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Erschienen in: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering 1/2024

30.11.2023 | Original Paper

Stress Threshold Determination Method and Damage Evolution Modelling Based on Micritic Bioclastic Limestone

verfasst von: Zuguo Mo, Li Qian, Tianzhi Yao, Yunpeng Gao, Jianhai Zhang, Ru Zhang, Enlong Liu, Haibo Jiang

Erschienen in: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering | Ausgabe 1/2024

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Abstract

The surrounding rock and slope of the exit of the No. 1 drainage tunnel of the Artashi Water Conservancy Project exhibited unpredicted deformation during excavation. The rock was determined to be micritic bioclastic limestone containing 55% bioclastic material, which has not been sufficiently studied. Conventional triaxial compression experiments on this material show that the deviatoric stress‒volumetric strain curves have no typical reversal arc and that the rock specimens rapidly expand at the peak stress. Thus, the method adopted by many researchers to determine the crack damage stress σcd by identifying the reversal point of the volumetric strain curve is not suitable for such rock. To overcome this drawback, the beginning of both axial and lateral cracks is considered to determine the crack damage stress σcd. Accordingly, a new method named the stress threshold determination method using axial and lateral crack strains (STDM-ALCS) is proposed to determine the micritic bioclastic limestone stress thresholds according to the crack evolution characteristics. This method can also be well applied to determine stress thresholds for common rocks such as granite, which proves the versatility of STDM-ALCS. The crack dissipation energy density is obtained by axial and lateral crack strains and divided into four stages according to the evolutionary characteristics of the crack and stress thresholds. By introducing damage variable D, defined as the ratio of the crack dissipation energy density to the peak dissipation energy density, the damage evolution characteristics at each stage are analysed. A five-element damage evolution model is developed by correlating the deviatoric stress ratio R d (ratio of deviatoric stress to peak deviatoric stress) with damage variable D in the four stages of rock damage. The damage evolution curves obtained by the proposed model satisfactorily fit with the experimental data in each stage, indicating that the model can effectively represent the damage evolution of this rock.

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Metadaten
Titel
Stress Threshold Determination Method and Damage Evolution Modelling Based on Micritic Bioclastic Limestone
verfasst von
Zuguo Mo
Li Qian
Tianzhi Yao
Yunpeng Gao
Jianhai Zhang
Ru Zhang
Enlong Liu
Haibo Jiang
Publikationsdatum
30.11.2023
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering / Ausgabe 1/2024
Print ISSN: 0723-2632
Elektronische ISSN: 1434-453X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-023-03524-8

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