Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
To sustain rural areas in Japan, policymakers pay attention to improvement of residents’ satisfaction. The present study empirically shows the causative factors for the personal and regional level of residents’ satisfaction in their daily lives. The ordered probit model was employed to explain personal factors and to quantify regional differences in the average satisfaction level. Regional differences were then regressed with the regional factors by using a structural equation model. Estimations demonstrated the following results. First, different from previous studies (Tsutsui, 2010), significant differences in regional satisfaction level were measured. Second, these regional differences were influenced by the economic revitalization, represented by job opportunities and average gross regional production; social capital, shown by the level of trust, altruistic norms and human networks; public facilities for basic human needs; and the town’s reputation perceived by the person outside. Social capital and reputation from outside had the strong impact on the regional satisfaction level. Third, social capital was low at a town where economic revitalization level was high, showing a tradeoff effect, whereas the construction of public facilities advanced in the town where the revitalization level was high. These tradeoff and supplemental effects can be explained by urbanization as substantial variable.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Aldrich, P. D. (2012). Building resilience: Social capital in post-disaster recovery. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. CrossRef
Blanchflower, D.G., & Oswald, A.J. (2000). Well-being over time in Britain and the USA, NBER Working Paper, 7487, Cambridge, Mass., National Bureau of Economic Research 1359–1386.
Bohnke, P. (2008). Does society matter? Life Satisfaction in the Enlarged Europe, Social Indicators Research,87(2), 189–210. CrossRef
Cabinet Office of Japan. (2003). Quantitative measurement of the civic action and the social capital, Social Capital: In search of the rich human relations and the virtuous circle of the civic action-. Tokyo: The national Printing Bureau.
Cabinet Office of Japan. (2008). Japanese public capital stocks in 2004. Tokyo: The national Printing Bureau.
Diener, E., & Diener, R. (2002). Will money increase subjective well-being? A literature review and guide to needed research, social indicators research,57, 119–169.
Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Beyond money: Toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in the Public Interest,5(1), 1–31. CrossRef
Easterlin, R. A. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization,27, 35–47. CrossRef
Frey, B. S., & Stutzer, A. (2001). Happiness. Economy and Institutions, Economic Journal,110(466), 918–938.
Frey, B. S., & Stutzer, A. (2002). Happiness and economics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Graham, C., & Pettinato, S. (2002). Frustrated achievers: Winners, new market economies. Journal of Development Studies,38(4), 100–140. CrossRef
Hagerty, M. R. (2000). Social comparisons of income in one’s community: Evidence five from national surveys of income and happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,78, 746–771. CrossRef
Hakuhodo. (2006). G-Brand. In Hakuhodo project team (Ed.), Brand name of the local area, Kohbundo co. ltd., Tokyo, 11–19.
Hashizume, N. (2003). The activated conditions of the rural areas and the vitality diagnosis of towns: The comparison of the revitalization level of each town by the factor scores from statistical data -, The Report of the Revitalization Research Project for Rural Areas No. 4, The Policy Research Institute of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery, http://www.maff.go.jp/primaff/koho/seika/project/nosonkeizai4.html.
Helliwell, J. F. (2006). Well-being, social capital and public policy: What’s new? Economic Journal,116(510), C34–C45. CrossRef
Inaba, Y. (2005). Economic Inequalities and the Social Capital (Inaba-ed. From the Market to the Society - Building the Social Capital-), Gendai Shokan, Tokyo, pp 49–51.
Knack, S., & Keefer, P. (1997). Does social capital have an economic payoff? A cross-country investigation, Quarterly Journal of Economics,112(4), 1251–1288.
Kunimitsu, Y. (2010). Causative factors in regional gaps of satisfaction indexes: structural equation model with town-based data from Yamagata and Yamaguchi prefectures. Studies in Regional Science,40(1), 129–141. CrossRef
Leu, R. E., Burri, S., & Priester, T. (1997). Lebensqualitat und Armut in der Schweiz. Bern: Haupt.
Litchfield, J., Reilly, B., & Veneziani, M. (2011). An analysis of life satisfaction in Albania: An heteroscedastic ordered probit model approach. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization,81, 731–741. CrossRef
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery. (2004). The Report on revitalization of town via coordination policy among neighboring towns 2004, Rural Development Planning Association, pp 1–111.
Mroczek, D. K., & Kolarz, C. M. (1998). The effect of age on positive and negative affect: A developmental perspective on happiness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,75(5), 1333–1349. CrossRef
Ohtake, F. (2010). Unemployment and Happiness. In Ohtake, F. Shiraishi, S. & Tsutsui, Y. (Eds.). Happiness in Japan. Tokyo: Nihonhyoron Shya, 149–164.
Ohtake, F., & Tomioka, J. (2010). Inequalities and Happiness. In Ohtake, F. Shiraishi, S. & Tsutsui, Y. (Eds.). Happiness in Japan. Tokyo: Nihonhyoron Shya, pp 149–164.
Orr, M., & West, D. M. (2002). Citizens’ views on urban revitalization: The case of providence. Rhode Island, Urban Affairs Review,37(3), 397–419. CrossRef
Putnam, R. (1993). Making democracy work: Civic traditions in modern Italy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Tachibanaki, T., & Urakawa, K. (2012). Influence of regional inequalities: Health, scholarship, social capital and happiness. In T. Tachibanaki & K. Urakawa (Eds.), Regional inequalities in Japan (pp. 145–164). Tokyo: Nihon Hyoron Shya.
Takano, J. (2012). The man who let the Pope eat rice: what did the super public servant do to revitalize depopulation town? Tokyo: Kodan shya.
Tandoc, E. C., & Takahashi, B. (2013). The complex road to happiness: The influence of human development, a healthy environment and a free press. Social Indicators Research,113(1), 537–550. CrossRef
Toyoda, H. (1998). Structural equation model. In H. Toyoda (Ed.), Structural equation model: For beginner (pp. 88–108). Tokyo: Asakura co. ltd.
Tsutsui Y. (2010). Does regional inequalities really exist? In Ohtake, F., Shiraishi, S. and Tsutsui, Y. (Eds.). Happiness in Japan. Tokyo: Nihonhyoron Shya, 165–202.
Veenhoven, R. (2000). Well-being in the welfare state: level not higher, distribution not more equitable. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis,2, 91–125.
Winkelmann, L., & Winkelmann, R. (1998). Why are the unemployed so unhappy? Evidence from panel data. Economica,65(257), 1–15. CrossRef
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. (every year). The investigation on situation of public facilities.
- Regional Factors Affecting the Satisfaction of Residents: Evidence from a Structural Equation Model in Japan
- Springer Netherlands
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Neuer Inhalt/© julien tromeur | Fotolia