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01.03.2015 | Ausgabe 1/2015

Journal of Business and Psychology 1/2015

The Effects of Unconsciously Derived Affect on Task Satisfaction and Performance

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Business and Psychology > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Xiaoxiao Hu, Seth Kaplan

Abstract

Purpose

Theoretical and empirical evidence from basic psychological research suggests that much of affective processing occurs outside of conscious awareness and that this unconscious processing can have profound impacts on attitudes and behaviors. However, research in the management domain examining unconscious affective processing is almost completely absent. To address this void, we examined the role of unconsciously derived affect in work-related judgments and behaviors.

Design/Methodology/Approach

In two studies, participants were primed with subliminal affective cues while performing work-related tasks.

Findings

Across the two studies, the results showed that positively valenced stimuli impacted reports of task satisfaction and performance on some, but not all, types of tasks. The effects of this unconsciously derived affect generally remained even when participants were explicitly told that they would be exposed to these primes.

Implications

This study demonstrates the potential importance of unconsciously derived affect for work-related outcomes. The results provide initial evidence that affect that emerges through sources outside of conscious awareness can impact individuals’ feelings about, and performance on, work-related tasks. This finding may help leaders and employees to make the work environment more conducive to serving employee and organizational objectives.

Originality/Value

This is an initial examination of the effects of unconsciously derived affect on reactions to, and performance on, work-relevant tasks.

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