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Erschienen in: Environmental Management 6/2022

02.03.2022

Stakeholder Perspectives on COVID-19 and Household Water Access in Vulnerable Communities in the Mekong Region

verfasst von: Louis Lebel, Nilar Aung, Chau Thi Minh Long, Phoummixay Siharath, Phimphakan Lebel, Hap Navy, Chu Thai Hoanh, Boripat Lebel

Erschienen in: Environmental Management | Ausgabe 6/2022

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has underlined the importance of safe access to sufficient clean water in vulnerable communities, renewing interest in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programs and related targets under Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6). The purpose of this study was to better understand the obstacles to water access in vulnerable communities and identify ways they might be addressed in five countries in the Mekong Region (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam). To this end, qualitative interviews with 50 government officials and development or health experts were complimented with a quantitative survey of the experiences and views of individuals in 15 vulnerable communities. There were several key findings. First, difficulties in accessing sufficient clean water for drinking and hygiene persist in certain vulnerable communities, including informal urban settlements, remote minority villages, and migrant worker camps. Second, limited rights, high prices, and remote locations were common obstacles to household access to improved water sources. Third, seasonal differences in the availability of clean water, alongside other disruptions to supply such as restrictions on movement in COVID-19 responses, drove households towards lower quality sources. Fourth, there are multiple threats to water quality from source to consumption that should be addressed by monitoring, treatment, and watershed protection. Fifth, stakeholder groups differ from each other and residents of vulnerable communities regarding the significance of water access, supply and quality difficulties, and how they should be addressed. The paper ends with a set of program suggestions addressing these water-related difficulties.

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Literatur
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Metadaten
Titel
Stakeholder Perspectives on COVID-19 and Household Water Access in Vulnerable Communities in the Mekong Region
verfasst von
Louis Lebel
Nilar Aung
Chau Thi Minh Long
Phoummixay Siharath
Phimphakan Lebel
Hap Navy
Chu Thai Hoanh
Boripat Lebel
Publikationsdatum
02.03.2022
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Environmental Management / Ausgabe 6/2022
Print ISSN: 0364-152X
Elektronische ISSN: 1432-1009
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-022-01616-9

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