2001). Situation of human rights in Iraq. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/56/175 (2001). Situation of human rights in the Sudan. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/57/230 (2002). Situation of human rights in the Sudan. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/57/232 (2002). Human rights situation in Iraq. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/60/251 (2006). Human Rights Council. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/61/232 (2006). Situation of human rights in Myanmar. New York: UNGA.
A/RES/61/255 (2007). Holocaust denial. New York: UNGA.
ANC. (1994). Foreign policy perspective in a democratic South Africa. African National Congress Policy Document.
DFA. (1996). South African Foreign Policy Discussion Document.
DFA Strategic Plan 2005–2008 (2005). South Africa, Department of Foreign Affairs.
DIRCO (2009). A Fifteen Year Review of the Department of International Relations and Cooperation from 2004–2008. Pretoria: Policy, Research and Analysis Unit (PRAU).
DIRCO 2013–14 Annual Report. (2014). Annual Report for the 2013/ 14 Financial Year.
E/CN.4/1998/10/Add.2 (1997). Adverse effects of the illicit movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights: Report of the Special Rapporteur on toxic wastes, Ms. Fatma-Zohra Ksentini. New York: Economic and Social Council.
Government Gazette. (1997, December 19). Criminal Law Amendment Act ( No. 105 of 1997), 390 (18519).
Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development. (2002). Adopted at the 17th Plenary Meeting of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, 4 September.
SAHRC. (2012). South African Human Rights Commission Annual International Report, Braamfontein.
S/PV.4625 (2002). The situation between Iraq and Kuwait. New York: UNSC.
S/PV.5619 (2007). The situation in Myanmar. New York: UNSC.
S/PV.5638 (2007). Situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. New York: UNSC.
S/PV.5843 (2008). Situation in Timor-Leste. New York: UNSC.
S-PV-4043-Resu.1. (1999, September). The situation in East Timor’ (New York: UNSC).
S/RES/1704 (2006). Resolution 1704 (2006) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5516 th meeting, on 25 August 2006. New York: UNSC.
S/RES/1757 (2007). Security Council resolution 1757 (2007) [on the establishment of a Special Tribunal for Lebanon]. New York: UNGA.
S/RES/1769 (2007). Security Council resolution 1769 (2007) [on establishment of AU/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID)]. New York: UNSC.
S/RES/1802 (2008). Resolution 1802 (2008) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5844 th meeting, on 25 February 2008. New York: UNSC.
S/RES/1850 (2008). Security Council resolution 1850 (2008) [on the implementation of the Quartet Performance-based Road Map to a Permanent Two-State Solution to the Israeli Palestinian Conflict]. New York: UNSC.
Africa Research Bulletin, (March 2007).
Business Day, 11 October 2007.
Cape Argus, 4 June 2007.
Financial Times, 20 September 1999.
Sunday Independent, 17 December 2006.
Sunday Independent, 8 September 2008.
Sunday Independent, 12 February 2012.
Sunday Times, 2 February 2003.
The Citizen, 14 April 1998.
The Economist, 15 November 2008.
Kumalo, D.S. (2001). Measures to eliminate international terrorism, UNGA Plenary, 1 October, New York (A/56/PV.12).
Kumalo, D.S. (2007a). The situation of the Middle East, UNSC, 30 May, New York (S/PV.5685).
Kumalo, D.S. (2008a). Peace and security in Africa, UNSC, 11 July, New York (S/PV.5933).
Nzo, A.B. (1994). Address to the forty eighth session, ninety-fifth meeting of the United National General Assembly, UNGA Plenary, 23 June, New York (A/48/PV.95).
Sangqu, B. (2007a). Sudan: political conditions, UNSC, 31 July, New York (S/PV.5727).
- Voting on Human Rights and Democracy Issues
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
- Chapter 3
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Voraussetzungen für wirtschaftliche additive Fertigung/© Marco2811 | Fotolia